Psoriasis often more than just a skin disease gesundheitsstadt berlin

Psoriasis: Often more than just a skin diseaseAt first glance, psoriasis is a skin disease – because that's what you see. In fact, "psoriasis," as physicians call it, is an autoimmune disease that is associated with the risk of certain typical concomitant diseases. And there are a number of them.

Psoriasis: Looks contagious – but it's not. In its own body, however, it can trigger other diseases: chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, for example. – Photo: AdobeStock/irina_g

Psoriasis is one of the most common skin diseases. In Germany alone, more than 1.5 million people suffer from psoriasis. On the occasion of World Psoriasis Day the Barmer The treatment of psoriasis is one of the most common skin diseases, and in addition to itching, red skin and white-silver scales, it is often accompanied by serious concomitant diseases.

Psoriasis increases risk of diabetes or depression

"Psoriasis is usually accompanied by other diseases such as obesity, diabetes, high blood prere, joint disease or depression" says Gabriela Leyh, regional director of the Barmer Berlin/Brandenburg. "Early diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis and its possible concomitant diseases is therefore important."

An autoimmune reaction is behind psoriasis

Psoriasis is now regarded as a chronic inflammatory disease in which the skin changes are only one aspect. The more severely a patient is affected by psoriasis, the higher is his or her risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as colitis ulcera and Crohn's disease occur more frequently in psoriasis sufferers, according to the Barmer twice as often as in the general population. They are also more frequently affected by depression. In addition, complications such as a heart attack occur more than twice as frequently. Behind the Psoriasis is an autoimmune reaction. The immune system is overactive and releases increased amounts of messenger substances that trigger various inflammatory reactions.

Mild cases of neurodermatitis can be treated externally. In more severe cases, drug treatment may be necessary. Dermatological. read

So psoriasis can be treated

Those who suffer from skin changes are treated primarily with horn-dissolving and anti-inflammatory ointments or medicated oil baths. Depending on the severity, light therapy with or without UV radiation is also used. Drugs in the form of tablets or injections, which reduce the activity of the immune system, not only act on the skin, but also against inflammation, for example in affected joints. "Since stress can trigger psoriasis flare-ups in many patients, learning relaxation techniques such as yoga is highly recommended. It is also important to know that psoriasis is not contagious", says Barmer-Expert Leyh.

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