Heart attack, testicular shrinkage and erectile dysfunction – these are just some of the side effects of anabolic steroids. In addition to freely available anabolic steroids, counterfeit products are also offered, the consumption of which can often have drastic consequences. Thick muscle packs or just longer. Running faster: Doping is not only widespread in professional sports. Performance-enhancing drugs are also often abused in recreational sports, especially in the bodybuilding scene. That's where anabolic steroids are most commonly consumed. But taking them carries a high risk, as numerous side effects can occur.
Side effects of anabolic steroids
Anabolic androgenic steroid hormones (AAS), also known as anabolic steroids, can cause steroid acne, cardiac arrhythmias, liver damage such as jaundice and cirrhosis, testicular shrinkage and erectile dysfunction.
Women may experience clitoral hypertrophy, an enlargement of the vagina. In addition the cancer-. Heart attack risk increase. Psychological changes, such as depression, sleep disorders or increasing aggressiveness, are also some of the negative side effects. For prolonged use of steroids. The body develops a tolerance to other doping substances. Thus, the consumer increases the dose gradually, also often several preparations are taken at the same time.
Dealing in steroids is a multi-million dollar business. For this reason, there is now a large black market for drugs, on which there are also more and more counterfeit products in circulation. This can lead to incorrect dosages and the ingestion of the wrong and contaminated active ingredients. This significantly increases the health risks associated with taking the drugs.
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Prominent doping cases
The general public became aware of anabolic steroids through doping scandals involving professional athletes. One of the best-known cases of doping is that of the Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson, who was found to have taken the synthetic anabolic steroid stanozolol after his 100-meter Olympic victory in Seoul in 1988.
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In 1987, the German heptathlete Birgit Dressel died of toxic shock. The track and field athlete was found to have taken 20 different drugs from three doctors.