Childhood diseases have long since become an ie not only for children – more and more adults are unfortunately also suffering from measles, mumps, whooping cough and Co. We show why this can be dangerous.
Diarrhea, flu, chickenpox – at daycare, many children have one infection after another. These are the diseases parents should know about.
Berlin. Parents and educators know: Daycare centers and kindergartens are breeding grounds for viruses and bacteria of all kinds. Unfortunately, the little ones do not care that they are snuffy or coughing. They sneeze boldly in the face of the other person.
It is all the more important to keep sick children away from others for long enough. But how long is enough? The most important children's diseases at a glance.
With coughs, colds, headaches and aching limbs, children need plenty of fluids and rest. They should stay at home until they have been properly fit for a whole day.
"If you were to say in the evening, "Today you could have gone back to daycare"", and that without fever-reducing medication, the child is healthy," explains Tanja Brunnert from the Lower Saxony professional association of pediatricians and adolescent doctors.
Stomach and intestinal infections
The be-all and end-all for such conditions is fluids. "The smaller the child, the more dangerous diarrhea is, because it can dehydrate," says Bernhard Riedl, a family physician and research associate at the Technical University of Munich. Only after two days without symptoms is the child healthy again.
Infections with rotaviruses, adenoviruses and noroviruses must be reported. If a doctor detects such an infection, he usually takes over the notification to the health department. "However, parents are urged to inform the kindergarten," explains Sabine Kosler, specialist advisor for Berlin kindergartens at Frobel Bildung und Erziehung.
Eyes are red and watery, eyelids are stuck together. Secretions collect in the corner of the eye, which can be washed out with lukewarm water. Parents are better off not using home remedies to get to grips with such inflammations. Instead, a doctor should determine if it is allergic, viral, or bacterial conjunctivitis.
Bacterial inflammations are treated with antibiotic eye drops. If the child receives such drops, he usually has to stay at home for about two days.
Fever and flu-like symptoms are often followed by painful blisters in the mouth and a rash on the palms of the hands and feet, which can vary in severity.
Children should remain at home until the blisters have healed. It can last from seven to ten days. The infectious disease cannot be treated with medication.
What starts with a cold and cough can lead to agonizing seizures in children, especially at night, and even respiratory arrest in infants. With antibiotics, children are contagious for five days, without for three weeks.
The Permanent Vaccination Commission at the Robert Koch Institute advises that all babies be vaccinated against whooping cough. But: vaccination does not protect one hundred percent from the disease. "Parents often don't think about the possible diagnosis in vaccinated children," says Brunnert. Whooping cough must be reported to the public health department.