Painkillers, .. Cold remedies or medicines for gastrointestinal disorders can be bought without a prescription at the pharmacy. But in addition to the actual effect, customers also buy side effects.
Prescription drugs, for example for high blood prere patients, diabetics and rheumatics, also show more or less strong side effects. You can read about the undesirable side effects that drugs can have on professional activities or in road traffic in this special.
Effect of medicines
Especially painkillers and cold remedies can be found in every medicine cabinet. They are taken in case of need without further consultation with the doctor. However, these and other groups of drugs have effects and side effects that can make you lose concentration at work. Anyone who then drives machines in the factory or on the construction site, or is on the road in traffic, runs an increased risk. Here we give you an overview of different groups of medicines:
Narcotics and sleeping pills
After taking a sleeping pill, be sure to wait eight hours before driving or operating a machine. For these remedies are specifically designed to induce fatigue and soothe. This limits concentration on tricky tasks. Very strongly reduce the ability to react. Narcotics, such as those given by dentists during treatment, also greatly reduce the ability to concentrate. Therefore, in such a case, you should schedule the appointment for the afternoon. Let yourself be driven home afterwards. Depending on whether the nerve of the upper or lower jaw was anesthetized, the anesthesia can last for two or even five hours. Pain is also common afterwards. After such treatment, please do not drive your car yourself, and certainly not a motorcycle. Antihypertensive drugs
Especially at the beginning of a therapy with antihypertensives, the blood prere drops more than intended. This is because the amount of active ingredient still has to be determined in the adjustment phase – and this can take some time. This is why you should not drive or operate machinery until you no longer feel impaired. Consult your physician for advice. Inform your employer about this medication setting. Over time, the body becomes accustomed to the effects of the medication and blood prere stabilizes. A large glass of (mineral) water helps to counteract the first symptoms that often occur, such as dizziness and headaches. Antidiabetics
If diabetics – unintentionally – eat irregularly and/or exercise, blood sugar deviations may occur. This may lead to disturbances of attention or coordination disorders. Accidents can occur in road traffic or when driving machines at work. For this reason, diabetics should always carry a small emergency supply in the form of glucose. This can quickly correct hypoglycemia. Be sure to inform your colleagues what to do in case of emergency. As an IKK-insured person, you are entitled to diabetic patient training, so be sure to take advantage of this for your own safety. If you are taking IKKIf you enroll in the promed treatment program for diabetics, you will receive high-quality medical care and all the necessary information about diabetes. Consult your doctor about the DMP program. Eye drops
An examination by an ophthalmologist often begins with the administration of eye drops that dilate the pupils. The pupils are subsequently unable to adjust to the brightness over a longer period of time – visual acuity is severely limited. After such an eye drop administration, you should in no case drive a car or work on machinery, so as not to cause any accidents. Therefore, make an appointment with your ophthalmologist in the afternoon hours. Have yourself taken home afterwards. Painkillers
Strong-acting painkillers contain, for example, opium compounds and are prescribed by the doctor. Physician-prescribed cough blockers may also contain painkillers, such as codeine. These painkillers have a depressant effect on the central nervous system – alertness drops sharply after taking these drugs. Therefore, if you have been prescribed these drugs, you should not drive a car and/or drive machinery at work under any circumstances. If you are taking over-the-counter painkillers, such as those containing acetylsalicylic acid or paracetamol, no special precautions are necessary unless you are also taking other medications. Psychotropic drugs
Psychotropic drugs include, for example, tranquilizers and antidepressants. They have a calming and/or depressant effect. At the same time, these effects reduce the ability to react: those affected are therefore unable to see through tricky situations in road traffic or when driving machines quickly enough and to control them in good time. In the doctor's office and at the pharmacy, affected persons must be clearly informed of these effects. Anyone taking such medication should inform their doctor that they will be working with machine assistance. Antirheumatic drugs
Patients taking rheumatism medications should also allow some time to elapse between taking the medication and a car ride or tricky tasks at a construction site. Because some anti-inflammatory drugs cause gastrointestinal problems: If you feel nauseous after taking the tablets, you should not necessarily have to get off the crane first. Discuss with your doctor whether it may be possible to take medication in the evening. Appetite suppressants
Anyone who wants to lose weight with the support of medications should be aware of the side effects. Because appetite suppressants can also reduce responsiveness. Headaches and drowsiness after taking appetite suppressants are also not conducive to concentrated work on a machine or driving a car. The more effective alternative to losing weight with appetite suppressants is a combination of more exercise in everyday life and a healthy diet. You can find out more about this in our special topic Active Lighter Living. Courses on healthy weight management are also offered regularly as part of the IKK course program. Anti-allergic drugs
A sneezing fit and watery eyes are annoying in any situation – both in leisure time and at work. If the sneezing attack happens while working on machinery or on the scaffolding of a construction site, then (near) accidents can also happen. If you take medication for your allergies, you need to know about the side effects. These include reduced concentration and reaction times. Depending on the drug group, there are drugs that make you less dizzy or can also be taken in the evening. Seek advice on this at your pharmacy. Flu medication
Many flu medications are combination preparations, they contain u.a. Painkillers and agents for sneezing and coughing. Thus, they have the same depressant effect as the above-mentioned drugs. Some of these remedies also contain alcohol, which in small quantities is supposed to promote blood circulation, and caffeine, which partially cancels out the depressant effect of the other ingredients again. If you take such a medicine, you should rather spend the day at home and concentrate on your recovery. For all other (professional) activities, the ability to concentrate and react is simply not enough. Travel tablets should soothe the gastrointestinal tract -. Have a strong sedative effect throughout the body. If you have taken such a drug, you should not perform any work that requires quick reactions and high concentration – i.e. neither drive a car nor operate machinery – because of this effect. If you feel nauseous quickly while traveling, you can take ginger supplements. Get advice on this at your pharmacy and ask for suitable medicines that are not so strongly sedating.
If you take medication, you should definitely be informed about the effects and side effects. Because after taking them, and possibly for many hours, your ability to concentrate and react may be severely impaired. In this case, you should not necessarily climb ladders and scaffolding, drive machines or drive a car. They help you avoid risky situations and accidents.
Inform yourself about the effects and side effects of the medications in your doctor's office and in your pharmacy. If necessary, seek advice on alternative active ingredients and medicines. Read the package insert for your own safety.
Particularly in stressful situations, many people resort to alcohol or medication. But in the long run, the relaxing or calming effect of these substances wears off – the dose must be increased. This can become a problem in the company, work safety can suffer. Therefore, employers should inform their employees about the effects and side effects of medications at an early stage and without current cause. A health day, for example, is a good opportunity to learn about. The IKK Innovationskasse also offers workplace health promotion for companies.