DiabetesWhat is diabetes?
Many people think of diabetes as a disease of affluence, but the disease existed more than 2 years ago.000 years, but much less frequently than today. Diabetes (diabetes) is a metabolic disease in which there is a permanent hyperglycemia of the blood and ties due to a deficiency or insufficient action of the sugar hormone insulin.
Diabetes has many faces – one is type 1 diabetes
Diabetes can occur at any age. In children, adolescents and young adults, it is usually the so-called type 1 diabetes. Due to a misdirected defense system of the body, the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin are destroyed. Type 1 diabetes does not come from too much snacking or "bad lifestyle". In fact, the reasons why people develop type 1 diabetes are not yet entirely clear. There are risk factors, but also still many question marks. Since the body no longer produces the hormone insulin in type 1 diabetes, those affected have to inject it regularly themselves.
What does type 2 diabetes mean??
In type 2 diabetes, the health effects are more complicated. For example, the body becomes less sensitive to insulin due to lack of exercise, obesity and various diseases. Our metabolism is still the same as it was 10 years ago.000 years. At that time, hunter-gatherers were busy all day looking for food and covered 20-30 km every day. Today, we walk an average of only 2-3 km a day. The food we eat today and the amount of food we eat every day would have been the same 10 years ago.000 years it has been a land of milk and honey. So with today's living conditions, our primeval metabolism is quickly overtaxed.
Unfortunately, type 2 diabetes is mistakenly referred to as adult-onset diabetes. That may have been true in the postwar years, when there were only about 800 diabetics in Germany.000 diabetics, almost all of whom were very old. In today's affluent society, diabetes occurs much earlier. From the 45. The disease increases significantly with age. About 7 million Germans have type 2 diabetes – and the number is rising. Unfortunately, this puts us Germans at the top of the European league in terms of diabetes incidence. Type 2 diabetes does not hurt. Therefore often remains undetected for many years. We must expect that at least 2 million Germans have type 2 diabetes – they just don't know it yet. The resulting permanent hyperglycemia causes damage to many organs. In the worst cases, it can lead to blindness, dialysis, loss of sensation in the legs or amputations. However, this form of the disease is not just about good blood glucose levels. Diabetics have a two to four times higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. "In our clinic, every 5th patient is a diabetic. patient is a diabetic, which corresponds to the national average for clinics in Germany," explains Dr. Beate Fischer, Head of the Diabetology Section at the Sana Clinics Lubeck.
What can I do to reduce my risk of type 2 diabetes??
There is nothing you can do about the diabetes risks of age and hereditary predisposition (i.e. if diabetes runs in the family). The good news is that there are many negative factors that can be influenced to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. These include obesity, "rolls of flab" on the abdomen, too little exercise, poor eating habits and too much negative stress. Unfortunately, our everyday life today is characterized by all this. It could actually be so simple: Vegetables and fruit instead of fast food, water or tea instead of soft drinks, stairs instead of elevators. If it weren't for the "inner pig dog"… It's worth the effort: Up to 70% of type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with an improved lifestyle. Thus, life changes at the beginning of the disease are more effective than any sugar tablet or insulin spike.