Rabbits guinea pigs and hamsters at the veterinarian

PetsIn addition to dogs and cats, pets such as rabbits and guinea pigs are also treated in our practice. Hamsters, mice, rats and co. are of course also treated professionally. Except for rabbits, these pets don't need vaccinations.

Important vaccinations for your rabbit

Myxomatosis

Myxomatosis, also known as "rabbit plague," is transmitted primarily by stinging insects, contaminated food, and contact with other infected animals. In this usually fatal viral infection, a distinction is made between the nodular and the edematous form, the latter being the most common. Visible symptoms are mainly swelling in the facial area, so that there is a constriction in the throat area. This leads to dysphagia. Affected animals can no longer eat. Due to lack of strength and exhaustion, they often die in agony. Vaccination against myxomatosis should be performed in every rabbit, even if it only lives indoors. The first vaccination is recommended from the 4th week of life. to 6. It can be contracted during the first week of life and should be refreshed every year, ideally in the spring.

Rabbit haemorrhagic disease, or RHD for short, is a highly contagious viral disease that is fatal in the vast majority of cases. The resistant pathogen calicivirus, can be transmitted by contaminated food or contaminated objects, other sick rabbits as well as by flies. The characteristic feature for this disease is a high-grade disturbance of blood clotting, which leads to punctiform hemorrhages in the tie. The respiratory tract and digestive organs are primarily affected. A first vaccination is as with the Myxomatose already from the 4. up to 6. Week of life useful. However, if the animals fall ill, only the symptoms can be treated. Mostly the rabbits die within a few hours.

Since we treat according to the latest scientific findings, a combination agent is available in our practice, which contains protection against myxomatosis as well as RHD1 and RHD2. This means that both pathogens can be treated with only one vaccination per year. This saves especially your rabbit unnecessary stress.

Species-appropriate husbandry for rabbits and guinea pigs

As with guinea pigs, it is important that rabbits are never kept alone. Rabbits live in the wild in large colonies with separate ranking between the sexes. It is possible to keep them in pairs, but it is recommended to keep them in groups, because rabbits and guinea pigs have a distinct social behavior. The unfortunately still widespread common keeping of rabbits. Guinea pig should not be done.

Rabbit guinea pig and hamster at the veterinarian Rabbits guinea pigs and hamsters at the vet Rabbit guinea pig and hamster at the vet

What is the optimal diet for rabbits and guinea pigs??

Both rabbits and guinea pigs originate from barren regions of the earth. There they feed mainly on grasses and herbs, which are available to them in sufficient quantities. In the course of time, rabbits and guinea pigs have developed a highly specialized but also extremely sensitive digestive tract, so that as many nutrients as possible can be extracted from this meager and energy-poor diet.

A large number of bacteria decompose the cellulose-containing food components so that the animals receive an optimal energy supply. Due to a muscle-poor stomach, a food transport can happen only by supply. To ensure this, both rabbits and guinea pigs eat many small meals throughout the day. In animals that cannot eat, the food mush remains too long in the stomach. As a result, this already begins to ferment in the body, which harms the animals. In the worst case, the entire digestion comes to a standstill, so that non-feeding pets always represent an emergency. High quality hay should be given to rabbits. Guinea pigs always available. You can recognize it by a green coloring. The aromatic smell. In addition it does not dust.

In addition to hay, the daily ration should also contain structured green fodder or vegetables. grass, dandelion and fresh meadow herbs are best suited. If you do not have access to these wild plants, structure-rich vegetables as well as lettuce can also be fed. Green food should be fed in several small portions throughout the day. It is important that the green fodder should not be given wet, since this withers faster and can ferment in the stomach!

Rabbits and guinea pigs also enjoy treats. So besides apple. Carrot gladly also cucumber or fennel taken. However, feed these tidbits with restraint. This is especially true for vegetables with little structure and fruits rich in sugar.

The commercially available and colorfully mixed ready-made food contains, in addition to raw fiber-rich components, mainly fat or sweet food components. These are usually picked out by the animals, because they taste particularly good to them. The teeth of guinea pigs. Rabbits can grow up to 2 mm per week. If these are not worn evenly or are too long, the animals can no longer chew properly. A digestive disorder is then usually the consequence. To prevent too long teeth or uneven wear, pets can be offered branches of birch, hazelnut or apple tree in addition to a diet rich in raw ferns. However, dried bread or specially available rodent stones are not suitable for wearing down the teeth.

Since the water requirement cannot be covered exclusively by green fodder, an additional supply of drinking water is important. Fresh water, along with hay, is an essential part of the diet. It should therefore always be present in sufficient quantities. Drinking bottles are more suitable than feeding bowls.

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