child disease skin rashNo sooner have you eaten something wrong, worn second-hand clothes or tried a new cream than redness, spots or itchy blisters on your skin make themselves felt. However, the rash may also be a sign or symptom of certain diseases.
Have sudden redness or blisters on certain areas of the skin? These diseases could be the cause.
Allergies or skin irritations caused by food, clothing materials or cosmetic products are not always responsible for a rash – also Exanthem called – responsible. The following diseases can also be the cause of a skin rash. A rash can occur as a symptom of many diseases. In the diagnosis provide information about the present cause. These are not necessarily always diseases that directly and exclusively affect the skin, but also other organs or areas of the body. The following diseases can be recognized in many cases by a rash.
1. Typical childhood diseases
As the name of this bacterial infectious disease suggests, one of the main symptoms is a reddish rash that usually appears in the folds of the Armpits, on the chest or in the groin begins. Throat inflammation can also occur with this extremely contagious disease. Because of its high risk of infection. In the meantime, there is a vaccination obligation for the measles virus. And rightly so. Because besides the characteristic skin rash with red spots behind the ears and on the neck the infection often leads to middle ear and lung infections as well as brain inflammation (encephalitis) with a potentially fatal course. Rubella
This viral disease is caused by an RNA virus in childhood and results in a reddish rash that is behind the ears begins and spreads over the entire body in the form of red-brownish spots. Due to high vaccination rates (up to 97 percent), rubella has fortunately been nearly eradicated in large parts of the world. Chickenpox
This highly contagious childhood disease is also usually recognizable by its typical skin rash, which is accompanied by itchy and painful redness, mainly in the face, appear on the scalp and upper body, and spread from there to the rest of the body.
2. Infectious diseases in adults
The above-mentioned children's diseases can also affect adults. However, the following infectious diseases are more typical in adulthood:
What chicken pox is for children, shingles is for adults. Because both diseases are caused by the Herpes zoster triggered. After chickenpox in childhood, you are actually immune for life, but if your immune system weakens in adulthood – for example, due to stress, autoimmune diseases or even infections such as HIV – you may experience a new outbreak. Typical of shingles is the painful rash in the trunk area, which is accompanied by blisters and redness. Other herpes viruses can also change the appearance of the skin, z.B. Blisters on the lip caused by herpes simplex. Scabies
On the one hand, infection with scabies mites can occur through direct skin contact from person to person. On the other hand, the small pathogens can survive for up to 48 hours on clothing, bedding or wool blankets and from there burrow into a person's skin. After two to five weeks, the mites then trigger scabies, which is characterized by redness, blisters and small, sinuous Mite ducts becomes visible on the skin. The intense itching leads to constant scratching, which is responsible for the name of the disease. Lyme disease
The so-called Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne bacterial infectious disease. Its typical identifying feature is the Wandering redness – a red, often circular rash that forms around the tick bite after several days or weeks. Although the infection is often asymptomatic, it may be accompanied by flu-like symptoms such as fatigue and fever, as well as muscle and joint pain, whereupon antibiotic therapy is required.
3. Skin diseases
Due to severe changes in the appearance of the skin, diseases of the skin are often associated with a Stigma which increases the suffering of those affected. However, the rashes of acne, neurodermatitis& Co. unlike the infectious diseases mentioned above, tetanus is generally not contagious. Typical skin diseases can be caused by autoimmune defects, chronic inflammation, environmental pollutants, and genetic and hormonal factors.