Take advantage of the currant season!What do currants have to do with John the Baptist?? The penitential preacher is not extolling the virtues of the fruit in the New Testament – rather, the berries are, according to the St. John's Day, the 24. June, named. Around this time, fireflies, also known as currant beetles, are particularly active, and the currants become ripe. They belong to the family of Gooseberries, grow on perennial bushes and ripen in bunches on thin, short stalks or in the form of grapes. panicles.
In Austria, the berries are known as "Ribisel" – in reference to the Latin name of their plant genus, "Ribes". There exist around 50 different varieties fruit, which is mainly found in the temperate climate zones of the northern hemisphere, is. Usually one distinguishes between red, black and white currants.
From tart to tangy
The main varieties differ not only visually, but also in taste:
red Currants are rather acidic
white Currants are mild and more aromatic black Currants are tart-aromatic
This also results in certain differences in use. While white currants are generally still rather rare in our markets, red ones taste very delicious raw and are also excellent for Cake, Fruit salad and sweet desserts like red fruit jelly.
The black currant, on the other hand, is too tart for many people to eat raw. It is often found in Jams, juices and as a fruity ingredient in game dishes for use. The versatility of the dark variety is also shown by the fact that it is the basis of the French liqueur Crème de Cassis – and its flowers add a fruity note to many perfumes.
White, red or black, that is the question here. (c) TwilightArtPictures / Fotolia
Black is better than red
So currants are always tasty, but how do they affect your health?? In one word: positive. The fruit is a real Vitamin C supplier, with the black berries surpassing their red counterparts by about five times: Up to 180 mg of vitamin C, which protects your cells and strengthens your immune system, 100 g of the dark variety hold ready. On the other hand, it has a low calorific value of 35 (red) or. 39 (black) kcal per 100 g.
Another plus point of currants is their Fiber content. Here, too, the black fruits perform much better than the red ones, with about 7 g per 100 g. The quick and long-lasting satiety that the berries give you helps with weight regulation and aids digestion. But that's not all: Also Iron and the Minerals The small grapes offer potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphate and are therefore very attractive, not least for sportsmen and sportswomen – for example as a component of smoothies.
Responsible for the color of black currants, by the way, are so-called Anthocyanins. These belong to the flavonoids, a group of secondary plant substances that have an anti-inflammatory effect and are also said to protect against cardiovascular diseases and certain cancers. What should you look out for when buying the delicious. Watch out for healthy fruit balls? The fruits should be beautiful plump and intensely colored be. Prere marks are a sign that the berries are spoiling faster. Leaves remaining on the panicles can also provide clues: if these are still green and not wilted, then go for.
Generally, currants are quite sensitive and only short shelf life. Wash the grapes carefully under a not too strong water jet or even better in standing water. Strip it off the panicle with a fork or by hand afterward. In the refrigerator, the fruit will keep for two to three days. The currant season is short. Only lasts from about mid/late June to mid/late August. But feel free to stock up, as the berries are quite suitable for the freezer.
By the way, hobby gardeners can definitely try their hand at the "Ribes", because they are robust and quite easy to cultivate berry bushes. After harvesting, the bushes then need a light summer pruning.