Clematis ( woodland vine ) are among the most beautiful. Most flowering climbing plants. These are certainly the main reasons why clematis are so popular.
Unfortunately clematis do not grow well in all gardens. Sometimes the guest performance is already over after a few weeks. What is the reason? In almost 100% of the cases the disease "Clematis wilt" has causing the plants to die. This fungal disease is latent in the soil and under favorable conditions can attack the clematis plants and cause them to die within a very short time. The damage is manifested by the leaves and branches turning brown and becoming scrawny. The whole plant dies. This does not have to be. Follow these tips and you will enjoy your clematis for many years to come. By the way, various clematis can be perfectly combined with climbing roses. Click here for the article 'Roses and Clematis.
Clematis thrive in a location that is semi-shaded to sunny, but not "scorching" is necessary, d. h. on extreme south walls it usually gets too warm for this climbing plant. Clematis love a "shady, cool foot". These conditions are achieved by covering the soil around the clematis with low plants z. B. Lady's mantle (Alchemilla), bergenia (Bergenia), cranesbill (Geranium), sunflower (Helianthemum), ribbon flower (Iberis), catnip (Nepeta), u.s.w. This keeps the root area cool even in midsummer.
The top priority is a permeable, nutritious soil with good water drainage. Loamy, compacted soil or even waterlogging are bad conditions for clematis, but unfortunately good conditions for the disease "Clematis wilt". The following sketch shows an optimal solution for difficult soil conditions. Clematis are climbing plants that need a lot of nutrients. Clematis are grateful for a dose of compost or slow-release fertilizer in spring.
The following steps are recommended: (see also the sketch in the "Soil" section)
– Dig the planting hole 2 spades deep (approx. 40-50 cm) – Fill in a gravel drainage against possible waterlogging – Fill in good garden soil, ideally mixed with compost – Pot out clematis and plant so deep that the root neck (= transition root to shoot) is approx. 5-10 cm is covered – A supporting rod (z. B. Keep the soil (planting disk) shady with low plants (see point "Location") – Water the clematis well and keep it moderately moist in the next few weeks
More detailed information and instructions for planting clematis can be found in detail and clearly in the video.
Basically, the following categories can be distinguished:
1. Large-flowered varieties, z. B. the groups Jackmanii, Viticella, Patens This clematis forms flowers on the new, this year's shoots. Therefore, severe pruning to 50-80 cm is necessary here. Without this pruning, flowers form only at the end of the long shoots. The plant would wither in the lower part. 2. Small-flowered varieties, z. B. C. montana, C. alpina, C. tangutica, C. vitalba, u.s.w. This group blooms in the months of April and May. After flowering, it can be transplanted as needed, z. B. when the plants have become too tall or too dense, pruned back or thinned out (June/July). This gives the plant enough time to form flower buds for the next year
Winter protection is only necessary in exposed, harsh locations. In such situations, light mounding of the plant with soil, compost, or foliage and shielding with pine boughs is sufficient.