In contrast to the great swiss cattle dog

Bernese Mountain DogWith its tri-colored, thick coat and friendly facial expression, the Bernese Mountain Dog gives the right impression: cozy and family-friendly. Owners can confirm that. Appreciate the gentle giant as a reliable friend of children. Unlike the Great Swiss Mountain Dog, the Bernese Mountain Dog has a long top coat.

Origin and history

In contrast to the large swiss cattle dog

The Sennenhunde were, as the name reveals, originally working dogs of the Swiss alpine dairymen. They assisted shepherds in their work, such as guarding livestock and farms. They accompanied their owners in their work, whether on the mountain pasture or in the village. Even today, this is reflected in the great attachment of the Bernese.

Under the name Durrbacher or Durrbachler dogs, the Bernese first appear as a three-colored, recognizable breed. End of the 19. At the beginning of the twentieth century, "farm dogs" were bred specifically for the first time, having previously taken a bit of a back seat in favor of the competing St. Bernard. Under the name "Durrbacher Sennenhunde" four dogs were registered in 1904 in the Swiss pedigree book, since then the Sennenhund is considered a pedigree dog. 1913 followed the renaming in Bernese Mountain Dog. Since the 60's of the last century the breed enjoys worldwide increasing popularity and is bred in many countries.

Nature and character

In contrast to the great swiss mountain dog

It is not without ulterior motives that a Bernese Mountain Dog plays an important role in the children's show "Lowenzahn" (Dandelion). In fact, the breed is characterized by good-natured and patient nature and is well suited in dealing with children. The dogs are very obedient. Are suitable for pulling dog sports, for example. Their size and strength with forward thinking and docility are ideally suited to this sport.

The Bernese mountain dogs can also be used as rescue dogs and for tracking work. Occasionally the dogs show a "stubborn head" and are stubborn, but normally they are docile and intelligent, which is noticeable in training with quick successes.

The Bernese are very affectionate and loyal to their familiar environment. Strangers are often greeted with barking at first, but the dog hardly ever becomes aggressive. This is rather the breeding characteristic of alertness. These were needed by the breed in the past to protect "their" farm and cattle.

Husbandry and care

in contrast to the great swiss mountain dog

The main focus in the care of the Bernese Mountain Dog is the long coat and the dense undercoat. At least once a week, in the change of coat best daily, the hair should be brushed or combed. Otherwise it quickly comes to matted areas and knots. Grooming is not only a visual necessity, but prevents itching and skin diseases and promotes blood circulation in the skin. In addition, most dogs enjoy the attention from humans as well as physical contact. If the dog is already used to the grooming program as a puppy, he usually learns to appreciate it.

Regular checks of teeth and claws and occasional bathing are also part of the Bernese's health program.

Common diseases

The Bernese Mountain Dog is one of the more disease-prone dogs. The dreaded hip dysplasia occurs as well as elbow dysplasia. Malignant histiocytosis is a tumor disease that occurs almost exclusively in the Bernese Mountain Dog and is almost always fatal. Furthermore, the breed is prone to kidney disease. Overall, their life expectancy is comparatively short: it is given with six to eight years. In individual cases, a significantly higher age can be reached, even thirteen-year-old Bernese occur.

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