Prostate cancer symptoms during progression

Prostate cancer: how to recognize symptoms?

Prostate cancer can cause a variety of symptoms. However, only very rarely are these clear-cut. Especially in the early stages, symptoms may be absent altogether. Find out here what you should look out for and when you need to see a doctor.

What are the first signs of prostate cancer??

Prostate cancer is a disease that initially presents with either no symptoms or only nonspecific symptoms. There are no classic signs that indicate a malignant tumor in the prostate gland. This is why prostate cancer is often only discovered during a preventive examination, which makes it all the more important.

Due to the location and proximity of the prostate to the bladder and urethra, urinary symptoms are most common at the beginning.

Possible early symptoms of prostate cancer may include:

– Problems urinating (a slow or weak urine stream, plus frequent urges to urinate – especially at night) – Blood in the urine or semen

Symptoms that occur with prostate cancer can also be caused by other conditions such as benign prostate enlargement. Prostate cancer can also be present even though none of the symptoms shown in the diagram are present.

In many cases, however, the symptoms may have causes other than prostate cancer:

– One reason for problems with urination or nighttime urges to urinate, for example, may be a
benign enlargement of the prostate also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) by medical experts. This change often occurs in men from the age of 60. The prostate gland grows larger with age, which is why the prostate gland becomes larger at the age of 40. As a result, the gland may press on the urethra. Lead to problems with urination. – Likewise, behind the symptoms can be a Infection stuck. In the case of a urinary tract infection, for example, there may also be discomfort when urinating or blood in the urine, as in the case of prostate cancer.

What are the symptoms of advanced prostate cancer??

Even with already advanced prostate cancer, symptoms that directly indicate the cancer do not necessarily occur. Especially a localized prostate carcinoma, i.e. one that is limited to the prostate gland, can progress without any symptoms throughout the patient's lifetime. Complaints usually only occur when the tumor has become so large that it has spread to the urethra or when metastases have formed.

If symptoms and abnormalities occur, these are usually non-specific and can also occur with other diseases. These symptoms can occur with advanced prostate cancer:

– Increased urge to urinate, especially at night – difficulty beginning to urinate – inability to urinate (urinary retention) – weak or interrupted urine flow – painful ejaculation – blood in the urine or seminal fluid – severe pain in the lower body (in the back, pelvis, hips, or thighs) – decreased ejaculation

Suspicion of prostate cancer: at which symptoms one should go to the doctor?

Men under 50 years of age are less likely to develop prostate cancer. However, the risk increases with age, which is why men over 50 should pay attention to a number of warning signs.

Men whose fathers or brothers had prostate cancer should seek additional advice from their doctor, because their relative risk of prostate cancer is more than doubled. The younger the affected family member was at the time of diagnosis and the more family members are affected in total, the higher the risk is.

Nonspecific symptoms such as discomfort when urinating, blood in the urine or seminal fluid, and erectile dysfunction can indicate prostate cancer – but do not have to be. However, even though in most cases these are symptoms of benign prostate enlargement: In any case, consult your physician if you observe one or more of these symptoms. This is especially true if symptoms persist for several weeks.

The earlier prostate cancer is detected, the better it can be treated and it is usually completely curable. From the age of 45, men can have an annual check-up with their family doctor or urologist for early detection. The examination includes palpation of the prostate and, in the case of abnormalities that require further clarification, a blood test to analyze the prostate-specific antigen (PSA).

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