The closer the end of the school years at the Gymnasium approaches, the more the question arises: And now what? Many a person experiences uncertainty in this phase of life and asks himself many questions about how to proceed now.
This of course also includes the Question of vocational orientation: Do I want to be a teacher? Do I want to go into business? How about lawyer? Or should I sign up for military service after all??
This list could be continued forever.
Even if you have successfully passed an entrance or final examination and have a permanent job in your pocket, it is still not clear in which direction your future will develop.
Where will I be in 20 years? Under what conditions will I teach? How much will I earn . The professional life makes about 40 years of our existence. Requires not infrequently years of study – there one should not take anything lightly.
All those for whom the teaching profession is also a vocation should therefore be aware of the Opportunities for development and career advancement Think about it.
And who knows – maybe also about how private tutoring looks like .
How do I actually become a teacher??
The prerequisite for becoming a teacher in Germany is the Completing a teaching degree.
This study is regulated differently from state to state, because teacher training is the responsibility of the states in this country.
While in Bavaria or Hesse you can complete your studies with the 1. State examination completes, one attains in Thuringia or North-Rhine/Westphalia at the end of the academic degree of the "Master of Education".
You can study at either a university, a university of education, or a university of the arts or a university of sports.
In order to be able to take up teaching studies at all, there are certain Admission restrictionsThe Abitur average as well as if necessary. an aptitude test, language tests and orientation internships.
To become a teacher in Germany, you need a university degree. | Source: Pixabay
But a successfully completed degree is still not enough to become a teacher.
After 1. State examination or. Master follows a 18 to 24 months of legal clerkship, the 2. state examination.
As Referendar you earn by the way approx. 1.000 euros gross per month and you are "civil servant on revocation" until the end of your traineeship.
Only then do you apply for advertised teaching positions. Some teachers are taken on directly after their traineeship, but this depends on the needs of the school.
But how can you professional development, Once you've landed a position?
Learn more about this in the next section or discover how you can start tutoring today!
What career opportunities do I have as a teacher?
Good career prospects for the next generation exist in Germany, especially for vocational school teachers for technical subjects as well as for teachers of the so-called STEM subjects and Latin.
Overall, there is currently an acute shortage of teachers in Germany, which is why even career changers and lateral entrants sometimes have good chances of becoming teachers at the moment.
The less good news? Once you've landed a job as a teacher, the chances of advancement are quite limited. As a young teacher, you often have to wait until an older colleague retires.
Depending on the type of school, there are different development opportunities for teachers.
At Hauptschulen and Realschulen, promotion opportunities are rare, as there are fewer management and coordination positions here. Vocational school teachers usually have a better chance of obtaining a management position – and therefore more money.
Compared to other types of schools, there are High schools more "rungs on the career ladder", after all, here you usually need more coordination and organization staff. Accordingly Career prospects rosier.
Teachers at the Gymnasium have the best prospects for promotion. | Source: Pixabay
Thus, the possibilities for professional development differ considerably depending on the school and its respective needs.
In North Rhine-Westphalia, for example, there are for a high school principal the following Promotion stages:
Study council: z. B. High school teacher Senior lecturer: z. B. Responsible for the coordination of student exchange programs or subject leader (spokesperson of a department; organizational and administrative tasks, etc.) Director of Studies: z. B. Seminar leader who, in addition to normal teaching duties, is responsible for supervising student teachers and coordinating their tasks Oberstudiendirektor: principal or deputy principal of a high school
Each of these functions corresponds to a different grade, so by being promoted you can also improve your earnings (see more on this in the next chapter).
However, it is important to realize that promotion is usually accompanied by reduced teaching time because of increased organizational responsibilities.
Incidentally, salaried teachers usually have fewer prospects of promotion, since (with the exception of Berlin and Saxony, where teachers are no longer civil servants) positions with management responsibility are usually reserved for civil servants are.
This brings us to the next topic: the difference between civil servants and employees in the teaching profession and the impact on salaries.
Salary and status differences for teachers
As already mentioned, we distinguish between Officials and teachers than public sector employees. Whether, how and when one has prospect of a Verbeamtung, regulates each Land itself.
The civil servant status
With a permanent position you may get. the offer of tenure for life. Basically, one must meet the following criteria to be considered for a civil service career:
– An academic Teaching degree and a successfully completed clerkship, – A civil service Leadership without criminal record, – A certain Seniority, – A doctor's certificate of health suitability. What do salaried employees earn. Civil servant teachers?Not only the chances of promotion are usually more promising for civil servants, also in terms of income they are better off. In general, however, it must be said that teachers in Germany earn good salaries by international standards.
The gross salary of civil servants is similar to that of salaried teachers.
However, they pay No pension, nursing care or unemployment insurance coverage; say, they have net more left over. In addition to the lower salaries, there are also Privileges such as permanency and allowances for own children.
Civil servants receive what is known as "pay", while salaried employees receive remuneration, which is regulated by the collective agreement of the Lander (TV-L).
There are different pay scales. Pay grades, depending on the type of job you get and depending on the type of school and – how could it be otherwise – on the federal state in which you teach.
The salary of a teacher (whether civil servant or salaried) increases over the years of service. For within a grade or. There is still a pay grade different levels of experience.
That means without having to move up or down to a different position. Having been promoted, your monthly earnings increase with time.
Last but not least, payment also depends on the type of school: For example, elementary school teachers often complain that they are paid less than high school or vocational school teachers, and for the same length of time in college.
Usually, civil servants start in grade A12, if they are promoted to Studienrat, they would be in grade A13, and a Oberstudiendirektor is in grade A16. In NRW This would correspond to a gross salary of around 3,500 euros net in rural areas.450, 4.120 resp. 5.450 Euro (in each case experience level 1).
In Thuringia in 2017, the salary in group A12 was around 3.280 euros, in group A13 at 3.950 and in group A16 at just under 5460 euros.
And in Berlin, where it is as said there are no civil servants, the starting salary for salaried employees in the same year in pay group E11 was around 4.600 and in group E13 at 5.170 euros gross.
In summary, it can be said that the Salary as a teacher depends on four factors: civil servant or employee status, type of school, professional experience and region.
Whoever becomes a teacher in Germany does not automatically earn the same as his or her colleagues. | Source: Pixabay
Criticism of the current situation
The civil service system in Germany is repeatedly criticized. For example, some teachers say that due to the heavy regulation in the teaching profession leaves little room for creativity and lateral thinking give.
The Beamtentum suggest an apparent (or financial) security. financial) security, which however does not provide necessarily for more satisfaction.
A teacher from Wuppertal even renounced his tenure in 2013 because he perceived it as a restriction and "professional standstill".
As an alternative, he suggested a remuneration that would be based on the Commitment of teachers directs. And he is not the only one who demands performance-related pay for teachers.
Against there are z. B. with the trade unions, who do not believe that such a bonus system is transferable to a social profession such as that of the teacher. Rather, teachers would need a intrinsic motivation for their job.
For all those who have such a motivation, a part-time job as a private tutoring teacher perhaps a useful addition – those interested should also be aware of the differences in income between private teachers and the civil service.
Contributing to your wallet and your own satisfaction with private lessons
The financial conditions for teachers will be set by the state and apply to both rural and urban areas.
2.500 euros net in the countryside is perhaps double the amount in a medium-sized city, or three times the amount in large cities such as Munich or Hamburg.
So if the financial advantages as a civil servant or simply the salary as a salaried teacher are not enough (especially if you might be the sole earner in a family), it can be quite attractive for a teacher to earn, tutoring, provided that the workload allows it.
As a teacher in the state service it is quite allowed to have an independent part-time job to exercise this profession, this is regulated by law.
Provided you meet all the requirements, it is in fact sufficient to have an appropriate Approval with the school management to apply. You even have the right to approval, a refusal must be clearly justified! Teachers. Private tutoring.
Of course, you have to register such a self-employed activity properly (as a rule, you are considered a Freelance tutoring teachers on the road); all it takes is a trip to the tax office and a little patience to fill out a form.
Finding private tutors It is relatively easy to find a tutor: use your private and professional contacts or register with a specialized tutor (e.g. a private tutor). B. Pupil support) at.
To offer more attractive prices and as few as possible mediators between, however, it can be worthwhile to register with a Tutoring platform or the insertion of a Classified ad worthwhile.
If you feel limited in the teaching profession, private tutoring may be a chance for development. | Source: Pixabay
As a teacher in the public sector, you have a secure and crisis-proof job and clearly defined salary increases commensurate with your seniority.
One is ared of a better salary at the end of one's career, regardless of the economic climate.
But we understand that as a teacher, you don't want to wait until the end of your professional life to have a higher income.
Therefore Additional income through homework help (z. B. Provide online tutoring, teach German as a foreign language, provide math tutoring, etc.) is quite an interesting side job for teachers.