The field of neurological diseases is wide. We would like to provide clarity. Providing valuable information. Here you will find detailed medical knowledge about the different clinical pictures and the latest research results.
From symptoms to treatment
The brain is a true marvel. At the same time, like the whole nervous system, it is very vulnerable. Malfunctions and harmful influences lead to diseases. But there has been enormous progress in the treatment. We have compiled the most important information on many neurological diseases for you on this page.
Would you like to know more about how our brain works? Learn more here.
Multiple sclerosis and brain inflammation
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Pinched nerve (carpal tunnel syndrome)
Headaches and migraines
Nerve and back pain
Neurological intensive care
Films on diseases
What is a stroke? | German Brain Foundation
What to do about Parkinson's disease? | German Brain Foundation
What is multiple sclerosis? | German Brain Foundation
What to do in case of polyneuropathy? | German Brain Foundation
What is epilepsy? | German Brain Foundation
Info sheets on diseases
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Information for affected persons and their relatives
Archive of annual reports
Technical terms A-Z
Many technical terms are often incomprehensible for non-medical people. At this point we help you to better understand the most important terms of neurological medicine. You do not find a term that should be explained here? Write to us at [email protected] We like to complete it.org and we like to complete it.
Non-invasive method to study human activity and rest cycles.
A form of memory impairment for temporal or content memories.
History of a disease. It is the professional inquiry of medically relevant information.
Aneurysms are bulges in the blood vessels. Dilatation of arteries, the development of which is favored by various factors.
vascular imaging with the help of X-rays and contrast medium.
disturbance of speech formation or. of speech comprehension, z. B. as a result of a stroke.
Medical term for a sudden disturbance of blood flow to an organ or region of the body. In medical colloquial language, the term is now often used as a synonym for a stroke.
Disturbance of learned voluntary and orderly movements with intact motor function, v.a. in the area of facial expressions, speech and gestures.
Generic term for various disorders of movement coordination.
Refers to a comparative analysis with a fixed reference value.
Electrical resistance measurement on the human body.
Surgical procedure for removing and examining a small amount of tie from a living organism. The removed tie is examined under the microscope.
Trade name for botulinum toxin, also botulism toxin, botulinus toxin, botulin. Collective term for seven very similar neurotoxic proteins. In neurology, botulinum toxin has been used as an approved drug since the early 1980s, primarily in the treatment of specific movement disorders.
Blood sedimentation rate is also called blood cell sedimentation rate. It indicates how fast the red blood cells of a blood sample sink within one hour in a special tube.
Computed tomography of the skull; see: CT.
Concerning the area of the brain.
Relating to the blood vessels of the brain, in a broader sense also relating to cerebral perfusion.
Form of ventilation in sleep apnea syndrome.
Imaging procedure in which the examined body region is irradiated layer by layer and the final result can be assessed and evaluated on a computer.
Recording of the flow velocity curve of a specific vessel.
Differential diagnosis denotes diseases with similar or. almost identical symptoms, which must also be considered by the physician as possible causes of the patient's complaints in addition to the actual suspected diagnosis.
Hemorrhage between individual tie layers forming the vessel wall, resulting in obstruction of the vessel. This can lead to clot formation. leading to a stroke.
Ultrasound method for the examination of vessels.
Imaging ultrasound procedure for the examination of organic tie.
Collective term for disorders of speech caused by damage to the brain, cranial nerves or muscles.
Describes a disorder of the swallowing act usually as a result of paralysis of the pharyngeal and esophageal muscles.
Examination of the heart by means of ultrasound.
A method of medical diagnosis for measuring the summed electrical activity of the brain by recording voltage fluctuations on the surface of the head.
Registration of the sum of electrical activities of all cardiac muscle fibers.
A branch of neurophysiology dealing with electrochemical signal transmission in the nervous system.
Detection of blood clots in the blood stream by means of ultrasound.
electrophysiological method of diagnostics in neurology, in which electrical muscle activity is measured with needles. The observation of body cavities. hollow organs with the aid of an endoscope. Measurement of electrical activity. Conduction of nerves.
A medical examination method that can be used to test the conductivity and thus the functionality of nerve tracts.
A special cardiac catheterization procedure to record conduction in the heart.
Aims to restore lost physical functions, with the goal of promoting the patient's autonomy and independence. Combination of ultrasound imaging of tie ("black and white image"). Color-coded Doppler sonography (blood flow measurement).
Video endoscopic examination of the swallowing process.
Medical examination method of the upper part of the digestive tract, colloquially called gastroscopy.
geriatric medicine resp. -HEALING.
Regulates the gradual return to work due to incapacity for work caused by illness.
The paralysis of one half of the body, z. B. due to a stroke or brain injury.
A form of stroke, also called ischemic stroke. Triggered by reduced blood flow (ischemia) to the brain due to arteriosclerosis of the arterial vessels in the brain or clots from the heart.
Immunosuppressants are substances that decrease the functions of the immune system.
In medicine, refers to any active form of treatment, including both therapeutic and preventive measures.
Interventional procedures refer to examinations and treatments in which special instruments are inserted into the body.
Tie-injuring medical diagnostics or therapeutics. Means "the heart. Concerning the vascular system". Directly recognizable symptoms. Complaints of the patient.
Reductions in mental performance, e.g. B. reduced attention, concentration disorders or increased forgetfulness.
Disease or disorders present in addition to an underlying disease that can be diagnosed and distinguished from one another.
Refers to the removal of parts of the skull bone due to increased prere in the skull, z. B. due to acute bleeding, inflammation or tumors. Extraction of cerebrospinal fluid. Whose evaluation.
Condition in which a person is completely paralyzed while maintaining consciousness, but can make himself understood through eye movements.
Voice and speech therapy, swallowing treatment.
Drug therapy to dissolve a blood clot.
A high-resolution imaging technique using magnetic fields. It is used for pathological changes in a wide variety of organs.
Multimodal is a treatment or examination program consisting of various individual elements.
Muscle contraction due to mechanical stimulation by means of a reflex hammer.
Branch of radiology that includes the diagnosis and therapy of diseases and changes in the nervous system. Examination of nerves. muscles by ultrasound.
Damaging the nervous system. The vascular system of brain. spinal cord.
Refers to procedures in medicine in which devices do not enter the body.
Indicates how fast electrical impulses are transmitted along a nerve fiber.
Technical recording of eye movements.
Refers to the supply of blood to organs or parts of organs, colloquially blood circulation.
Summarizes medical treatments based on physical methods.
A physiotherapeutic treatment method.
Diagnostic procedure for measuring physiological functions of sleep.
Permanent constriction of a channel or opening in the body, v.a. of the vessels, heart valves or bile ducts.
Is a specialized ward created just for stroke patients. There, patients can be treated more quickly. More effectively treated.