We all know this saying. Originated in the middle of the 19. At the beginning of the twentieth century it has long since entered into everyday usage. Although its origin is not definitively proven. But it can be amed that it was originally aimed at impatient sick people. In this article we will take a closer look at this infusion drink. Strictly speaking – according to ISO standard 3720 – only leaves may be. infusions of the tea plant are called "tea". Herbs-. Fruit teas (so z. B. Ginger tea or nettle tea) are listed as "tea-like products" because they lack the stimulating effect of caffeine. But no matter from which flowers or leaves the infusion is made, especially in the cold season it finds many lovers among us.
A look back at a long history
Historically, the history of tea has been documented since about 2.000 years, if one believes Chinese legends it is even already 5.000 years. In the 8. Century v. Chr. tea tax was already the main source of income in China. From then on, the tea continued its journey around the world. In 16. In the 19th century, tea was one of the coveted goods of East India and was thus brought to Europe. In the beginning it was a drink of kings because of its high price. Thus, Catherine of Braganza, wife of the English king from 1662 to 1685, is considered the founder of tea time in England.
Variety of species
If the tea is to be made in its very original way, the tea leaves freshly plucked from the bush must be placed in hot water. However, since these leaves do not keep very long, the specific fermentation and drying was developed. With this storage capability also moved the biodiversity. Depending on the degree of oxidation, four traditional forms are distinguished:
Green tea – There is no intentional oxidation. White tea – It gets its name from the hairs on the underside of the dried tea leaves, which give it a white-silver color. There is no intentional oxidation. Oolong – It is partially oxidized. Black tea (called red tea in East Asia) – Here, complete oxidation takes place.
Count as less known:
Post-fermented tea (it is called black tea in Asia) It is a formerly green to oolong tea that is then matured for several months to several years. Yellow tea is a specialty produced only in China. It is harvested like white tea, but receives minimal oxidation.
Each type of tea, in turn, is associated with different types of tea. When buying a tea, the size and appearance of the leaves is noted on the packaging in addition to the type of tea. Depending on the gradation, there are globally defined names for it.
And in order to be able to offer the suitable beverage for each lover, further mixtures and refinements take place with these basic varieties. For example, fresh flowers are added to green or black tea in order to obtain flavored teas. If the leaves are smoked while drying in the smoke of resin-rich wood, one obtains so-called smoked teas. Roasted teas are usually made from green tea that is briefly roasted in a pan at high temperatures.
Cozy and healthy
Whether "real tea" or tea-like beverage: tea spreads warmth and comfort. Especially in the cold season we love him for it. It is also a calorie-free drink, provided it is not mixed with sugar, honey or milk. This makes it a good alternative, along with water, to provide the body with the fluid it needs every day.
But it can do even more: especially the black and green tea are attributed far-reaching health-promoting properties, although not all are sufficiently scientifically proven.
The main active ingredients in tea are:
Caffeine: Released from the tea, it promotes cerebral blood flow as well as brain metabolism, increasing concentration and reaction time. Our tip: coffee or tea? It is better to opt for tea – here the caffeine has a slower but longer effect.
Tannins: They have a soothing effect on the stomach and intestines. It is important to steep the tea for at least three minutes, but not longer than 5 minutes. Before that, the tannins have not yet dissolved and afterwards the bitter tannins predominate, which then affect the taste of the tea.
Vitamin B1 and thiamine: It counteracts stress.
Fluoride: As an important trace element it u.a. Important for our teeth. Our nervous system. Stimulates the blood vessels.
Manganese: It lowers blood sugar levels and promotes protein metabolism and connective tie formation.
Epigallocatechin gallate (primarily found in green tea): A blood prere lowering and thus heart protecting effect as well as an antimicrobial effect have already been proven. Various studies are still underway on a suspected tumor-inhibiting or even tumor-protecting effect.
Polyphenols: They contribute to skin protection.
In addition, tea contains ingredients, such as potassium, iron, magnesium, vitamins, calcium, iodine and zinc, which our body needs daily.
Many of us know it well: stress. Caused by job and/or family it can lead fast also to physical complaints. Here a good tea can offer us a moment of rest. Take your time. Try our recipe… Unroll the cozy blanket evenly on the couch. Subsequently put down. Wrap slowly in the blanket. Let the music trickle in, add the tea and cookies and continue to linger like this. Duration: about 60 minutes, longer if needed. Turn from time to time. Note: Also suitable for allergy sufferers. For a sugar-free option, replace the cookies with oranges.