Neurological diseases health topics

Neurological diseases

The term "neurological diseases" includes a large number of different diseases that affect either the central or peripheral nervous system.

Due to its complexity, it is not always possible to draw a clear line between neurological and other areas of disease – for example, of a psychological nature.

The most common neurological diseases

Headaches and migraines: While 70 % of the population suffers from episodic tension headaches, 10 – 12 % suffer from migraine, the typical features of which are often unilateral, pulsating-pounding headache attacks, loss of appetite, nausea and sensitivity to light.

Chronic back pain: 22% of women and 16% of men complain of chronic, d.h. Back pain persisting for at least three months. However, not all back pain has neurological causes.

Sleep disturbances: About 30% of the population suffer from non-restorative, disturbed sleep, which can have both neurological and psychological causes.

Brain infarction: Occlusions in blood vessels of the brain cause sudden reduced blood flow in certain brain regions. This form of stroke can be accompanied by paralysis, speech disorders and memory loss.

epilepsies: Seizures are triggered by excessive discharge of nerve cells in the brain. Involuntary behaviors-. Sensory disturbances are the result. Epilepsy is one of the most common severe neurological disorders.

Dementias: As a result of degenerative diseases of the brain, there are disturbances of memory and thinking ability. About 50 million people worldwide suffer from dementia, with Alzheimer's dementia being the most common.

Parkinson's disease: In this disease, the brain messenger dopamine is no longer produced in sufficient quantities. Typical symptoms are lack of movement, muscle rigidity and tremors.

Craniocerebral trauma and paraplegia: Traumatic brain injury is an injury to the brain. In paraplegia, the spinal cord is affected. 80% of these disorders are caused by traffic accidents. In this clinical picture, nerve cells in the brain are. Spinal cord destroyed by attacks of the own immune system on the nerve sheaths. MS usually occurs in relapses, more rarely with a chronic, gradual progression. Failures of various bodily functions accompany MS, which can lead to disability.

In a Brain hemorrhage parts of the brain are damaged by massive bleeding into the tie or die off. Cerebral hemorrhages are associated with ca. 10 % the second most common cause of stroke.

Also Brain tumors belong to the neurological diseases.

Sudeck's disease (Sudeck's disease), on the other hand, now also known as CRPS type I, is a complex syndrome that describes severe and prolonged pain in the arms and legs. It affects one or more limbs and usually occurs after external effects such as after an accident or surgery. Restrictions in movement and function are usually the result. However, since it does not necessarily occur after every injury, those affected must already have an individual disposition or. Have susceptibility to the disease. The causes of this form of the disease are not yet fully known.


Treatment options for neurological conditions are as varied as the conditions themselves, with a cure available for some conditions such as z.B. MS or Parkinson's disease is not yet possible. However, treatment methods have improved significantly compared to the past. With the help of modern medications, the course of the disease can be positively influenced in many cases. The goal of therapy must always be the restoration of bodily functions as well as the psychological processing of the disease. This can be achieved mainly with complementary therapies such as occupational therapy at the Pirawarth Clinic.

Parkinson's disease cure

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