The "Diabetes" Diabetes can also affect dogs. But with the right Therapy and commitment on the part of the owner diabetes dogs can lead a completely normal life. Learn here what diabetes means for the dog and how to treat the disease together with your veterinarian.
What is diabetes in dogs?
Diabetes mellitus is a Metabolic disease, The metabolism of dogs is similar to that of humans. In a healthy body, the pancreas produces Insulin. This hormone transports the sugar from the blood to the body cells, which results energy gain. After a meal the Insulin levels to break down the sugar it contains appropriately. With diabetes, this insulin mechanism no longer functions properly. As a result, the glucose contained in the food does not enter the cells, but remains in the blood. The blood sugar level rises. The body lacks energy and the animals lose weight during the course of the disease.
As in humans, there are also in dogs Different types of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes means that the dog does not produce enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs only very rarely in dogs. In this form, sufficient insulin is present, but the body cannot recognize it. In this case, experts speak of Insulin resistance. In addition, there are some diseases in dogs that lead to diabetes symptoms. – To these Type 3 diabetes forms count the Cushing's Syndrome, hypothyroidism or Diabetes during pregnancy.
Risk: Why do dogs get diabetes?
Play frequently genetic factors a role. Some Breeds is more likely to suffer from diabetes than others. This clearly includes the Samoyed. Breeds such as poodles, dachshunds and Labrador retrievers are also thought to have a tendency to diabetes. However, it is not clear to what extent the more frequent cases of diabetes are related to the popularity of these breeds. Also the sex has an influence on the risk of diabetes in the dog: Bitches suffer from diabetes more often than male dogs. Similar to humans have overweight dog, who do little exercise, a higher risk of diabetes than normal-weight. Most four-legged friends fall ill in the advanced age.
Symptoms: How to recognize diabetes in dogs
If you observe these symptoms in your dog over several days, diabetes is suspected:
thirstand correspondingly frequent urination – more Hunger, although the dog decreases
– small wounds heal more slowly
Fatigue up to apathy – late consequence: clouding of the eye lens – Cataract
In addition, diabetic dogs may have a life-threatening ketoacidosis occur. Thereby the whole metabolism out of balance.
If your dog has lost his appetite, vomits, has abdominal pain and is apathetic: Search with him a veterinarian as soon as possible At.
Also hypoglycemia in the context of an insulin therapy can be life-threatening. Untreated diabetes is fatal.
diabetes therapy for dogs
The good news is that most dogs with diabetes can eat a normal age reach. The slightly worse news is that diabetes therapy requires vs a lot of time and commitment on the part of the dog owner. If your dog has been diagnosed with diabetes, the disease will affect your daily routine, especially in the first few weeks.
But first things first: Anyone who suspects that his dog has diabetes should visit with him the Veterinarian. After confirmation of the diagnosis by a Blood work and possibly a urine examination Insulin prescribe. This must the animal owner in the future inject every day. However, it often takes weeks or months for the correct insulin dose fixed. It is therefore important to blood sugar profile of the dog to create. This means the dog owner measures blood sugar several times a day and document the results in writing. Here's how the vet can find out how long and how much insulin is working. Too little insulin does not bring improvement, too much can lead to life-threatening hypoglycemia. After consultation with the veterinarian, the dog owner adjusts the Insulin dose at.
It makes more sense than a once daily insulin dose twice daily injections. This is the Blood sugar balance of the dog is more balanced, since insulin is effective for a maximum of 14 hours. The dog gets twice daily feed before insulin administration.
Also when feeding is Discipline asked: you should always keep approximately the gsame time and keep the Do not change food.
Because another composition can mean that the laboriously adjusted sugar metabolism messed up device. The food should a lot of raw fiber include. A low carbohydrate content seems to be less important in dogs than in cats, according to previous findings. Discipline is also with snacks. Treats needed: Rewarding with treats harms the dog. Reward your four-legged friend rather with a Play, Petting or reach – rarely – to freeze-dried snacks from pure meat.
What is the cost of diabetes treatment in dogs?
Diabetes therapy in dogs is expensive. Because you need daily insulin and especially at the beginning of the disease many test strips, until the blood sugar is adjusted.
Including diagnosis at the vet can already be given in the first month a few hundred euros be due. Then the monthly costs upwards to around 50.
Due to the Cataracts as a late consequence of diabetes, a high percentage of diabetic dogs go blind despite good adjustment with insulin. A possible Eye surgery is again associated with costs. Do not be afraid to measure sugar. Insulin injections in dogs!Blood glucose monitoring and injections seem impossible to you? No fear! Thousands of pet owners have made it before you – you can also! Blood glucose testing can be tricky at first, as you need a certain amount of blood for the device to kick in. For your dog it is only a little prick. Tip: Prick the dog on outer edge of the ear. Warm the ear beforehand, for example with the mentioned Cherry pit pillow or one Ear massage. Heat stimulates the Blood circulation on, whereby a blood droplet forms more easily.
The injection will Show vet. It is best if you are allowed to practice with saline solution under the eyes of the veterinarian in the veterinary practice. Reach courageously into a small Bacon fold and inject insulin into them. Your dog will hardly notice. Always remember: your tension is transmitted to your animal – as is your confidence. Radiate calm.
Is diabetes in dogs curable?
In the case of feline diabetes, a change in lifestyle – a change in diet, a reduction in excess weight, more exercise – can bring about a Remission occur. That means: the cat needs – for the time being – no more insulin. In dogs this is almost never the case. An exception can be female dogs, which during their cycle have a "Diabetes in heat" develop and quickly get treatment.
If you have a dog suffering from diabetes, this usually means a lifelong therapy. However, with good quality of life.
Therefore, do not lose heart if you are diagnosed with diabetes! After a few weeks, the Diabetes management to everyday life and hopefully you can still give your four-legged friend give your dog a good time.