Cervical spine syndrome means Cervical spine syndrome, Cervical spine disease or Cervical syndrome. Cervical spine syndrome is a widespread condition. It is a Complex of disease signs. For this reason the name syndrome is chosen.
This disease can be acute or chronic. The risk of suffering from cervical syndrome increases with advancing age. Typical symptoms include pain in the neck and throat area.
The causes of cervical spine syndrome
In most cases, cervical spine syndrome results from anatomical changes that occur in the cervical spine. This leads to degeneration, i.e. destruction or wear and tear of the vertebrae. This is mostly known as spondylosis. If the vertebral bodies in the spine are misaligned or worn, then the spaces in which the nerve tracts run are constricted in places. This can progress to the point where the nerves are simply blocked. Patients notice tingling and numb arms.
It is not uncommon for cervical spine syndrome to be caused by persistent functional tension in the neck muscles. This results in entrapment of the cervical spinal nerves.
In addition whiplash injuries, tumors, cervical disc herniations or osteochondrosis are some other triggers.
Diseases such as rheumatism and other inflammatory processes cannot be ruled out as causative triggers for cervical syndrome. People with cervical spine syndrome often have too little physical exercise or perform one-sided activities for long periods of time.
Organic underlying diseases such as osteoporosis or arthritis, which are also causally related to cervical spine syndrome, cannot be ruled out.
The symptoms and signs of cervical spine syndrome
Those affected by cervical spine disease complain of many signs of the disease, which are usually painful. Characteristic are manifestations such as pain in the cervical muscles and in the neck. If these remain untreated, tingling and numbness in the arm occur, as well as a radiation of the pain into the arm.
In addition, there are persistent headaches (tension headache), disturbances of vision and dizziness, as well as myogelosis. Myogeloses are externally palpable hardenings in the muscles, which are triggered by an incorrect load, an unilateral load or by an overuse of the muscles.
Other symptoms of cervical spine syndrome are paralysis or paresis in the arms and ringing in the ears. This manifests itself as ringing in the ears. Not atypical are symptoms that are not initially recognized in connection with cervical spine syndrome. This includes, for example, nausea and nausea.
Due to the neurological systems in the body, patients consistently report problems with body temperature such as cold feet and hot flashes, as well as circulatory problems during the diagnostic survey.
In summary, patients with cervical syndrome come to the doctor almost exclusively with neurological deficits. In these impairments are the eyes. The ears as well as the nerves involved.
Diagnosis and course of the disease of the cervical spine syndrome
In the foreground of the disease diagnosis of the cervical spine syndrome is a Physical examination By the general practitioner or by the specialist, the orthopedist, respectively. The diagnostic surveys are based on:
– palpation or palpation, as well as – on the use of special imaging techniques
First, the muscle cords of the neck, the neck and the shoulders are examined for hardening, prere pain and nodular abnormalities palpated. This is followed by an examination of the range of motion of the head. From this, the doctor can already tell to what extent the cervical spine syndrome has progressed and to what extent pain is present.
The joints are also included in the mobility examination. Under this condition, the physician can identify which blockages of the nerves are present and how extensive they are. Furthermore, the muscle reflexes are checked.
In case of doubt, the physical examination can be carried out by imaging procedures such as a computer tomography, the making of X-rays or a nuclear spin tomography are extended.
With a X-ray it is possible to see what the bony areas of the cervical spine are like. With a MRI The specialist has the advantage of being able to examine the tendons, ligaments, muscles and cartilage of the joints in addition to the bony components.
Under this condition, it is possible to rule out other diseases. This is especially important when a herniated disc is suspected. Surprisingly, there are also herniated discs in the cervical vertebrae. Therefore a diagnosis of exclusion is absolutely to be striven for.
The Course of the disease of the cervical spine syndrome shows itself in such a way that at the beginning the complaints are still relatively bearable. They only occur at long intervals. Are not yet so violent. In the course of the time the tension pains increase. The patients then suffer almost daily from persistent headaches, which usually return after taking painkillers.
In addition, there are health abnormalities such as tingling and numbness in upper extremities, increasing weakness in the arms and other classic symptoms. The pain and movement restrictions increase, so that no movement is possible without pain.
Treatment of cervical spine disease
The conservative therapy sequence of the cervical spine syndrome is based on several pillars. Thereby also the active cooperation of the patient in demand. In principle, the treatment is planned in such a way that the severity of the complaints and the triggers are taken into account. The therapy is therefore very individual in each case.
First come medication to be used. The orthodox medical specialists use anti-inflammatory drugs, which relieve the pain and relax the muscles. These pharmaceuticals are called analgesics. Muscle relaxants referred to.
In combination with the medication, many patients feel pain-free when they use dry or moist heat via heat patches, electric heating pads or mud packs. This results in a certain relaxation of the musculature. At the same time the muscle tone normalizes. Inflammatory processes can also be reduced by prolonged warmth.
A balanced lifestyle with avoidance of stress, heavy work and overstrain is to be aimed at.
Simultaneously with the medicinal treatment, the doctor prescribes well-dosed physiotherapy Measures prescribed actively as physiotherapy or passively as massages.
With Physiotherapy a controlled strength training is in the center. This measure can also eliminate stiffness. Passively, the muscle tensions are loosened and the blockages are released with special grips and Massage techniques.
In addition to conventional medicine, alternative techniques such as chiropractic procedures and acupuncture are helpful through naturopathy. Many people feel an improvement of the complaints, if they undergo methods, which are settled in the Ostheopathie. The so-called Rolfing is also recommended.
In the case of cervical spine syndrome, it makes sense to start targeted physical activities. These help to promote relief of the intervertebral discs. In addition, there is an increase in blood flow to the musculature. This increasingly relaxes, becomes softer and no longer presses on the nerves located in this region.
If the patient does not feel any improvement, an operation can be scheduled after further intensive diagnostics and if certain triggers exist. Surgical remedy may be indicated when massive neurological deficits and severe pain occur.
Cervical Spine Prevention
Prevention of cervical spine disorders Lack of movement
as well as Incorrect postures, one-sided strain on the spine and various stress factors occurring in everyday life, permanent overstraining and anxiety contribute to a more or less massive tension of the muscles. Negative stress and anger are particularly relevant in this regard.
For prevention it is useful to strengthen the abdominal and back muscles
In addition, it is of immense importance, possibly diagnosed Underlying diseases sufficient therapy so that those affected can perform more physical activities. This means not only physical, but also mental illnesses in common. In psychological In the field of cervical spine syndrome, for example, diseases such as depression or exhaustion syndrome are associated with a disturbance or reduction in drive.
Further preventive measures, which have a positive effect on a healthy spine, include a regular Training of the back through suitable sports and specifically selected exercises. Active movement in particular is ideal, because the human muscular and bone system is designed in such a way that lack of movement and a balance between rest and activity are absolutely necessary to keep this complex system in equilibrium. Therefore endurance sports are favorable.
As a further prophylaxis, strengthening of the cervical spine is suitable Musculature of the abdomen in unity with a reduction of overweight. Ergonomically designed seating, correctly height-adjusted tables and suitable aids for moving scissors-like objects are everyday means of preventing cervical spine syndrome in good time.