Tick bite borreliosis and fsme recognize magazine of ideal versicherung

Tick bite – recognizing Lyme disease and TBEIt is springtime. The days are getting longer and warmer, in some places the barbecue is already ready. It is the time for long walks in nature. However, humans are not the only ones who "wake up" again after the long winter months. Ticks are also waiting for the warm days of the year and to bite unsuspecting walkers or animals. So that you are prepared in this regard, we provide the most important tips to protect yourself against ticks.

Risk tick bite

The tick season does not start in spring or even in early summer, but always when it stays warmer than ten degrees for several days and is sufficiently humid at the same time. This is usually not the case until March, but according to the tick radar, the first ticks can appear as early as February. Thus, the tick season generally lasts from February to October. At the same time, this means an increased risk of tick-borne diseases. Because these can bring an infection with FSME or Borreliose with itself. In Germany, the southern regions are particularly at risk. According to estimates, one out of 150 tick bites in the risk regions such as Bavaria or Baden triggers a TBE disease.

What is TBE?

A tick-borne disease is early summer meningoencephalitis, or TBE for short. This is a viral disease that can have a different course depending on the person affected. It is triggered by an infection with the TBE virus, which can attack the meninges and the central nervous system of the sick person. Usually ticks transmit this disease. More precisely: the viruses enter the new host via the saliva of the tick. But ticks.The consumption of untreated milk is also cited as a trigger in this context. Because cows infected with tick-borne meningoencephalitis can, in rare cases, pass the virus on through their milk.

What are the symptoms of TBE?

The symptoms of TBE can differ greatly. Although science has not yet fully investigated how this comes about, in general the age and sex of the sufferer are decisive for the symptomatic course of the TBE disease. It can occur in several phases:

First stage The TBE patient suffers from fever, headache and aching limbs. Because the symptoms strongly resemble summer flu, it is difficult for the doctor to diagnose. For the incubation period may be several weeks .

A more severe form of TBE is inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. It doesn't stop at meningitis. The disease spreads to the whole brain as well as the nerve roots. Impaired consciousness, speech, and swallowing may occur. Psychological changes, for example emotional instability or concentration disorders, and various paralysis symptoms are also possible with this form of the disease.

Under certain circumstances, for example when the patient is very old or has a weakened immune system, TBE can be fatal. However, this occurs rather rarely.

tick bite borreliosis and fsme recognize magazine of ideal versicherung

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Treatment TBE disease

TBE cannot be treated or cured with medication. The doctor is only able to alleviate the symptoms. A small ray of hope: If you were once infected with FSME, you build, so infection protection.The tick develops immunity to the disease for an unknown period of time. If you live in a risk area or are planning to travel to such an area, you can protect yourself against TBE by means of a vaccination.

Important: Because the TBE viruses are transmitted via the saliva of the tick, an infection is already possible with the bite. Even immediate removal of the tick cannot protect against it. However, the risk tends to be lower if the affected person removes the tick promptly.

TBE in children

Children are at higher risk of being bitten by ticks due to playing outdoors. Playgrounds built close to nature can also harbor ticks. However, the disease is easier in children than in adults. Children can also be vaccinated against FSME.

What is Lyme disease?

Lyme disease (also known as Lyme borreliosis) is the most common tick-borne disease. Unlike TBE, it is not triggered by a virus, but by a bacterium. An estimated 50 patients contract the disease each year.000 to 100.000 people are infected with Lyme disease. The infection rate is between ten and 40 percent regionally. Thus, about every third tick is a carrier of infection. However, not every bite necessarily triggers a disease.

Signs of Lyme disease

The most distinctive sign of Lyme disease is the so-called wandering redness. A red spot that forms at the site of the bite and can become larger over the course of several days and weeks. This occurs in 50 to 90 percent of all patients. It is important to note that there may be infections in which there is no migratory redness or in which it disappears quickly. In addition, it can take up to several weeks before the migratory redness is visible. Due to the adaptability of the Lyme disease bacteria, disappearance of the migratory redness does not mean an all-clear signal. Other symptoms such as fatigue, headache, fever and joint pain are also possible. A so-called Lyme disease test is not very informative, because here the doctor examines existing antibodies in the patient. However, these can also occur in healthy people. However, it is possible to rule out late-stage Lyme disease based on the absence of antibodies.

Like TBE, Lyme disease can also proceed in different stages:

First stage The wandering redness spreads. General symptoms such as headache, muscle pain or swollen lymph nodes may occur.

Second stage Nerve pain and paralysis become visible. Possible here are also brain-. meningitis as well as heart muscle inflammation.

Third stage The most common symptoms in the third stage are Lyme arthritis or acrodermatitis. Lyme arthritis attacks the joints, most commonly the knees, hocks or elbows.

How do I protect myself from Lyme disease??

In contrast to TBE, patients are not protected against a new infection if they have already been infected with Lyme disease. Both diseases are medically different. A vaccination against TBE does not protect against Lyme disease. However, because Lyme disease is caused by bacteria, it can be treated with antibiotics.

Lyme disease in children

According to the Robert Koch Institute, many children have Lyme disease antibodies, which means that they may have already been infected once in their lives. However, not every infection leads to an outbreak of disease. The number of people bitten who actually get sick is between 0.5 to 1.5 percent. In children, Lyme disease treatment with antibiotics also works well. According to media reports, it appears that the number of borreliosis cases. Hyalomma tick native to Africa overwinters in Germany for the first time. This is a giant tropical tick that can spread the dangerous Crimean-Congo fever. The course of the disease is similar to that of TBE, but there is no vaccination available. Symptoms of Crimean-Congo fever include fever, dizziness and abdominal pain.

What tick protection is available?

To avoid a tick bite and thus a TBE or Lyme disease, you should minimize the risk. If possible, stay out of tall grass or undergrowth. Because ticks feel particularly comfortable there. Another protection is long, light-colored clothing. It should be light because it is easier to spot ticks on it. Long pants, sleeves and socks make it even more difficult for the tick to access the skin. In addition, you should check your body for ticks after a visit to nature. Ticks usually do not climb higher than 1.50 meters, which is why especially the legs are a popular target. But also all other places, where the skin is thin, can irritate to the puncture. There is a preventive vaccination against TBE. TBE vaccination is also available for children.

What to do in case of tick bite?

The following tools can help minimize the risk of infection from a tick bite:

– Tweezers, tick forceps or tick card (to remove a tick) – Disinfectant, plaster – Tick repellent or insect repellent (prevention)

If you are bitten despite all caution, you must remove the tick as soon as possible. The faster you act, the lower the risk of disease. In addition, to be on the safe side, you should watch out for wandering redness. Should this occur after the bite, a visit to the doctor is recommended.

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