Poodle dog breed with picture info temperament characteristics and facts

The poodle is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. He almost occupies a special position and it is hard to believe how opinions differ about him: For his lovers, he is the most intelligent and loyal dog ever. For other people, it is the epitome of the humanized, artificial lap animal.

In Germany, the poodle is no longer the fashionable dog it was in the 1950s. Today, relatively few younger people or families opt for a poodle. Its image as a companion for older, single ladies puts many people off – wrongly so.

The medium-sized and large poodles are sporty, happy dogs that are easy to train and usually free of aggression. Toypoodles are only limited suitable for the turbulent everyday life with small children, because they are very tender and sometimes also quite jumpy.

Especially the smaller ones can become very barky if they are not put in their place from an early age. Poodles are up for any kind of mischief. Do almost every leisure activity with. They are usually very fixated on their owners, but with proper socialization they are also friendly and open-minded towards other people. Also scrappiness is not a typical characteristic. Actually, it would be time to help the poodle make a comeback as a family dog. Especially the large poodle leads a shadowy existence, which this smart, affectionate and pleasant dog does not deserve.

Coat care is one of the few breed-specific points that you should think about before you buy a dog. A visit to the dog salon every six weeks or learning the art of shearing including the purchase of the not cheap utensils is a must with the poodle.

Unkempt poodles become matted in a very short time and this not only looks ugly, but also leads very quickly to skin diseases, parasite infestation and a penetrating stench. Many a poodle has ended up as a bedraggled, pitiful bundle because its owner was in over his head with grooming.

The Poodle is known to have quite a few diseases, but this is partly due to its numerically high prevalence. With its high average age of 13 years and the many lively and healthy representatives until old age, it is one of the longest-lived breeds of all.

Some poodles suffer from certain metabolic disorders such as diabetes or adrenal hyperfunction. Often this is likely to be due to faulty husbandry and diet (overfeeding, sweets). The smaller strokes are prone to tartar. In white and apricot Toy and Miniature Poodles, blocked tear ducts can lead to ugly brown tear ducts under the eyes. Also ear infections occur in the Poodle again and again and sometimes become chronic.

So, in addition to coat care, regular inspection and cleaning of the ears, eyes and teeth, as well as a healthy diet that is not too rich, is essential to keep the Poodle fit and healthy for many years to come.


– If you spoil your poodle and don't train it, it will quickly see itself as the alpha dog of the family. This is especially the case with the smaller varieties – the miniature and dwarf poodles – which are more often coddled and not trained. Teach your dog good manners and then hair him to carry them out; this shows him that you are the leader of the pack. – To keep the mind of your, naturally intelligent and playful, Poodle active, obedience training is essential. A Poodle that needs to think and learn is not bored and therefore will not try to fight its boredom in destructive ways. To make the coat of a poodle beautiful. Healthy to keep it needs a lot of care. Most Poodle owners take their dog to a professional groomer every three or six weeks. If you want to save money on the groomer, you can also learn to do the grooming yourself, but it will take time and effort. – Poodles have a watery eye that can soak the surrounding fur. To limit this, gently wipe the face daily with an alcohol-free, pet wipe, or washcloth, soaked in warm water. – To get a healthy dog, never buy from an irresponsible breeder, a mass breeder, or a pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests their breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that could be passed on to the puppies and that they have solid characters.


Intelligent, loving, loyal and mischievous are four words Poodle lovers use to describe his personality. Likewise, the Poodle is known for its dignified demeanor, which its fans describe as what the Poodle is all about. It is difficult to describe, but very easy to recognize in the dog. Besides its regal appearance, the Poodle also has a silly streak. Loves to play – he always participates in any game. He also likes people very much. Always wants to please them. Combine that with his legendary intelligence, and you have a highly trainable dog.

A good poodle that has been taught dog manners has a calm disposition, especially if it gets regular exercise to dissipate its natural energy. Some owners and breeders believe that the smaller toy and miniature poodles are slightly more nervous than the standard; however, other breeders and owners do not agree with this theory.

The Poodle defends his home and family and when strangers approach the house, he lets you know with a warning bark. And although he is very affectionate with his family, it takes him a while to thaw out with strangers.

An exceptional characteristic of the poodle is its intelligence. Often said to be as smart as a human, it is immensely clever and amazes its owners. Of course, living with smart dogs can be difficult. They learn quickly – good habits and bad – and they remember everything.


Poodles are i.d.R. healthy, but like all breeds, they are also susceptible to certain diseases. Not all poodles get one, or all, of these diseases, but it is important to know them if you are considering getting a poodle.

When you buy a puppy, you should find a good breeder who can show you health certificates for both puppy parents. Health certificates testify that the dog has been tested for certain diseases and has been cleared of them.

For Poodles, expect to see health certificates from the Orthopaedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dyslapsia (with a rating between adequate and better), elbow dyslapsia, hypothyroidism, and Willebrand-Jurgens syndrome; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) Certificates that the eyes are normal. You can learn more by checking the OFA website (offa.org)

Confirm health certificates. Addison's disease: Also known as hypoadrenocorticism, this extremely serious disease results from insufficient production of hormones by the adrenal gland. Most dogs with Addison's disease vomit, have a low appetite and are lethargic.

Since these symptoms are vague and can also indicate other diseases, it often happens that the disease is diagnosed at a later stage. More serious signs occur when the dog is stressed or his potassium level rises enough to affect his heart function, leading to serious shock and death. If Addison's is suspected, your veterinarian will run a variety of tests to confirm the diagnosis.

Gastric torsionOften referred to as bloat, this life-threatening condition affects large dogs with a deep chest, such as poodles, especially if they eat only one large meal a day, eat quickly, drink large amounts of water, or exercise excessively after eating. Bloat occurs when the stomach is distended, or filled with air, and spins around.

The dog is unable to regurgitate or vomit to rid itself of excess air in its stomach, and blood flow to the heart is also impeded. Blood prere drops and the dog goes into shock. Without immediate medical treatment, the dog may die.

Expect a turned stomach if your dog has a distended belly, drools an enormous amount, and retches without vomiting. He might also be restless, depressed, lethargic and weak, as well as have a fast heartbeat. If you notice these symptoms, take your dog to the vet immediately.

Cushings DiseaseThis disease occurs when the body produces too much cortisol. This may be due to an imbalance of the pituitary or adrenal glands, or it may occur when a dog has too much cortisol due to other diseases.

Common signs include excessive drinking and urination. If your poodle shows either of these symptoms, take him to the vet. There are treatment options for this condition, including surgery and medication.

Epilepsy: A common cause of seizures in all variations of poodles is idopathic epilepsy. It is often inherited and can cause mild or severe seizures that may appear to cause the dog to behave abnormally (running around frantically as if being chased, staggering, or hiding),or it may collapse, stiffen limbs, and lose consciousness.

Seizures are hard to watch, but the long-term prognosis for dogs with this disease is very good. It is important to know that seizures can also be triggered by other diseases, such as metabolic disorders, infectious diseases affecting the brain, tumors, poisoning, serious head injuries and others. So, if your Poodle is having seizures, you need to present your dog to the vet to get an accurate diagnosis and get the right treatment.

Hip dysplasiaWhen the acetabulum is poorly formed, or the ligaments are loose enough to allow the ball of the femur to slide partially out of the acetabulum, this is called dysplasia. Canine hip dysplasia is a hereditary disease in which the environmental factors at times play a major role in development.

Over time, the joint degenerates, which can lead to arthritis and pain, even paralysis. Obesity, excessive or very long exercise before maturity, a rapid growth rate, and high caloric or supplemental diets can contribute to the development of canine hip dyslapsia.Veterinary treatments include nutritional supplements, medication and, in some cases, surgery.

Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is caused by an underactive thyroid gland. It is believed to cause epilepsy, hair loss, obesity, lethargy, hyperpigmentation, pyoderma and other skin conditions.

Legg-Perthes disease: This is another disease that affects the hip joint. Many toy breeds are prone to this condition. If your poodle has Legg-Perthes, the blood supply to the head of the femur (the large back bone of the leg) is restricted and the head of the femur, which is connected to the pelvis, begins to deteriorate.

Usually, the first signs, limping and atrophy of the leg muscle, occur between 4. and 6. month of life. The condition can be corrected surgically, trimming the diseased femur so that it no longer attaches to the pelvis. The resulting scar tie creates a false joint and the puppy is usually pain free.

Patellar luxation: The patella is the kneecap. Dislocation describes the displacement of an anatomical part (like a bone at a joint). Patellar luxation occurs when the knee joint (often on the hind legs) keeps moving out of place, causing pain. This can cause crippling, but many dogs live relatively normal lives with the disease.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)PRA belongs to the family of eye diseases that cause gradual deterioration of the retina. Dogs in the early stages of the disease become blind at night. As the disease progresses, they also lose their daytime vision. Many affected dogs adapt very well to their reduced vision as long as their environment remains the same.

Hypoplasia of the optic nerveThis disease is a congenital failure of the development of the optic nerve. It causes blindness and abnormal pupil reaction in the affected eye.

SebadenitisSebadenitis is a serious problem for Poodles, especially Standard Poodles. It is estimated that 50 percent of all standard poodles are carriers, or even affected themselves. This hereditary disease is difficult to diagnose and is often mistaken for hypothyroidism, allergies, or another disease.

When a dog has sebadenitis, the sebaceous glands of the house become inflamed for unknown reasons and are eventually completely destroyed. These glands produce sebum, an oily secretion that keeps the skin from drying out. The disease is often first seen between 1. and 5. Noticed at the age of two.

Affected dogs typically have dry, scaly skin and hair loss on the head, neck and back. Severely affected dogs may have thickened skin and an unpleasant odor, as well as secondary skin infections. Even though the problem is primarily cosmetic, it can be uncomfortable for the dog. Your veterinarian will perform a biopsy of the skin if sebadenitis is suspected. Treatment options vary.

Willebrand-Jurgens syndromeThis is an inherited blood disorder that prevents the blood from clotting. The main symptom is excessive bleeding after an injury or surgery. Other symptoms include nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or bleeding in the stomach and other intestines.

There is no cure and a blood transfusion from healthy dogs is currently the only means of treatment. Other forms of treatment are being researched, including medication. Most dogs with Willebrand-Jurgens syndrome can lead normal lives. A veterinarian can test your dog for the disease. Dogs with this disease should not be used for breeding.


Poodles are comfortable in any type of housing, from apartments to country estates, as long as they get regular exercise and plenty of human companionship. They prefer to live in the house with their family, especially the smaller toy and miniature poodles, as they have no problem to let their souls dangle there.

This intelligent breed learns quickly, but owners should be careful: it's just as easy to accidentally teach the poodle bad habits as good ones, so if you're a novice dog owner, sign up with a dog training school. This also applies to toy and miniature poodles. Many owners of small dogs skip training and end up with a misbehaving dog.

Dogs coat colors

Solid black, white, chestnut, gray (silver) and apricot; New colors (recognized only in Germany): black tan, black and white pied (harlequin) and red.

The Poodle is a non-hairy breed and a good choice for people with allergies. Many allergic people can keep poodles completely symptom-free.

The coat can be many colors, including blue, black, white, gray, silver, brown, milk coffee, apricot, and cream. Hair is curly, wiry, and dense, and this unique texture can be trimmed, clipped, groomed, shaved, and otherwise manipulated into all sorts of fantastic shapes.

If your dog competes in the show ring, however, you can't give him wild styling; the American Kennel Club allows four specific clip styles for Poodles in conformation competitions.

Grooming a poodle is not for the faint of heart. The poodle is a very high maintenance dog. He needs regular grooming, every three to six weeks, sometimes more often, to keep the coat in good condition. If you want to have a poodle, consider the need for coat care and the cost of its maintenance.

Nevertheless you should not be afraid. The coat can be styled in a variety of ways to facilitate its maintenance. Many owners even shave it off.

Simpler grooming, however, doesn't mean it can go without grooming altogether. Even if clipped short, your poodle still needs to be brushed, bathed and trimmed every three to six weeks, sometimes more often, to keep the coat clean, short and tangle-free.

Most owners pay a professional groomer, but insofar as you are dedicated and have the time, you can learn to groom the poodle yourself. You will need good electric clippers and blades, good quality scissors, a brush, comb, claw trimmer, and a good book or video on grooming – there are many available for purchase, especially for poodle owners.

Even if you hire a professional to do the complicated stuff, your poodle still needs to be brushed daily. Since Poodles don't shed like other breeds, loose hair collects in the coat and if it's not brushed out daily, it tangles very quickly.

Many poodles have weepy eyes that stain the hair under the eyes. The lighter your Poodle's coat is, the more noticeable the tear stains will be. To reduce staining you should wipe the area around the eyes daily, with an alcohol-free pet wipe, or a washcloth moistened with warm water.

Check your Poodle's ears weekly for dirt, redness and bad odor, which can be signs of infection, then wipe them out gently, weekly, with a moistened cotton ball. The cotton swab should be moistened with PH neutral ear cleaner. How to avoid problems early on.

Breeds with drooping ears are prone to infections because the ear canal is always dark and moist. Also, hair grows in the ear canal of the poodle. Sometimes this hair needs to be plucked. Ask your groomer or veterinarian if this is necessary for your dog.

Brush your poodle's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar and bacteria. Daily brushing is even better if you want to avoid gingivitis and bad breath.

Trim claws once or twice a month if your dog does not wear them down naturally. If you hear the claws clacking on the ground, then they are too long. Short, well-trimmed nails will keep paws in good condition and prevent your legs from being scratched by the Poodle when he joyfully jumps up to greet you.

Start getting your Poodle used to being brushed and examined when he is still a puppy. Touch his paws often – dogs are sensitive on their paws – and look in his mouth.

While grooming, look for sores, rashes, and signs of infection, such as redness, tenderness, or skin infections, in the nose, mouth, and eyes.

The eyes should be clear, not reddened and free of secretions. Your careful weekly examination can help detect potential health problems early on.

Children And Other Animals

The poodle is a wonderful companion for children, but children who do not know how to handle a dog could accidentally injure a toy poodle, it is the smallest and most delicate variety of the breed.

As with any breed, always explain to children how to approach and handle the dog, and also monitor any interaction between dogs and young children to avoid biting, pulling ears and tails – from both sides.

Teach your child never to disturb a dog while it is eating or sleeping, or to try to take away its food. No dog, no matter how friendly, should ever be left alone with a child unsupervised.

Poodles that grow up with – or have many opportunities to interact with – other dogs and animals in the house, z.B. At dog school, the dog park, and so on – enjoy their companionship.

If your poodle is used to being the only animal in the household, it may take a while, and possibly special training, to get him used to a newcomer.


The Poodle is one of the oldest breeds, bred specifically to hunt waterfowl. Most historians agree that the poodle originated in Germany, but was developed into its own breed in France.

Many believe that the breed is the result of crossbreeding between various European water dogs, including the Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Hungarian and Russian water dogs.

Other historians think that one of the ancestors of the Poodle is the North African Babet, which was imported to the Pyrenean Peninsula. The breed then reached Gaul, where it was used for hunting.

In addition, there is a belief that poodles descended from Asian herding dogs and then traveled with the clans of Germanic Goths and Ostrogoths, eventually becoming a German water dog. Another theory is that the Poodle descended from the dogs brought from the Asian steppes by the North African Berbers and then, in the 8th century, made their way with the pagans. Century, found their way with the pagans to Portugal.

No matter where it comes from, this breed is very old. Illustrations of poodle-like dogs adorn artifacts and tombs in Egypt and Rome, as early as the first centuries v.C.

The drawings and statues show dogs that look very much like modern poodles, hauling in nets, herding animals, and driving game in from the marshes.

Although some say that the miniature and toy poodle came into existence shortly after the standard poodle, many believe that breeders began breeding smaller versions of the poodle – first the miniature, then the toy poodle – to please the citizens of Paris only after 1400. The toy and miniature varieties were created by breeding small small poodles, not by breeding poodles with smaller breeds.

The French use the larger standard poodle for duck hunting and the medium-sized miniature poodle for sniffing out truffles in the woods. The tiny toy poodle, on the other hand, served as a companion to the aristocracy and the wealthy merchant class. Wealthy owners in the Renaissance often carried their Poodles in their large shirt sleeves, which gave them the name "sleeve dogs" got.

Gypsies and traveling artists found that Poodles were also excellent in another canine sport: as a circus dog. They taught the poodles tricks, dressed them up, and molded their fur into fantastic shapes that added to their stage presence. Wealthy patrons noticed this and began to trim, decorate and even dye their own poodles.

In 1874 the Kennel Club in England registered its first Poodle, the first British Club for Poodles was founded two years later. It is not certain when Poodles arrived in the U.S., but the American Kennel Club registered its first Poodle in 1886. The Poodle Club of America was founded in 1896, but disbanded shortly thereafter. Poodle lovers revived the club in 1931.

Until after the 2. After World War II poodles were very rare in the USA. By the 1950s, however, the poodle had become the most popular breed in the country, a position it retained for more than 20 years.

Temperament / Activity

Poodle-like dogs were companions of noble ladies already in ancient times. From the age of 16. Jh. they are often found on paintings of great masters. They were extremely popular in the Baroque and Rococo periods. They are descended from the old water dogs, which formed many breeds of hunting and herding dogs.

Once, as today, poodles were trained for the circus and used for truffle hunting. The versatility and adaptability of the Poodle, the fact that it does not shed hair, and the manageable size made it the preferred companion dog.

Since the 50s, in addition to the so-called standard shearing with lion's mane and shorn hindquarters, the new shearing prevailed, the poodle experienced a meteoric boom. Especially the small and dwarf ones were marketed.

The Caniche is an intelligent, affectionate, responsive, playful to old age, easily trainable companion that causes few problems. He must be clipped every 8 weeks or so and combed daily to keep looking pretty. He is alert, but not aggressive and not a yapper. He is neutral towards strangers. He loves long walks, does not tend to poach and is compatible with conspecifics.

The list of prominent poodle lovers is endless, from Charlemagne to Madame Pompadour, Beethoven, who wrote an elegy on the death of his poodle, Helmut Schon, Gracia Patricia, Maria Callas, Anneliese Rothenberger and many others.

Poodles come in four sizes (Small Poodle, Dwarf Poodle, Toy Poodle), different colors and coatings. The large is an easily trainable, docile companion dog, he proved himself in the war in the use as a sanitary and reporting dog, often still shows hunting dog disposition, but poaches very rarely and protects his family and their property.

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