Prostate cancer causes diagnosis treatment rehab

Prostate cancerThe disease prostate cancer is a threatening diagnosis for every man, which, however, in many cases good chances of cure has. If you take the examinations for Early detection If you regularly follow this advice, you yourself will create ideal conditions for prompt therapy.

What is prostate cancer? Man. The small reproductive organ is located under the urinary bladder. Has about the size of a chestnut. The small reproductive organ is located under the urinary bladder. Has about the size of a chestnut. Above all Men at an older age are affected by a tumor on the gland. In Germany annually about 65.000 new cases of which, however, less than one-fifth take a fatal course.

The Growth of the malignant tumor runs usually very slowly and initially starts within the organ. As the disease progresses, there is a possibility of rupture of the enveloping capsule. It is made up of connective tie that cannot withstand the increasing size of the tumor in advanced stages of the disease. In this case, the cancer grows into the neighboring tie, for example into the urinary bladder or the rectum.

Risk factors and possible causes

One of the central factors identified in the development of prostate cancer is the higher age. At least 80 percent of all affected men have the 60. Year of life already exceeded. According to medical estimates, more than 60 percent of all men in this age group have an early form of prostate cancer, which, however, is very small and remains so and accordingly does not require treatment.

The genetic risks The risk of developing the disease is five to ten percent. A man whose father or brother has the disease has a double risk of the disease himself. Long-term Smoking has been shown to be associated with an increased incidence of prostate cancer. With regular high-caloric food and with it connected substantial predominance a risk for the cancer development is suspected. However, this does not apply to prostate tumor disease alone, but to many types of cancer.

Typical symptoms

Unfortunately, with prostate carcinoma there are no typical symptoms, which allows a clear and unambiguous connection to the cancer. If symptoms appear, they usually indicate a tumor of considerable size that has already spread inside the prostate and possibly outside it as well. The size affects neighboring organs, resulting in various symptoms. As with many sensations in the body, there is a possibility that the perceived impairments are of a completely harmless nature and have no connection to the prostate gland. It is advisable that you visit your doctor to clarify the signs in an examination if necessary.

The following symptoms may be associated with a advanced prostate cancer in connection:

– Problems with urination – Traces of blood in the ejaculate (seminal fluid) or in the urine – Pain or other disturbances during sexual intercourse – Painful sensations in the hip, pelvis or back area

Diagnosis of the disease

If your doctor suspects a disease of the prostate gland, he first scans the organ, to detect changes. In addition, he determines the so-called PSA value (prostate specific antigen). This is a protein that is formed within the prostate cells. It is used for sperm liquefaction and is usually produced in increased quantities in the case of a malignant organ change. The determination of the PSA value takes place through a blood test.

If the previous signs suggest prostate cancer, a testicle removal with subsequent biopsy (tie removal) instead of. This is the only way to definitively determine or exclude the disease. In addition, there are further diagnostic possibilities that determine the tumor in more detail in terms of its size and malignancy. This includes for example ultrasound or the Bone scintigraphy (nuclear medical imaging procedure).

Course of treatment

Before treatment, the tumor is classified in terms of its malignancy. In the case of prostate cancer that is localized and has not metastasized, the physician removes the carcinoma by surgery. There is also the possibility of a alternative radiotherapy. In both cases, there is a high probability of a complete cure.

In the case of more advanced cancer, either surgery or a combination of hormone therapy and radiotherapy Appointed. If the tumor has already metastasized, there is usually a Removal of the testicles followed by chemotherapy instead of.

Course of the disease and prognosis

The course of the disease depends very much on the Stage from when your doctor discovered the tumor. The screening examination is of elementary importance here. Gives you a good chance of a complete cure. Also the degree of malignancy of a tumor influences the further course. Tumor cells with rapid growth indicate an aggressive form of cancer. Decrease the chances of cure accordingly. In principle, however, prostate cancer, provided it is detected early enough, belongs to the forms of cancer with a relatively good survival rate.

rehabilitation measure within the scope of aftercare

Following the completion of the medical treatment the Time of the aftercare. These include regular examinations, but also a rehabilitative measure, before the regular daily routine starts again. Many patients are physically weakened after the operations and need time to become fit and able to perform again. Frequently, secondary diseases are also present, which can also be treated in the course of a rehabilitation measure. This includes, for example, targeted strengthening of the pelvic floor muscles through physiotherapy in the case of incontinence disorders. Your attending physician will discuss with you whether outpatient or inpatient rehab makes sense. The rehab service centers, which are available for consultation at the health insurance companies, are also helpful sources of information.

Goals of rehabilitative treatment

A rehabilitation (from Latin: rehabilitatio = restoration) serves to reintegrate a previously ill person into his or her usual everyday life. For this purpose, services are provided to support you on a medical and, if necessary, psychosocial level. The primary goal is disease management and a reduction of the associated limitations. The treatment takes the form of sports therapy measures, medical and nursing therapies, or therapeutic discussions.

Application and time frame

Your attending physician will help you with the application process. He has the appropriate application forms ready that you will need for approval. The Cost applicationsr is either the sick- respectively Care Fund or the Pension insurance provider. If you are employed and plan to return to your job, the pension insurer is responsible in any case.

The time to start rehab is usually after the cancer treatment is finished, so after surgery or radiation therapy. The duration is about three weeks.

Conclusion

Prostate cancer is not necessarily hopeless news. If you regularly attend the recommended preventive check-up, you will have very good conditions for a complete cure. After treatment, rehab will help you get back on your feet again. The use of this service is voluntary. Even if you had an uncomplicated course of the disease, the measure is helpful to recover fully. The mental stress associated with cancer is an important phenomenon that affects more than is apparent at first glance. Urologists generally recommend a rehabilitative measure following treatment.

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