Rash in children: symptom of childhood disease?
Your child has developed a rash? We reveal which disease is behind it and how you can recognize it! Photo: Adobe Stock, (c) Mediteraneo
What can it mean when Children rash have? In some cases, it's a harmless food allergy, but in other cases, the rash can be a Symptom of a children's disease its. And among these diseases, there are some that can go undiagnosed and/or untreated leading to life-threatening complications can cause. HEROLD clarifies which children's diseases cause which form(s) of skin rash and for which symptoms parents should medical advice should catch up.
When children have a rash – childhood diseases
Most of the known children's diseases go with one characteristic or uncharacteristic skin rash at. This can be itchy, oozing and painful, or completely asymptomatic. Children's illnesses are very similar to each other: they mostly, though not exclusively, occur in the early childhood at. They are caused by Viruses> or Bacteria are caused, so infectious. Just about all of them are transmitted by Droplet infection, some additionally per Smear infection transmitted.
Often, a disease can be identified by the rash, as its Appearance, Distribution on the body and often its Duration is typical of a particular disease. Other symptoms of childhood illnesses include non-specific symptoms like z.B. Cough, cold or fever.
Overview: In our article What are the children's diseases?? Overview of the most common childhood illnesses. of their typical symptoms.
rash for three-day fever
The Three-Day Fever (also known as the sixth disease) is a contagious infection. It is triggered by two different types of herpes viruses. Children's illness is characterized by high fever, which usually lasts for three days. As soon as the fever subsides, a sudden onset develops Skin rash It is about Fine, sometimes slightly raised Stains on the skin, which is typically Trunk, the Neck and that Face are limited.
The rash is rather fleeting and fades after about three days again. Unfortunately, there is no vaccination against the disease. The treatment is symptomatic, so fever-reducing agents are used if necessary. If the infection is accompanied by febrile convulsions, these must be treated separately. If the fever lasts longer than three days or is particularly high, it is also a case for the doctor.
This is what the rash looks like with three-day fever. It is not painful. Fades away quickly. viruses is triggered. must be treated as soon as possible. Even with successful treatment, the consequence can be a extremely weakened immune system, a bronchitis, an inflammation of the middle ear, lungs or brain may be left behind. How measles is treated and What vaccination is absolutely necessary to protect your child from infection, you will learn in the article Measles: everything about vaccination, symptoms and treatment.
At the beginning, the infection is difficult to recognize, since only non-specific symptoms such as fever and cough occur. The Rash, which is characteristic of measles, begins on about the fourth or fifth day of illness on the head, attacks within two to three days spread to the trunk and extremities and disappear After about three days From. Characteristic is also an enanthem (mucous membrane rash) in the mouth. These so-called Koplik spots are punctiform redness with a white center in the cheek mucosa.
This is what measles looks like. If you see this symptom in your child, you should immediately see the doctor. Photo: Adobe Stock, (c) bilanol
Rash in ringworm
Ringworm is a contagious viral infection caused by parvovirus B19. In most cases, the disease progresses without symptoms or complaints. However, some children develop flu-like symptoms and/or a Rash. This first appears butterfly-shaped on the face. Later there are ring and garland shaped itchy, red spots on the extensor sides of the arms and legs, later also on the flexor sides and the trunk. Healing takes place after about 2 weeks.
In contrast to "real" rubella, there is no vaccination against ringworm for no vaccination and the treatment consists of relieving the symptoms. Ringworm during pregnancy is not as dangerous for the expectant mother as rubella, but it can also lead to complications come.
Rash with rubella
The rubella (also called rubella, rubeola) are a contagious infectious disease, caused by the rubella virus. Typical symptoms besides the rash are Fever and treat Swelling of the lymph nodes. Malformations in babies. Can lead to miscarriages. That's why it's extremely important to get your child vaccinated against rubella. The treatment is symptomatic. Rubella is in Austria reportable. trunk as well as arms. Spread legs. After about three days the rash disappears again.
The typical rubella rash (reddened individual spots) begins on the face and then spreads over the body. Photo: Adobe Stock, (c) andriano_cz
Scarlet fever rash
Scarlet fever is a childhood disease that by bacteria is triggered and breaks out very suddenly. Usually children get sick between four and seven years at. Typical symptoms are fever, vomiting, chills and an inflammation of the throat (pharyngitis).
So far there are no vaccine the disease. Treatment is usually with antibiotics such as penicillin and antipyretic drugs. Difficulty swallowing can be treated by gargling or topical pain-relieving lozenges. The characteristic rash occurs 12 to 24 hours after the onset of illness, it first appears in the armpits or groin and quickly spreads to the trunk and limbs.
These are closely spaced, pinhead-sized and intense red spots. After about a week, the skin flakes off, first on the head, later on the whole body. Also characteristic of the disease is an intensely red colored tongue, also Strawberry tongue Called.
Scarlet fever not only appears on the body, but also affects the tongue. Photo: Adobe Stock, (c) Lukassek
Rash in chickenpox
chickenpox or Wet patches are a very contagious disease caused by varicella viruses. It is particularly dangerous when an expectant mother becomes infected with chickenpox, because the viruses can cause a weakened immune system in the unborn child severe developmental damage In the worst case, it can even cause the child to die in the womb or shortly after birth.
If a (small) child gets infected with chickenpox, in most cases there is a normal course without complications. The chickenpox rash is very characteristic – After a few days, on the trunk and face, and later on the limbs, variously sized and often itchy red spots, from which small nodules develop a short time later. Vesicles form in the center of these nodules, which contain the highly contagious viral fluid.
According to two to three days The vesicles burst and a yellowish-brown crust forms, which falls off by itself after one to two weeks. Normally remain no scars Back. The viruses, however, remain in the body for the rest of the patient's life after the infection and can be transmitted at a later stage and in the case of weakened immune system cause shingles.
The chickenpox rash is very characteristic. In severe cases the blisters also form on the mucous membranes. Photo: Adobe Stock, (c) Tatyana
rash caused by hand-foot-mouth disease
The Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (also called foot-and-mouth disease) is a viral and extremely contagious infectious disease, which only occurs in Europe sporadic appears. In most cases, the disease is completely asymptomatic or very mild. About 30% of affected children experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat and loss of appetite.
One to two days later a painful rash in the oral mucosa with Vesicle formation especially in the area of the tongue, gums, hard palate and mucous membranes of the cheeks. At the same time, a rash with vesicles also develops on the Palms of the hands and to the soles of the feet. In some cases, the buttocks may also be affected. There is no vaccination, treatment takes place symptomatic.
In hand-foot-and-mouth disease, characteristic blisters may also appear around the mouth. Photo: Adobe Stock, (c) Krzysztof
rash associated with Kawasaki syndrome
The Kawasaki syndrome is a systemic disease, which in the early stages causes symptoms similar to those of measles or scarlet fever, but can clearly dangerous is. The main symptom is initially high fever, followed by characteristic skin lesions. The dangerous thing about this disease, which mainly affects small children, is that it is associated with a Vascular inflammation of the small and medium-sized arteries, which is usually. How Kawasaki is diagnosed and treated, you will learn in our article Kawasaki syndrome: signs, detection and late effects.
Typical of Kawasaki are dry, swollen, cracked and intense red lips, a Strawberry tongue and an intense reddening of the oral mucous and pharyngeal skin. Later occurs a non-itchy rash which is usually limited to the Rump limited to. Characteristic are also painful swellings on the palms and soles of the feet. Between the 2.