How to recognize a sick dog.

You own a dog. So far he has fortunately always been healthy? How to recognize that your dog is not well? How to protect the dog from diseases such as epilepsy, kidney disease and diabetes? Which measures support your dog in case of diseases. These and other questions are answered in the following text.

How to recognize the sick dog?

As individual as humans are, so is the dog and just as individual are the symptoms when he is ill. As a dog owner, you should inspect your dog's coat regularly, as well as his teeth. It is also helpful to know your dog's normal temperature to notice possible changes. Reliable signs of illness include diarrhea, vomiting, apathy and fever. But also in case of changes in the coat and skin, as well as in the eating behavior, you should observe your dog and consult a veterinarian if necessary.

How to prevent dog diseases?

Even if your dog seems healthy, you should not neglect to take him to a veterinarian regularly. In this way they avoid that illnesses are recognized only if they are already far advanced. The veterinarian can recognize many diseases in time on the basis of the weight, the teeth and the general condition of your animal. You as a dog owner can do a lot in advance to keep your dog healthy. The diet of a dog lays the foundation for a healthy, long life. Make sure that the food meets the needs of your dog and is of high quality. Active dogs need a different food, than passive dogs.

Try not to give your dog too much Stress expose. Pay attention to his body language, it will tell you about his state of mind. Parasites transmit diseases. Regular prophylaxis and controls can prevent fleas, ticks, worms and co. should be kept away.

Unfortunately, there are also diseases that are passed on by heredity and are congenital. In addition, diseases are sometimes homemade – namely by incorrect feeding.


Epilepsy does not only exist in humans. Dogs also carry this disease. There are breeds that seem to be more prone to epilepsy than others. Among them is especially the Belgian shepherd dog. But other breeds like Beagle, Golden Retriever, Labrador and German Shepherd are not spared either.

Forms of epilepsy

Basically, there are three forms of epilepsy in dogs. Due to metabolic disorders, blood prere problems and kidney disease, so-called Reactive epileptic seizures Triggered. But also various drugs or anti-parasitics are strongly suspected to cause such reactive epilepsies.

brain tumors are mainly responsible for Secondary epileptic seizures responsible.

In the case of epilepsy between one and three years of age, which have no visible trigger, we speak of the Primary epilepsy, under the ca. 3% of canine epileptics suffer.

Triggers for epileptic seizures are very many. From brain tumors, to medications, to toxins, to infections, to chemicals in the food, to organic problems, anything can trigger an epileptic seizure in a dog.

How to support your dog?

If your dog has suffered an epileptic seizure, present him to the vet. This will decide on further treatment. As a dog owner, you can also help to prevent seizures.

Build the Immune system of your dog and try to refrain from environmental toxins.

Pay attention to the Ingredients of products to combat parasites. Especially substances such as organophosphates and carbametes, such as atropines, should be avoided. They represent poisons that attack the nervous system and the brain. Even plant-based spot-ons are capable of penetrating the nervous system and causing epileptic seizures. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or veterinary practitioner.

At Food there are also some things to keep in mind:

The gluten, which is contained in cereals, is particularly bad for epileptics, as it penetrates the blood-brain barrier and can thus cause neurological disorders. It is best to feed your dog a completely grain-free diet.

How to recognize the sick dog

Furthermore, you should not offer your dog foods that are dangerous even among allergy sufferers, as they are highly allergenic are. They include not only cereals, but also cow's milk products, as well as soy and corn, and of course products to which your dog somehow reacts strangely. Actually it goes without saying that sugary food food does not belong in your dog's bowl and even more so if he is prone to epileptic seizures. Foods that have a strong effect on blood sugar levels, such as honey, potatoes, rice, peas and carrots, are also not beneficial for epileptic dogs.

In many legumes, cow's milk products, soy products and nuts is Glutamate or aspartate contain. These substances should also be avoided at all costs. Of particular interest is that also Spices, as rosemary and oregano have been proven to trigger epileptic seizures and should therefore be avoided. Pay attention to a balanced diet so that your dog does not suffer from deficiencies. The natural means valerian. Passionflower can have very positive effects in epilepsy! (if you have questions about the application, please contact THP Manfred Ruben)

Kidney disease (renal insufficiency) in dogs

Especially in older dogs, kidney diseases are diagnosed very often. This is mainly due to the fact that the organs, including the kidney, can regenerate only with difficulty. Environmental factors, poor diet, and heredity have put years of stress on the organs, and as your dog ages, they can cause inflammation to spread through the body. Like any mammal, a healthy dog has two kidneys, which are primarily used to remove toxins from the urine. It provides a healthy balance between acids and bases. In the event of a malfunction of the kidney, the body very quickly overacidifies. In the acid environment inflammations can spread well. The result is a chronic inflammation of the kidneys. The second role is to release hormones. Thus the kidney is also indirectly at the blood circulation. The blood prere regulators involved.

A healthy kidney can compensate for many impairments. However, a kidney problem is often recognized too late in dogs, so that they usually only appear at the vet when the restriction is already at 50%. It is therefore recommended to feed dogs from approx. 5 years should be regularly presented to the veterinarian for a preventive examination.

Different risk factors


If your dog suffers from kidney problems, it is very important to pay attention to a healthy diet and to make sure that he drinks enough to support the kidney function. In the case of kidney disease, the organism finds it difficult to break down phosphorus and the absorption of potassium is also disturbed. A vitamin and mineral deficiency can be the result. Pay attention to an individually composed feeding and do without dry food as far as possible, because this often does not contain enough vitamins or minerals and still extracts liquid from the body. The food should contain little phosphorus, so avoid bones, offal and whey products. Instead, focus on high-quality protein, which means that you should feed a lot of pure muscle meat, or even egg white, to support the formation of new cells. The whole supplement with potassium-containing vegetables, such as celery leaves, root vegetables, or various herbs. If necessary, seek advice from a professional, veterinary healer.


Since the kidney takes care of detoxification, it is more difficult for a dog with kidney problems to eliminate toxins from the environment (exhaust fumes, chemicals, disinfectants, phenols, antibiotics…). Try to consciously avoid such substances. Make sure they get enough fluids.

other causes

It has been observed that infections, diseases and injuries have also led to kidney disease. Have your dog examined regularly!


If your dog suddenly starts drinking and urinating noticeably more than usual, make an appointment with your veterinarian. Do not prevent your dog from drinking, it is vital that the kidney is flushed by increased water intake. Accordingly, you need to take increased walks. In addition to the increased drinking and urination, there may be a reluctance to eat, inflammation, or accompanying nausea.


Just like in humans, diabetes in dogs is a metabolic disease that has two variants, diabetes type 1 and type 2. In this disease, the blood sugar level is elevated due to insulin deficiency, which if left untreated would lead to severe damage to various organs. Early treatment is therefore very important.


Watch for any changes in character, or changes in behavior.

Increased urination
Dogs with diabetes have elevated blood glucose levels. Sugar particles are absorbed by the urine and draw water. Therefore, the dog has a need to urinate more often.

increased drinking
Due to the deprived water, the dog develops an increased feeling of thirst. He drinks more!

Visual disturbances
Blood vessels everywhere in the body are destroyed by the increased blood sugar, including areas of the eye. It threatens u.a. Blindness.

Weight loss/ or weight gain

The energy supply is disturbed.

You should definitely see a vet if you suspect your dog may have diabetes. If left untreated, this disease may well lead to death.


The most important measure is to control body weight and diet. Care must be taken to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. You can achieve this by always feeding your dog at the same times and, if possible, before the insulin injections. In this way, insulin administration does not threaten further hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is an acute life-threatening condition.

It is better for your dog if they feed several small portions a day, because then the blood sugar level does not rise abruptly. Avoid short term carbohydrates like z.B. Cereals. Pay special attention to feeding diabetes foods. Due to its special composition, this does not lead to such strong fluctuations in the blood sugar level. However, you must be consistent about not feeding anything extra, no treats or other rewards.


If your dog is ill with one of the diseases described above, it is best to consult a specialist to find out which measures seem sensible in order to get the disease under control in the best possible way. Your dog will thank you.

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