Adolescent tobacco useThe formation of personal and social identity during adolescence is often associated with health risk behaviors. Falling within the scope of risky behavior z.B. the use of legal and illegal drugs, unhealthy eating habits or violence. However, most of these behaviors can not only have an immediate impact on health in adolescence, but are often maintained later in life. That is why it is important to intervene as early as possible. The use of psychoactive substances such as tobacco, alcohol and cannabis is particularly widespread among young people.
Reference to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
Article 33 normalizes the protection against addictive substances. According to this provision, States Parties should take all appropriate measures, including legislative, administrative, social and educational measures, to protect children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, as defined in the relevant international instruments, and to prevent the use of children in the illicit manufacture of, and trafficking in, such substances.
Tobacco use among Austrian schoolchildren by gender
Proportion of Austrian schoolchildren aged 11, 13 and 15 who report smoking. Proportions in % – the age groups correspond to the average age of school grades 5, 7 and 9.
To minimize distortions and achieve better comparability, the data were adjusted to those of 2014 by weighting with regard to the distribution of gender and school levels (own calculation). Source: Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection, data from the HBSC study
Tobacco use among Austrian schoolchildren by gender and age in 2018
Proportion of Austrian schoolchildren aged 11, 13, 15 and 17 who report smoking. Proportions in % – the age groups correspond to the average age of school grades 5, 7, 9 and 11.
Source: Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection, data from the HBSC study
Tobacco use by 17-year-old students by sex
Proportion of Austrian schoolchildren aged 17 who report smoking. Proportions in % – age corresponds to the average age of the 11. School level.
Daily smokers (17-year-olds) by gender
Proportion of Austrian students aged 17 who report smoking daily. Proportions in % – age corresponds to the average age of 11. School Level.
To minimize distortions and achieve better comparability, the data from 2010 and 2014 were adjusted to those from 2018 by weighting with regard to gender distribution (own calculation). Source: Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection, data from the HBSC study
Development according to the HBSC study
The data presented are from an international research network collaborating with WHO in the sog. HBSC (Health Behavior in School-aged Children) study surveyed. The decline in adolescent smoking rates could be related to a change in youth culture, in which social contacts are now established via social media rather than through the joint practice of risky behaviors such as tobacco or alcohol consumption. Similar is the case for self-portrayal of oneself as an "adult". Since tobacco consumption is also declining among adults, they are visibly losing their negative role model effect in this respect, which, as studies show, has a considerable influence on young people's smoking behavior. The increasingly critical media discussion on the subject due to restrictions on smoking in pubs and public places may also have contributed to this.
Tobacco use increases with age, as expected. There are only slight differences between the genders. These indicate that girls are slightly more likely to be smokers overall, but smoke less intensively, i.e. fewer cigarettes on fewer days per week.
The trend shows that the proportion of 11- to 15-year-old schoolchildren who report smoking has declined continuously since then, following an increase from 1994 to 1998. Similarly, the proportion of daily smokers has steadily decreased, from 9.7% (1998) to 7.6% (2006) to 2.9% (2018).
The smoking behavior of 17-year-old students has only been surveyed in the HBSC study since 2010. Here, by 2018, there was a halving of the rates of smoking (from 49.8% to 24.9%). The rate of daily smokers in 2018, at 8.6%, was actually less than a third of the rate in 2010 (31.9%).
Adolescents who smoke daily according to the Austrian Health Interview Survey
In the ATHIS (Austrian Health Interview Survey) conducted by Statistik Austria as part of the European Statistical System, u.a. The current smoking status of the resident population aged 15 years and older in private households surveyed. The proportions of adolescents aged 15 to 19 years who smoke daily declined between the 2006 and 2014 ATHIS, from 21% to 18% among girls and from 26% to 22% among boys. The expansion of tobacco use with increasing age was clearly evident among the generation born in 1987-1991, who were aged 15 to 19 in the 2006 ATHIS: The proportion of daily smokers in the 2014 ATHIS was nine or.