Idg irjgv group dog advisor

Infectious diseases in dogs Leishmaniasis belongs to the so-called Mediterranean diseases. We inform you about causes, symptoms, treatment of the infectious disease as well as about low-purine nutrition.

Lyme disease:

The infectious disease Lyme disease can be triggered in dogs by tick bites. The tick transmits the bacteria to the dog through the bite. Partly severe inflammatory reactions in the organism are the result.

Kennel cough is a bacterial disease of the upper respiratory tract. Especially dogs, which have a weakened immune system, are particularly endangered to get infected by already sick animals.

How to recognize that my dog is sick?

Depending on the disease of the dog, the symptoms can be very different. It is recommended for dog owners to keep a close eye on their dogs and regularly check their fur, skin and teeth. Also the temperature should be measured once in normal condition. These measures help detect abnormalities more quickly.

Possible signs that every owner should look out for include u. a. Follows:

– Diarrhea and/or vomiting – Refusal of food – Scratching/itching – Apathy, reluctance to move, excessive panting – Restricted movement, limping – Excessive drinking – Changes in skin/coat: dull or shaggy coat, scaly skin, loss of coat – Fever

However, the changes mentioned do not always have to be due to a disease in the dog. For example, some dogs eat and move less in summer at high temperatures. In case of doubt, however, a veterinarian should always be consulted.

What to do when the dog is sick?

If dog owners suspect that their dog is ill, the temperature should be taken rectally with a commercially available fever thermometer. Normal body temperature should be between 37.5 and 39 °C (in puppies up to 39.5 °C). From a temperature of 40 ° C is called fever.

If your dog has a fever or other signs of a disease, a visit to the vet is highly recommended. This can determine by further diagnostics, what dog disease it is. In case of doubt: Better once more to the veterinarian.

Describe your observations to your veterinarian in detail, the easier it will be for him to make the correct diagnosis. If symptoms persist for a long time, it is advisable to keep a diary of some kind.

Tip: Always have your veterinarian's phone number handy! Find out who you can reach at night and on weekends.

Preventing diseases in dogs

Even for dogs that show no signs of illness, a regular routine check with the veterinarian every one to two years can be helpful. This checks the weight, teeth and general condition of the dog. If applicable. a blood count can detect an illness at an early stage.

Here we summarize tips for promoting your dog's health:

– Pay attention to a diet that is adapted to the needs of your dog – Avoid overweight and underweight in your dog – Prevent joint disease by overloading young dogs – Avoid stress in your dog: always pay attention to the expression behavior and symptoms of stress – Prevent a possible infestation by parasites such as ticks and fleas through regular prophylaxis – Avoid tartar through diet and regular dental care – Check the vaccination protection of your dog and arrange routine checkups with your veterinarian

Regular grooming of the dog's coat is not only for grooming purposes alone, but also helps the owner to detect diseases at an early stage. In addition, combing is perceived by the dog as attention, which positively influences the trust and the bond with the human being.

Consequences of inadequate coat care

Not every dog needs to be brushed, this depends on the length and texture of the coat. Coat care in dogs should also be adapted to the seasons, because thorough brushing is especially important in spring and autumn to remove dead hairs due to the change of coat. Otherwise, these can hinder the free circulation of air to the underlying skin.

If your dog's coat is neglected, the hair can quickly become matted, which not only results in an unkempt appearance, but is also a risk factor for ectoparasites and other skin problems, such as dermatitis caused by bacteria.

Idg irjgv group dog guidebook

Methods of coat care

Brushing is particularly important in the dog's coat care. For long-haired dogs, first comb out loose hair from the topcoat and especially the undercoat with a comb or currycomb. Then the entire coat is brushed in long strokes using a hard brush – this should always be done with the stroke. Brushing vigorously not only removes loose hair, but also stimulates blood flow to the skin. This promotes on the one hand a better supply of the hair follicles and on the other hand the secretion of sebum, so that the skin is better protected against adverse conditions. Which brush is best for this depends on the condition of the dog's coat. Offered are both plastic materials, as well as metal in different variants.

How often should dogs be bathed?

The rule here is: as little as possible, as much as necessary. Bathing should, in the context of the fur care with the dog, only a subordinate role play, since too frequent bathing destroys the sebaceous and acid protective film of the skin. If a bath is unavoidable, the water should be at most hand-warm. In addition, the shampoo must be free of soap and perfume and have a refatting effect. It is especially important that only special dog shampoos are used.

Coat care for different dog breeds

The thorough fur care with the dog is to be accomplished depending upon fur kind at least once weekly. However, for long-haired dogs such as the Tibetan terrier or long-haired collie, it is best to do it daily. The equipment for the fur care with the dog is with races with smooth fur and little Unterwolle quite manageable. Here, a brush is usually quite sufficient to remove the loose hair. For the care of rough and wire-haired breeds such as Airedale Terriers and Schnauzers, on the other hand, a trimmer is needed to remove the strong undercoat and the dead top hair. Long-haired representatives require the most intensive care and should be processed daily with a comb and a brush. Some breeds also require regular shearing. This should be left to a specialist, however, as the risk of skin injuries is relatively high here.

Fur care at home: This belongs to the basic equipment

"It would be favorable, if one deals intensively with the fur care when acquiring a dog", Good advice can be obtained from the breeder or from a resident dog hairdresser. When buying the basic equipment, it is advisable to take the dog with you to the store to try out the comb or brush.

A comb and dog brush should not be missing in any household. "Your dog benefits in two ways, because the gentle massage during combing and brushing additionally stimulates the metabolism."If a dog is bathed, this should take place "only with dog shampoos and conditioner, which are co-ordinated with the needs of the fur condition of the dog. To remove dead undercoat, the most common tool is a so-called knife comb (z. B. Furmaster, Furminator, Carding currycomb)".

Poisonous houseplants for dogs

Toxic houseplants include, for example, aloe, yucca palms, ficus and window leaves. A special role in this regard is given to the Christ thorn, whose milky sap can cause temporary blindness of the animal. In addition to those plants that are toxic to a small degree, splendid lilies, cyclamen and desert roses represent highly toxic houseplants that dog owners are strongly advised not to own.

Poisonous plants in the garden and park

Often lush plants decorate parks and gardens, whose charming sight conceals the fact that these often represent poisonous plants for dogs. Thus, angel's trumpet and datura pose an immense risk to the health of the dog. Among the most toxic splendor plants are spurges such as ricinus, which may also be present in horn shavings used to fertilize the garden. Beside rather weakly toxic plants, like broom, autumn crocus and fence beet, the widespread aconite represents the most poisonous plant of the European continent. The reason why poisonous plants for dogs can be found on balconies, in gardens or forests at all is due to the fact that plants have been equipped with natural defense mechanisms against predators in the course of evolution. So usually just those, which are visually particularly appealing, turn out to be poisonous plants for dogs.

Symptoms of plant poisoning

Symptoms of poisoning in dogs include a restless habitus, vomiting and increased heart rate. In addition, feverish body temperatures, strong breathing rates and disproportionate salivation can be observed. Simultaneous occurrence of all signs is unlikely and therefore owners should closely monitor their dog for any noticeable symptoms. If there is a reasonable suspicion that a poisonous plant has been ingested, consultation with a veterinarian is unavoidable. To reduce the risk of ingestion of toxic plants, expert advice from the nursery owner is needed before buying houseplants. When spending time in the open air, it will never be possible to completely rule out the possibility of poisoning, but vigilance and careful observation in advance will avoid many dangers. Therefore, dogs should be prevented from ingesting plants by educational measures in order to avoid poisoning.


Chocolate is known to be made with cocoa, which contains theobromine. The alkaloid has an effect on humans similar to caffeine. However, dogs cannot break it down and metabolize it. Ingestion of foods containing cocoa can cause circulatory problems, digestive problems and tremors.

The lethal dose of theobromine is between 100 and 300 mg/kg body weight. How much of the toxic substance is contained in a bar of chocolate cannot be answered in a general way, as the theobromine content depends on the chocolate variety. As a rule of thumb one can say: The darker the chocolate, the more theobromine is contained and the more dangerous the consumption is for the dog. While an average of only 0.009 mg/g is found in white chocolate, dark chocolate can contain up to 16 mg/g and cocoa powder can contain as much as 26 mg/g. Eating a 100g bar of dark chocolate would put smaller breeds of dogs, as well as puppies and young dogs of all breeds, at life-threatening risk; half of that is enough for a Chihuahua.


Coffee and other caffeinated beverages are highly toxic to dogs. Since caffeine cannot be metabolized by dogs, the toxin remains in the dogs' blood for a long time. Cardiac arrhythmias, kidney problems or neurological damage can be the result.


Nicotine is poison for dogs. As little as 5 to 25 grams of dried tobacco (depending on body weight) can be fatal to a dog. A single cigarette already contains 1 gram of the toxic substance. Especially puppies. Young animals are at risk. At this age, dogs are still particularly curious and chew or eat plants. often eat everything they can find.

A great danger is also posed by ashtrays, which, if placed carelessly, pose a deadly hazard to the dog. Drinking from a puddle with cigarette butts floating in it can lead to poisoning. Symptoms of nicotine poisoning include vomiting, convulsions, agitation, increased respiratory and heart rates, salivation, movement disorders, muscle tremors or circulatory collapse. If it has been observed that the dog has swallowed cigarettes (cigarette butts), a veterinarian should be consulted immediately to initiate countermeasures.

The effects of nicotine poisoning do not always have to be obvious. Long-term exposure to cigarette smoke in particular can have health effects. Just as in humans, diseases such as asthma, bronchitis and cancer can develop years later. Since the nose of dogs is much more efficient than that of humans, they perceive the smell of cigarette smoke more strongly and feel uncomfortable as a result. Therefore, dogs should also be taken into consideration when it comes to "non-smoker protection" – because they are even more susceptible to the consequences of nicotine exposure than humans are!


Avocados, including the stem, skin, pit, and rind and leaves, contain persin. This toxin has a toxic effect on dogs. Can lead to fatal heart muscle damage. Other possible consequences of ingestion include coughing, shortness of breath, indigestion, general weakness and restlessness.

Even though the flesh of avocados has a lower amount of persin, eating them can cause problems. The high fat content of avocado fruit can cause diarrhea or vomiting. A swallowed avocado pit can also cause problems due to intestinal obstruction.

onions and garlic

Bulbous plants such as leeks, onions and garlic also have a toxic effect. These contain sulfur compounds that attack and destroy red blood cells. If this occurs, dogs suffer a life-threatening anemia (anemia). Although there is a higher toxin content in onions than in garlic, the use of garlic-based preparations to combat parasites is not recommended. 5 g of garlic per kg of body weight is enough to cause poisoning in dogs. This amount is equivalent to about two fresh garlic cloves.

Grapes and raisins

Grapes and raisins are downright poison for dogs. After eating the sweet fruits, dogs may react with vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps and tremors. At high doses, ingestion can cause kidney failure and even be fatal. Raisins in particular are highly toxic because they contain the toxic substance in concentrated form. However, it has not yet been scientifically proven how much of raisins is lethal. So far, there are only estimates by American scientists that 11.6 g of grapes per kg of body weight can cause life-threatening poisoning.


The liver provides vitamin A, and is therefore a natural source of nutrients. An intake in small quantities is harmless. However, if liver or cod liver oil is fed in excess of requirements, hypervitaminosis (over-supply) can occur. Symptoms may include skin problems and loss of coat. It is not uncommon for an over-supply of vitamin A to trigger bone changes, muscle coordination disorders and vomiting.

Milk and cream

Dogs also often struggle with lactose intolerance. Intolerance to dairy products is particularly common in adult dogs, as the activity of the enzyme lactase, which is responsible for breaking down the milk sugar (lactose) contained in dairy products, decreases with age. Ingested lactose is not digested and enters the large intestine, resulting in fermentation and digestive problems. A daily amount of max. 20 ml per kg body weight is considered tolerable. Should not be exceeded. In the case of condensed milk, the dog should not be given more than 10 ml per kg of body weight due to the increased lactose content. Other dairy products, such as yogurt or curd cheese, are also used for stomach problems, but only in limited quantities are they beneficial to health.

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