Treat vaginal fungus infection in the intimate area and prevent it correctly

If a woman's intimate area itches and burns, this is usually due to a vaginal fungal infection. How to get rid of the unpleasant symptoms, read the DONNA online health guide.

Three out of four women have a vaginal fungus at least once in their lives. Infection in the genital area is not only unpleasant, but is usually embarrassing for those affected. Completely unjustified: with the right medication. Hygiene measures are a good way to get vaginal mycosis under control. The most important tips for treatment. Prevention at a glance.

Vaginal mycosis is the most common fungal disease in women. The infection in the genital area can occur at any age and is definitely no reason to be ashamed. Because vaginal fungus, also called vaginal mycosis, vaginal candidiasis or vulvovaginal candidiasis, is neither a sexually transmitted disease, nor does the fungal infestation have anything to do with poor hygiene. Find out which measures prevent you from getting vaginal fungus and how to treat the fungal disease in our health guide.

How vaginal fungus develops?

The fact that the vagina is colonized by microorganisms is completely normal and not harmful to health. On the contrary, the vagina is inhabited by numerous species of bacteria, including lactic acid bacteria (lactobacilli). Lactic acid is responsible for the acidic pH in the female reproductive organ, which inhibits the spread of harmful bacteria and fungi and ensures a natural balance within the vagina. If the vaginal flora is disturbed, for example, by excessive cleaning of the intimate area or the use of certain medications, certain types of fungi can multiply unchecked – for example, the yeast Candida albicans. It is responsible for vaginal fungus in about 80 percent of cases. In addition, the yeasts Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis are also triggers for a fungal infection in the vagina.

Causes of vaginal mycosis

Yeast fungi can only spread unchecked in the vagina when their acidic environment is out of balance. Possible disturbing factors are for example an exaggerated intimate hygiene. Cleaning the intimate area with aggressive detergents. However, hormonal changes during pregnancy or the contraceptive pill, underwear and clothing that are too tight or impermeable to air, sexual intercourse, and the use of certain medications (such as antibiotics) also favor the development of vaginal mycosis. A weakened immune system can also be the cause of Candida albicans and other yeasts multiplying in the vagina – for example, after an influenza infection, in diabetes or as a result of chemotherapy.

Vaginal fungus during menopause

Not only during pregnancy, but also before menopause, women suffer particularly frequently from a fungal infection in the vagina. This is because the hormonal changes during menopause and the falling estrogen level change the vaginal flora: the mucous membrane in the intimate area becomes drier, more sensitive and less well supplied with blood. Vaginal dryness and irritated mucous membranes in turn make it easy for yeast to spread. In addition to mood swings, hot flashes and irregular menstrual cycles, vaginal mycosis is also a typical menopausal symptom. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) also alters the natural balance in the vaginal environment and promotes fungal infections.

After consultation with a gynecologist, a lactic acid cure during menopause can help prevent vaginal dryness and fungal infections in the genital area. This involves introducing preparations containing lactic acid into the vagina as a capsule, cream or gel to normalize the pH in the vagina and promote the proliferation of beneficial lactobacilli.

Symptoms: Typical signs of vaginal mycosis

Women who have contracted vaginal fungus notice an unpleasant itching and burning in the genital area. In addition, there is redness and swelling of the affected areas at the vaginal entrance and on the external genitals (vulva).

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