Questions on the topic of psychosomatics.

Patients with psychosomatic disorders suffer from single or multiple physical symptoms, for which No satisfactory medical explanation can be found. Many affected patients are very unhappy that the general practitioners and specialists they have consulted have not been able to find a known disease and thus no effective medical treatment option. The symptoms can affect all parts of the body.

The following, excerpted, symptoms can occur in those affected:

Multiple symptomsHeadaches

– Back pain – Facial pain – Muscle pain – Gastrointestinal complaints – Heart complaints – Respiratory complaints

neurological symptoms

– Dizziness – gait insecurity – muscle weakness

The physical symptoms are usually medically harmless, but cause great subjective suffering and significant impairment in daily life and occupational performance in affected patients.

Causes

Stress and Overload are very often the cause of psychosomatic disorders. As a consequence of prolonged overuse, it may lead to Physical reactions and complaints come that cannot be clearly assigned by the physician to a specific medical condition. Sometimes physical malpositions, psychological stress or excessive self-observation of one's own body are the basis of the psychosomatic disorder. In not infrequent cases, it may also be the case that no clear cause for the physical complaints can be found. If a medical condition could be ruled out in these cases, it is no longer necessary to have further intensive medical examinations and treatments performed. Rather, the patient should learn to "live" with his symptoms or. reduce the associated impairments to a minimum.

Diagnosis

To determine a psychosomatic disorder, the following are performed first medical examinations of the physical complaints described by the patient by a physician of your choice, in order to exclude physical causes to a large extent. In the conversation with the psychologist, the psychological aspects are then recorded. If necessary, examinations are carried out with the help of psychological tests and questionnaires. The psychologist has a variety of standardized questionnaires and checklists at her disposal for a precise assessment of the disorder, the severity of the disorder, and the impairments associated with this condition.

Prognosis

At active cooperation The patient's psychological treatment has a good chance of reducing the severity and unpleasantness of the physical complaints and thus of restoring a better physical well-being. Many patients learn in treatment to no longer feel helplessly at the mercy of their physical ailments. By dealing with psychological stress factors, in most cases, a significant improvement of the psychosomatic disorder could be achieved. The treatment plan also includes, if needed, physical activation measures, a reduction in medication use, and exercise to build positive and health-promoting activities.

The fact that good cooperation between patient and psychologist is indispensable here corresponds to the character of this disorder with its reciprocal links between body, soul and life circumstances.

counseling& treatment

Realistically, the goal of psychotherapeutic treatment must often be, not to eliminate the symptom completely, but to improve the subjectively experienced discomfort or. Burden of the symptom to reduce. Complete elimination of physical symptoms would be desirable, but in many cases is unrealistic. However, there are many ways to better accept and tolerate the discomfort by changing your behavior or attitude.

The clarification of what causes and intensifies the complaints and dysfunctions, in which situation they occur more or not at all, by which inner experience they are triggered or accompanied, is decisive.

Methods

The psychotherapeutic treatment supports this process of clarification. Through Problem analysis and -update the experience with one's own body becomes clearer in its contexts. The experience-oriented methods in particular allow us to better understand the language of the body and to see it more clearly in its contexts. The treatment happens preferably by Individual treatment.

Learning a relaxation method, usually autogenic training, promotes self-awareness, especially of the healthy and stable functions of the body, and also the ability to relax. Body psychotherapy, supplemented by practicing relaxation techniques, such as z.B. progressive muscle relaxation, supports this process.

Psychologically guided Conversations help to understand, raise awareness, give important suggestions and strengthen self-confidence. In the theme-centered conversations, information is conveyed, experiences are evaluated, and coping and individual problem-solving strategies are developed.

Implementation

If the reactions of the body have become more comprehensible and patterns of experience and behavior have been assigned to certain situations or experiences, the conscious changing and practicing of new patterns of behavior or reaction begins. In interpersonal relationships as well as in dealing with oneself and one's own body, alternative behavioral possibilities are tried out, corrected and stabilized.

Towards the end of the treatment, the patient is increasingly faced with the task of concretely transferring what he has experienced and tried out to his everyday situation. The planning of concrete steps for the professional. Private everyday life pose an important task. Sometimes a joint discussion with the partner or the family is still an important component of the psychological treatment, in other cases the initiation of further individual, group or family treatment is the sensible next step.

The aim of the psychological treatment is to bring the patient back to the "normal" state of being, despite his physical complaints active life is attributed to you.

Questions about the topic "Psychosomatics?

Visit my practice for psychotherapy and psychology in Villach!

My Practice for psychotherapy and psychology in Villach – Carinthia is available for all consultations and treatments with up to 6 people.

costs:

You have the possibility to apply for a cost subsidy at your social insurance. If this is approved, it will reimburse you part of the fee paid.

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