Phenolic compounds in Mexican arnica (Heterotheca inuloides Cass.) are effective against high blood prere. (Image: meenkulathiamma/stock.adobe.com)
Mexican arnica (Heterotheca inuloides Cass.) against high blood prere
High blood prere (hypertension) is an extremely widespread complaint, with serious secondary diseases threatening if left untreated. Mexican arnica could contribute here according to a current study as a herbal remedy for blood prere reduction.
A research team around Carlos Alberto Gomez-Aldapa of the Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo (Mexico) has studied the phenolic compounds in Mexican Arnica studied and demonstrated that, similar to common antihypertensive drugs, it causes the so-called Inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). The study results were published in the "Journal of Herbal Medicine".
ACE inhibitors for high blood prere
The high incidence of Cardiovascular disease has become a major public health problem worldwide, and hypertension tops the list, the researchers explain.
Common medications used to treat high blood prere include so-called ACE inhibitors. They target the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which is one of the main pathways of Blood prere regulation forms.
Mexican arnica as an ACE inhibitor
In their current study, the researchers have now investigated the Effect of Mexican Arnica as an ACE inhibitor investigated. The aim was to Flavonoids in the plant and to determine its potential to Binding of free oxygen radicals (triggers for oxidative stress) and for blood prere Inhibition of ACE to be determined.
"The leaves had the highest concentration of phenolic compounds and the highest concentration of flavonoids," the researchers report. Particularly high concentrations, they say, are responsible for Quercetin (706.68 milligrams per 100 grams) and Kaempferol (39.22 milligrams per 100 grams) have been detected.
Comparable effect to drugs
The binding oxygen free radicals had increased in laboratory studies in proportion to the content of phenolic compounds in extracts of the plant, and the ACE inhibiting effect was almost as high as with the antihypertensive drug captopril (ACE inhibitor), the research team reports.
The potential as a scavenger of oxygen free radicals and as an ACE inhibitor makes Mexican arnica a possible Alternative for the prevention of cardiovascular problems associated with oxidative stress and hypertension, the scientists conclude. This article contains only general information. Must not be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.