Lyme disease: here's what's behind the illness Justin Bieber suffers fromPlease highlight the appropriate words in the text. With just two clicks, report the error to the editor.
Getty Images/iStockphoto/royaltystockphoto/dpa/Paul Buck/epa Bacterial strain "Borrelia burgdorferi" transmits Lyme disease.
Bacterial infection with Borrelia is the most common result of a tick bite. In some areas, every second of the small arachnids carries the pathogens. They trigger (Lyme) borreliosis, which can have serious consequences.
Justin Bieber isn't the whiny pop star after all, who took an extended hiatus in the spring of 2019, has looked very bad in recent months and has been widely suspected of drug use because of it. The 25-year-old Canadian is seriously ill, as he reported on 8. January announced on Instagram: He had recently been diagnosed with Lyme disease, an infection transmitted by ticks, he said. The singer spoke in the post about his disease being "incurable" but that he is now receiving treatment and will overcome his health problems of the last two years.
Exciting, but no time right now?
Is the singer, who has often attracted attention for his eccentric behavior, perhaps exaggerating here?? Or is Lyme disease, also called Lyme disease, really that dangerous? Here are the facts:
What is Lyme disease?
It is a bacterial infection with different types of Borrelia bacteria. Carriers of the bacteria are mainly ticks. They transmit the pathogens when they pierce the skin (almost always unnoticed) to fill up with the blood of the person being stung. Affected person does not notice unless they accidentally discover the tick(s) on their skin. First symptoms of an infection become noticeable after a week at the earliest, often only after a month.
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Is there a difference between Lyme disease and Lyme borreliosis?
The terms Lyme disease and Lyme borreliosis are often used synonymously, in German usage the term Lyme disease is used less frequently. Strictly speaking, Lyme disease is the umbrella term for all infections caused by Borrelia bacteria. In the USA, the term "Lyme disease" has become established for Lyme disease – after the town of Lyme in Connecticut, where joint inflammation was first observed after tick bites in 1975. Lyme disease is transmitted by the bacterial strain "Borrelia burgdorferi". It is most commonly responsible for Lyme disease in the U.S., but other types of Borrelia are infectious in Europe as well.
How, where and when to get infected?
In Germany, every second to third tick is considered to be infected with Borrelia bacteria. Regions are affected to varying degrees. In spring and summer, the risk of infection is particularly high, for example, when someone walks with bare skin through high grass. Ticks stay in grassy areas, bushes, gardens, parks, floodplains and forests. They live rather close to the ground and climb up to 120 centimeters high on grasses and bushes. But they do not fall from trees, as it was often said in the past.
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What indicates the infection?
Lyme disease first manifests itself with the so-called wandering redness, a ring-shaped spreading skin redness around the tick bite. Other symptoms may include muscle-. Be joint pain as well as fever. The treacherous: The typical red ring does not always appear, a slight reddening of the skin is often overlooked or mistaken for a rash. Fever and pain could also fit a flu-like infection.
What are the consequences of Lyme disease?
If Lyme disease is not treated, the bacteria can cause long-term damage to the nervous system and joints. Chronic joint or nerve inflammation occurs. A late characteristic symptom is chronic skin inflammation acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA), which manifests as extensive redness.
How is Lyme disease treated?
If the disease is discovered early, it can be treated with a simple antibiotic and is over after a few days.
It becomes more difficult if the infection remains unnoticed for a long time. Nothing can be seen on the skin at first. Symptoms of fatigue, night sweats, muscle and joint pain can have many different causes. However, the doctor will only start an intravenous antibiotic therapy if the diagnosis is clear – after he has ruled out other diseases. Even with advanced disease, patients can recover completely. But it can take months.
How to protect yourself from Lyme disease?
There is no vaccination against Lyme disease. It is best to avoid tick bites. During stays in the nature protect anti-tick means, long pants, the ends of which are in the socks. After returning, the body should be searched for ticks. They prefer warm places, such as armpits, abdomen, backs of knees or groins.