Polyarthritis symptoms causes and what relieves rheumatism beuthel

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The hands hurt, the feet do not want more. If you find it difficult to use the small joints when you have polyarthritis, then everyday life is not easy to manage. Do not be discouraged. We explain what can help you.

What is polyarthritis (rheumatoid arthritis)??

Polyarthritis – or rheumatoid arthritis, as it is also called – is a Disease of the immune system that mainly attacks the joints and causes them to become painfully inflamed on a regular basis. The immune system produces thereby defense materials against the body-own cells and promotes thereby the inflammations and also wear symptoms of the joints.

However, because the immune system is active throughout the body, polyarthritis can also affect other regions of the body, such as soft ties or even entire organs. This is also the biggest difference to rheumatism, where only the joints are affected.

Arthrosis, which is very similar in name, can also be distinguished from polyarthritis in that here the cause of the inflammation of the joints is exclusively due to wear and tear. The addition "Poly always means that several joints are affected. In polyarthrosis, for example, several joints are worn out, while in polyarthritis several joints have inflammatory changes.

Who is affected by this form of rheumatism?

Polyarthritis occurs mainly in women and typically breaks out between the ages of 40 and 70. There is also a juvenile form, in which even infants can be affected by the disease. In total, 1-2% of the entire population suffer from this disease.

What are the causes of rheumatoid arthritis?

Why and how exactly polyarthritis breaks out is still unclear. In addition to genetic factors and environmental influences, however, it is probably the immune system that plays a decisive role. As the immune system turns against itself in polyarthritis, substances that promote inflammation, so-called cytokines, are produced and cause pain and swelling in the joints.

The acute and the chronic polyarthritis

Polyarthritis is basically a chronic disease. It often occurs in relapses with symptom-free intervals between them. As the disease progresses, these intervals become shorter and shorter. The overall complaints increase. Later, secondary symptoms can also occur, which negatively influence and thus intensify the disease.

In contrast to chronic arthritis, acute joint inflammation is usually caused by viruses and subsides completely after some time.

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is often manifested by the following symptoms Pain and swelling in small joints , such as the finger joints. In an acute attack, the joints may also become overheated and there may be effusions. In contrast to bruises, however, these joint effusions consist of water. Are therefore externally only indistinctly perceptible. In the course of the disease, functional limitations of the joints often occur, which are partly manifested in the so-called Morning stiffness express. The joints are restricted in their mobility, especially in the morning, but this often improves in the course of the day. In contrast to arthrosis, the joint pain often occurs at rest and becomes alleviated by exercise. Most often, sufferers experience pain during rest at night.

In the case of acute attack In addition to symptoms in the joints, general symptoms of the disease can also occur. Those affected are then often tired and weary, have little appetite and tend to be depressed. Due to the lack of appetite, there is also often weight loss. Mostly the symptoms are accompanied by an increased temperature up to fever.

In some cases there is also an affection of the soft ties. This means that inflammations also occur in other parts of the body. Examples of this are tendon sheath inflammation, bursitis and also so-called rheumatoid nodules, which form under the skin.

What are the consequences of polyarthritis?

Over the years, the recurring inflammations destroy the affected joints and sometimes also the adjacent bones. Mobility. Grip strength leads. Adjacent nerves can also be affected by the polyarthritis and thus feelings of numbness and insensitivity Trigger. A typical example of this is the carpal tunnel syndrome.

In particularly severe cases, it can also lead to the Involvement of organs come. In this case, the inflammation of the pleura is the main cause. The most common symptoms are a degeneration of the pericardium and a proliferation of connective tie in the lungs. Vascular inflammation and inflammation of the eye can also occur as a result of polyarthritis. Not uncommon is the so-called sicca syndrome, in which there is dryness of the mouth and eyes. Although organ involvement is a very rare concomitant of polyarthritis, it is precisely these inflammations of the various organs that can quickly become life-threatening.

How to recognize polyarthritis? How is the diagnosis made?

Polyarthritis can be very difficult to diagnose, especially in the early stages. Often the symptoms are very unspecific and difficult to classify. A Blood test and imaging examination procedures such as an MR T can provide information here. Any pain that has already occurred Joint changes are also easy to recognize in X-rays.

How can I prevent polyarthritis??

Since the causes of polyarthritis are not yet fully understood, it is also difficult to make a recommendation for prevention of this disease. slow down the course of the disease. To maintain the quality of life of those affected for as long as possible. It also makes sense to adopt a healthy lifestyle, for example, not smoking. Important to know: Rheumatoid arthritis is not completely curable! However, the earlier it is detected, the more effectively relief can be provided.

What helps with rheumatoid arthritis?

The focus of therapy is primarily on slowing down the course of the disease and maintaining the functionality and mobility of the joints. A cure is not possible according to the current state of knowledge as mentioned above. A holistic approach is taken in therapy, which aims to keep those affected as pain-free as possible and providing the patient with the best possible quality of life. In addition to medications, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and physical therapies are therefore also used.

In addition, it is often helpful to train those affected in dealing with their disease and to support them in coping with the disease through accompanying psychotherapy. In addition to a special diet (read more about this in the article What helps with osteoarthritis: from cabbage rolls to 3D printers), orthopedic aids such as orthoses also play a role in helping sufferers cope with everyday life.

In bad cases resp. In the course of the disease, operations and injections into the affected joints are often necessary in order to correct any malpositions that occur and to reduce chronic pain.

What role does nutrition play in polyarthritis?? In the case of polyarthritis, the right diet can promote therapy. Positively influence the course of the disease. In this case, the renunciation of meat or meat products plays a particularly important role. a diet as low in meat as possible plays an important role. Meat contains namely particularly many acids, which promote the release of inflammatory messenger substances, the so-called cytokines. Plenty of calcium and vitamins help strengthen bones and prevent osteoporosis. In the process, the Vitamins in natural form, if possible, through plenty of fruits and vegetables Vitamin preparations and similar dietary supplements contain free radical scavengers, the side effects of which can cancel out the actual effect on the joints.

Which orthopedic aids support with rheumatism??

In the medical supply store, there is a wide range of supporting aids that make it easier for you to deal with a rheumatic disease such as polyarthritis in everyday life. In order to improve walking and standing and to change the position of the feet in such a way that the joints are relieved, there are orthopedic custom-made shoes or shoe inserts . Those who need assistance with mobility can rely on a Rollator or walking stick fall back on. Especially in the advanced stages of the disease, they provide safety when moving around, whether you are indoors or outdoors.

Polyarthritis symptoms causes and what rheumatism relieves beuthel

In order to support the functionality of the hands, a variety of dressing and buttoning aids have also been developed to help sufferers in their everyday lives. For example, there are specially shaped and angled special cutlery and also utensils with large handles that make handling easier. There are also aids for daily hygiene, such as Shower stools and bath lifts , that compensate for the restriction of movement.

If the joint inflammation causes pain when sitting, for example when working at the computer, a wedge cushion is often helpful. Get advice from the experts, who know exactly which aids can relieve the strain on your joints.

In addition, non-slip pads and gripping aids, as well as extensions for various everyday objects, are used to help sufferers participate in normal life for as long as possible.

Conclusion about polyarthritis (rheumatoid arthritis)

Polyarthritis, also called rheumatoid arthritis, is an increasingly painful condition that leads to limited movement. Hands and feet are most commonly affected. But the course can be positively influenced. Preserve the patient's quality of life for as long as possible. A healthy diet is as important for this as aids to mobility, including rollators or inserts for rheumatism. In the medical store, we also show you aids for everyday life that will help you cope with the disease.

Do you have tips for people with polyarthritis? What did and did not help?

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