The right way to register as unemployed or seeking work: When do I have to do what??The terms "unemployed" and "looking for work" are often used synonymously in everyday life. In fact, however, there are two different processes behind this. If you lose your job, you must usually register as both unemployed and looking for work. Otherwise you risk reductions in your unemployment benefits. Here you can find out what the difference is between the two and which deadlines you have to observe.
Timely notification is decisive for unemployment benefits
Regardless of whether you give notice yourself, a fixed-term employment contract expires or your employer hands you notice: as soon as it is foreseeable that you will soon be without a job and will need a new job to support yourself, you must inform the Employment Agency. And immediately. The legal basis for this is § 38 of the Third Book of the Social Code (SGB III). If you violate this rule, you will be subject to sanctions for unemployment benefits later on.
When do you have to register as a jobseeker?
The SGB III stipulates that you must register as a jobseeker at least three months before your employment relationship ends. In practice, however, this is only possible if your employment contract is subject to at least a three-month notice period or if it is limited in time from the outset. Therefore the following deadlines apply Job application:
Three days after becoming aware of the situation about the end of the employment relationship, for example, after receiving the notice of termination, if the employment relationship ends in less than three months. At least three months before the end of your contract, If the end of the employment relationship is known more than three months in advance.
You basically have to register personally at the relevant employment agency looking for work. In order to meet the deadline, however, it may be sufficient if you initially only register by telephone or via the corresponding online form.
What happens if you do not register as a jobseeker in good time??
If you do not register as a job seeker within the prescribed period, a one-week blocking period will be imposed on your unemployment benefits. The entitlement Unemployment benefit will be reduced by one week.
However, the actual aim of the job-seeker notification is not that you receive unemployment benefits. But that the employment agency supports you in your job search and, ideally, finds you a new job. And the sooner the notification is made, the higher the probability that this will work out seamlessly. Therefore the obligation to register early.
As a rule of thumb, you should register as a jobseeker as long as you are still in a job. Unemployed only when you are actually without a job. Of course, the two can also coincide, for example in the case of termination without notice.
When do you have to register as unemployed?
Registration as a job seeker does not ensure that unemployment benefits are automatically paid after the end of the employment relationship. The unemployment registration is decisive for this. It is at the same time the application for ALG I, if there is a right to it.
Different deadlines apply than for the job-seeker registration, which are regulated in § 141 SGB III. It is possible to register as unemployed up to three months before the actual occurrence of expected unemployment. At the latest on the first day of unemployment, the Unemployment registration must be made. The only exception: If the responsible agency is closed on that day, it is sufficient to report on the next day that the agency is back in service. Unemployment registration must be done in person in all cases. As a rule, it is not possible to register as unemployed by telephone, e-mail or letter.
Late registration for unemployment can have far-reaching consequences: In the worst case, your entitlement to ALG I will be completely forfeited and you will only receive ALG II, i.e. Hartz IV. Even if you are not entitled to ALG-I, it is important to register for unemployment in good time. Because only then does unemployment count as a crediting period for the statutory pension.