Puppy diseaseThe so-called basic immunization includes all vaccinations that your four-legged friend receives in his first two years of life. Mostly puppies get their very first vaccination at the breeder – you can check this in the EU pet passport, where all vaccinations are documented by the vet.
Before vaccination veterinarian will examine the puppy and see if it is healthy and can handle a vaccination well. In addition, congenital diseases, such as z.B. a heart defect, noticeable at an early stage.
The best way for your little tyke to get to know the vet is in a comfortable, relaxed atmosphere. Combine the vaccination appointments and vet visits from the outset with something positive for your dog and reward him extensively, especially if he is relaxed. Also, distract your puppy with great treats during the vaccination – then he may not notice the prick at all. Stay calm yourself. Avoid hectic. Your puppy will feel when you are excited – this will be transferred to him.
Tip: Visit the veterinary practice also simply so, without appointment, a few times. So your puppy quickly learns that there is not a procedure every time , but he is still always rewarded in this place. So he will hopefully also in the future gladly. Come back relaxed!
Core vaccinations – Against these diseases your puppy should be protected in any case
The so-called core vaccinations include Four infectious diseases: parvovirosis, distemper, rabies and leptospirosis. Vaccination against parvovirus. Distemper take place. For the leptospirosis vaccination, the from the eighth week can be vaccinated, after four weeks the Booster shot to. After that the vaccination protection is renewed annually. For parvovirus and distemper, a booster is also necessary four weeks after the first vaccination. From the twelfth week of life can also take place the first rabies vaccination. Parvovirosis is spread very quickly through feces. So that contaminated objects transmit. Infected animals suffer in particular from severe bloody diarrhea and a deficiency of white blood cells. The treatment of this disease takes a long time, is very expensive and many puppies lose their lives in spite of therapy – especially when parvovirosis is not treated in time or not treated properly.
So that the puppy is protected against the disease in its first weeks of life, so-called antibodies must be absorbed through the mother's milk. However, these antibodies are degraded over time, so that the protection must be refreshed with the vaccination of the puppy.
The parvovirosis occurs often in the mass breedings of Eastern Europe in which breeding facilities are not properly vaccinated against the disease.
The causative agent of canine distemper is identical to the Measles virus closely related. Canine distemper is transmitted through direct contact with an infected dog or other animals. The disease primarily affects the lungs, gastrointestinal tract and brain. The inflammation of these organs often ends fatally. animals that can overcome the disease usually have a so-called distemper tick for the rest of their lives – this is a disorder of the central nervous system.
Should be protected especially hunting dogs and quadrupeds that travel to areas, in which the disease is still present. Likewise, this vaccination must not be omitted in breeding bitches.
Attention: Here indicated vaccination periods refer to the guideline for vaccination of small animals of the Stiko Vet. manufacturer information from different vaccine companies may vary.
This bacterium is spread primarily by rats and mice. Wild and farm animals and even humans can also fall ill. Especially urine contains many pathogens. Therefore serves as a great source of transmission. Dogs become infected with leptospires mainly through contaminated water. Prophylactically, therefore, dogs should be kept out of warm, slowly do not drink flowing or stagnant water or bathing in it. Furthermore, the bacteria can also be transmitted to puppies via a bite, infected meat or in the womb.
Leptospires colonize multiple organ systems, allowing the immune system to fight the bacteria in most organs. However, leptospires can survive in the kidneys. Consequently, the disease usually manifests itself in the form of liver and kidney dysfunction, but also the respiratory tract and blood clotting can be severely affected. Dogs infected with leptospires are usually Intensive care patients. Source of infection for humans. Animal represent.
The rabies virus is transmitted through the saliva of already sick animals. Most often this occurs through a bite or contact with wounds. The pathogen slowly travels via the nervous system to the brain. First symptoms usually appear after two to eight weeks. There is typically a change in behavior. Mostly infected animals become aggressive, but rabies can also manifest itself in the form of gastrointestinal symptoms or paralysis, and ends up as quite without exception with death.
Did you know, that vaccination for rabies is included in our laws? Currently, the sense of rabies vaccination is discussed, since all countries around Germany are virtually free of rabies. If a case of rabies occurs, it must be reported immediately. Animals suspected of having rabies and unvaccinated are killed by order, as attempts to treat animals are strictly prohibited. Therefore, vaccinated dogs are better off in case of suspicion. The vaccination should therefore not be waived at present. By the way, the rabies vaccination also protects against the European pathogens of bat rabies.
Since 2008 Germany officially as rabies free. The danger of an introduction is mainly given by the disregard of import regulations for small animals. For trips abroad or. an animal import from abroad the rabies vaccination is obligatory. For animals originating from outside the European Union, it is even necessary to check the vaccination titer. If dogs are to travel to areas where rabies still occurs, a higher vaccination titer should be achieved. Dog owners should therefore consult their veterinarian about the necessary vaccination interval when traveling abroad.
attention: The vaccination periods given here refer to the guideline for the vaccination of small animals of the Stiko Vet. Manufacturer's instructions from different vaccine companies may vary.
Other vaccinations that may be recommended for your dog
In addition to the core vaccinations, there are other vaccinations that are individually advisable can be. For example, if you want to take your puppy on a trip abroad or if your puppy will be around many of its own kind.
Further vaccinations from 6 to 8 weeks
In kennel cough, several viruses and bacteria come together to keep the upper respiratory tract on its toes. In puppies, especially due to stress, it can be. uncleanliness in multi-dog households can lead to a severe disease. The kennel cough manifests itself in increased body temperature, dry cough, an inflammation of the respiratory tract and possibly also in a purulent conjunctivitis. The pathogens are spread throughout the environment, but the disease mainly plays a role in places where many four-legged friends meet, z.B. at a dog show, a dog sporting event, in breeding facilities, animal shelters or boarding kennels. Vaccination against kennel cough complex is consequently recommended if your little rascal is often in contact with other conspecifics stands. The vaccination can not prevent all pathogens of kennel cough. Nevertheless, the vaccination significantly weakens the symptoms in case of infection.
These bacteria belong to the pathogen complex of kennel cough. Bordetellae cause especially coughing with choking, while the quadruped appears healthy apart from that. The disease may manifest as a watery discharge from the nose. In special cases severe inflammation of the respiratory tract with fever can occur. In contrast to other vaccinations, this vaccination is sprayed into the nose. Just like the kennel cough vaccination, the Bordetella vaccination is recommended for four-legged dogs that have been exposed to Contact with several conspecifics Have.
Hepatitis contagiosa canis
The virus that causes inflammation of the liver does not really occur in Germany nowadays. The majority of dogs are protected by vaccination, it is amed that this widespread vaccination of the quadrupeds has led to the disappearance of the disease. In the eastern countries of Europe contagious hepatitis still occurs, however. The pathogen is transmitted through feces; symptoms manifest as diarrhea and jaundice. Rarely, the virus can also cause encephalitis.
Further vaccinations from the age of 6. Month of life
Would you like to z.B. travel abroad with your dog, you can give your puppy from the sixth month of life additionally protect against the following diseases:
The disease, which is similar to malaria, is caused by Ticks transmitted. Due to climate change and travel tourism, babesia spreads consecutively in Europe and Germany. The pathogens destroy the red blood cells. This can cause severe diseases, which often end in death without proper therapy. Especially dogs that have never been in contact with the pathogen are affected. Currently, the vaccine against the bad guys is only available in Switzerland and France. Vaccination does not protect against infection with the babesias, but it can prevent the significantly alleviate symptoms. Important in the first place is a effective tick protection with the help of preparations from the veterinarian.
Especially the countries around the Mediterranean Sea are particularly affected by Leishmania. The pathogens are primarily transmitted by sand flies, so there is a risk of infection especially during the Twilight and at night. Various organs can be affected by the Leishmania, whereby there are several months to years can take a long time until the disease manifests itself Especially the Skin and the kidneys are affected by the Leishmania, but also eye and joints have to fight under the pathogens and can be severely inflamed. Typical are also changes in the claws and whitening in the area of the mouth and nose.
Unfortunately, the leishmania can not be completely eliminated by medication. For the four-legged friend this means lifelong therapy with expensive medicines. If you wanted to take your puppy with you on a trip, you should vaccinate him protect against sandflies and do not go for evening or nighttime walks. At night mosquito gauze can protect from the pesky mosquitoes. Vaccination against Leishmania does not protect against infection, but it reduces the risk of an obvious disease.
Most diseases occur rarely in Germany. Why should you nevertheless vaccinate your dog?
As long as a certain population of dogs is vaccinated, the protection against diseases is. That is, non-vaccinated animals benefit only from the "herd protection" through the vaccinated animals. In addition, the listed Diseases partly not curable or have severe sequelae or even the death of the quadruped to result. An interruption of the comprehensive vaccination protection promotes the Reintroduction from diseases, which currently no longer occur in Germany. Not only the own unvaccinated dog is endangered, but also other two-legged and four-legged friends. Some diseases such as z.B. Leptospirosis or rabies can also affect us humans. Furthermore, some puppies cannot be vaccinated immediately due to diseases. These four-legged friends are at increased risk for severe disease if the dog population is not vaccinated across the board.
What happens if the vaccination date for the dog is missed?
In this case, ask your Veterinarian for advice. A new basic immunization may be necessary after a certain delay of the vaccination date. For some vaccinations the Vaccination titer – that is the number of antibodies that protect against the infectious disease – be controlled. The vaccination is then only refreshed if the too few antibodies are.