How to prevent thrombosis during pregnancy 1

When looking at your maternity passport or at your check-up during pregnancy, you may have come across the so-called thrombosis. It is one of the Most dangerous complications that can occur during pregnancy. You can read about what exactly happens in the body when thrombosis occurs and how you can prevent it here.

Table of Contents

What is thrombosis in the first place?

The Blood clotting is a natural protective mechanism of the body. It prevents us from bleeding to death when we are injured by ensuring that the liquid blood solidifies. However, blood clotting can become a risk if the blood clots too much or in the wrong place. This can then lead to Blood clots in the blood vessels form.

When a blood clot (thrombus) constricts or blocks a blood vessel, it is called a Thrombosis. Thromboses form most frequently in the veins (venous thrombosis) of the lower half of the body, not infrequently in the Legs, especially in the veins of the calves or in the pelvis.

If this blood clot dissolves, it can Acute danger to life exist. It is possible that the clot is washed with the blood stream to the lungs and clogs the blood vessels of the lungs here. This means that the lungs are no longer supplied with sufficient oxygen. In the worst case, there is then the threat of a Pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism can be life-threatening for mother and child. Therefore, it is important to recognize thrombosis at an early stage to prevent pulmonary embolism in advance.

Causes: How does thrombosis occur in pregnancy??

There is an increased risk of thrombosis during pregnancy and after birth. This is even recorded in the mother's passport. The risk of thrombosis in pregnancy Increases about sixfold. Nevertheless, thrombosis tends to be one of the rarer pregnancy complications.

The reason for the increased risk of thrombosis in pregnant women and after childbirth are The physical and hormonal changes in a woman's body. The pregnancy hormone progesterone in particular can cause the vein walls to become more elastic and dilate during pregnancy. The blood can then congest more quickly in the legs.

In addition, there is a change in the blood during pregnancy. It flows more slowly, which is an additional risk factor for thrombosis in the blood vessels. Also The blood volume increases, more blood has to be pumped through the veins, which can also cause a blockage in the blood flow.

And also the Prere on the abdominal and pelvic vein in a pregnant woman by the child and lowering of the pelvis in the last third of pregnancy before birth can disrupt blood flow. The blood then backs up in the pelvic veins and the veins of the legs.

Additional risk factors: When the risk of thrombosis is increased?

Expectant mothers with these risk factors should pay special attention to prevent thrombosis and should be monitored regularly:

– Previous thromboses – Familial tendency to thromboses – Varicose veins – Obesity – Miscarriages – High blood prere – Gestational diabetes – Kidney disease – Coagulation disorders – Smokers – Lack of exercise

Symptoms: How to recognize a thrombosis?

Thrombosis is difficult to detect at first. Symptoms may be mild, so you don't feel anything about the venous thrombosis. If symptoms are noticeable, they usually appear in the form of a unilateral, sudden and violent on. You can recognize a thrombosis by these signs:

– Tightness at the affected area – Swelling at the affected area – Reddish-bluish discoloration at the affected area – Sensation of warmth at the affected area – Veins show through around the affected area – Pressing pain, especially on the inside of the foot – Calf pain when bending the foot or applying prere to it

Prevention: How to prevent thrombosis during pregnancy?

MovementThe most important measure to prevent thrombosis during pregnancy is regular exercise. This promotes blood circulation. Walking, hiking, swimming, cycling, yoga or water gymnastics are particularly recommended during pregnancy to keep the risk of thrombosis to a minimum. Stop smoking: You should definitely stop smoking during pregnancy. This not only protects your child from nicotine, but also reduces the risk of thrombosis. Healthy dietEat a healthy, balanced diet and drink enough. watch your weight, because being overweight can increase the risk of thrombosis. It's best to make sure your weight is in a healthy range in the pre-pregnancy period so that you and the baby can get through the nine months of pregnancy in good health. Compression stockingsCompression stockings can also help reduce the risk of thrombosis in the legs during pregnancy. They help compress the enlarged veins and speed up blood flow. It is especially important to wear compression stockings on long-haul flights where you cannot move for a long time.

Treatment: What helps with thrombosis?

Midwives and doctors are aware of the increased risk of thrombosis in pregnant women. Therefore, they also pay attention to the Preventive examinations Watch for certain signs. If you suspect that you have a thrombosis in the veins of your legs, you should discuss this with your doctor. Here, the affected vein can be examined and it can be determined whether a thrombosis is present or not.

In some cases it can then be treated with special Medication can be dissolved again. Sometimes, however, a Compression therapy help. If thrombosis is diagnosed, preventive treatment is often with blood-thinning medications such as heparin treated. If thrombosis is detected early, it is easily treatable. During pregnancy. After birth, the risk of thrombosis of the veins is increased. However, the blockage of the blood vessels is difficult to detect. That is why it is so important preventive measures to prevent the blood clot from forming in the veins in advance. Pregnant women should Stop smoking, eat a healthy diet, drink plenty of fluids, and most importantly, exercise regularly and don't sit for too long.

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