Morbus ParkinsonYou are looking for an experienced Parkinson specialist? Here you will find exclusively medical experts, clinics and rehabilitation clinics for Parkinson's disease treatment in Germany, Austria and Switzerland as well as information on causes, therapy, Parkinson's disease rehab.
List of doctors for Parkinson's disease
Prof. Dr. med. Joachim Oertel
Prof. Dr. med. Andreas Raabe
Prof. Dr. med. Veit Rohde
Prof. Dr. med. Martin Scholz
Prof. Dr. med. Dr. h.c. Uwe Spetzger
Univ.-Prof. Dr. med. Peter A. Winkler
Information about Parkinson's disease
What is Parkinson's disease?
Parkinson's disease (or Parkinson's syndrome, colloquially usually "Parkinson's") is a chronic disease affecting the motor nervous system. It is characterized by a progressive loss of nerve cells. Affected are the cells of the so-called. Substantia nigra, an area in the brain that appears dark due to its high iron and melanin content. These cells synthesize the neurotransmitter (a chemical "messenger") dopamine. Present in sufficient quantities, dopamine ensures the transmission of a stimulus from the brain to the muscles and is thus responsible for movements. If not enough dopamine is produced, the symptoms characteristic of Parkinson's disease develop.
The cardinal symptoms of Parkinson's disease are hypo- or akinesia (lack of movement or complete immobility), rigor (increased tension of the muscles), Tremor (tremor) and reduced body stability. However, these usually appear at a relatively late stage.
Early in the course of the disease, symptoms are usually nonspecific and include, for example, fatigue, tension, Sleep disorders and constipation. Over time, the motor system is increasingly affected. Initially, affected individuals have difficulty performing fine motor activities, then gait and facial expressions change.
What are the causes of Parkinson's disease??
Parkinson's disease is an "idiopathic" disease, which means that the exact cause is not known. It usually occurs after the age of 60. The most common form of Parkinson's disease occurs at the age of. Men are affected about equally often.
Studies show that there are other, related diseases besides Parkinson's disease, which can be inherited in families. However, these are not nearly as common.
How is the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease made?
The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical tests. For this purpose, the neurologist examines the patient's motor function and asks him and his relatives in detail whether they have noticed any complaints (such as problems with fine motor activities, pain or tension). In the next step, the brain is examined using imaging techniques (CT and MRI). This also serves to rule out other diseases that can cause neurological disorders.
Parkinson's disease is always treated with medication. The starting point of the medication is the deficient neurotransmitter dopamine. The concentration of dopamine in the brain can be increased, its degradation slowed down and the messenger substances that have an effect opposite to that of dopamine reduced by means of various active substances.
Treatment may be supported by physical therapy or exercise. The aim is to maintain the ability to perform everyday movements.
Surgical therapy: brain pacemaker for Parkinson's disease
If the medication does not provide sufficient relief, the so-called "life expectancy" of Parkinson's disease can be reduced Deep brain stimulation are used. This relatively new procedure involves placing a small electrode in the brain and using electrical impulses to inhibit specific brain regions that produce neurotransmitters opposite to dopamine. This leads to a more balanced concentration of both neurotransmitters.
Rehabilitation in a Parkinson's rehab clinic focuses on improving daily independence in activities such as eating, drinking, cutting food, walking, communication skills and writing. Multimodal therapy consists of an individualized training program that targets cognitive, neuropsychiatric, sleep, autonomic, and sensory dysfunctions.
Life expectancy in Parkinson's disease
If Parkinson's disease is diagnosed early and the patient is well treated with medication, the life expectancy is about the same as that of a healthy person. However, this disease is not yet curable.
Which doctors and clinics are Parkinson specialists?
People suffering from Parkinson's disease want the best medical care for themselves. Therefore, the patient asks himself, where can I find the best Parkinson's clinic in Germany or Switzerland?? Neurologists are the right specialists in Parkinson's disease for diagnosis and drug therapy. The implantation of a brain pacemaker is performed by specialists in neurosurgery. To optimally support Parkinson's patients in their daily lives. inpatient complex treatment in a Parkinson's clinic can be useful.
We help you find an expert for your disease. All listed doctors and clinics have been checked by us for their outstanding specialization in the field of Parkinson's disease and are waiting for your inquiry or your treatment request.