Vomiting and/or diarrhea is one of the most common reasons dog owners seek veterinary advice. Some dogs have a habit of eating all sorts of things they shouldn't, which can lead to an upset stomach. Whether the symptoms resolve themselves or whether your dog needs to see a:n veterinarian depends on how he is feeling and what the vomiting or diarrhea looks like. What are the causes of vomiting. Diarrhea in dogs?Vomiting and diarrhea occur when the stomach and/or intestines are irritated or inflamed. Common causes are bacteria or viruses (similar to human gastroenteritis) but also if your dog eats something inappropriate (similar to human food poisoning).
Other possible causes include swallowing an object (z.B. Toys) causing intestinal obstruction, sudden dietary changes, intestinal parasites, poisoning, parvovirus infections, pancreatitis, side effects of medications, or other inflammatory gastrointestinal conditions (similar to human IBD). Some dogs may lose appetite or weight when they are stressed.
Tip: We recommend vaccinating your dog against parvovirus. Prevention against this disease is very important, because it can lead to death, especially in puppies. Read more about parvovirus in puppies on our blog. How should a dog be treated for vomiting. Be fed diarrhea?If your dog is healthy and alert and there is no blood in the diarrhea or vomit, you can often start symptomatic treatment at home:
– If the dog vomits, you can starve it for 6-8 hours.
Attention: Very small dogs and puppies should NOT starve themselves, as they are at risk of dangerously low blood sugar levels! – The dog must have access to clean fresh water at all times. – Offer a gentle diet in small portions, z. B. mushy cooked rice or potatoes with very well cooked poultry fillet, or feed a commercial intestinal diet.
Suggested feeding schedule:
– Day 1: Give 50% of the recommended daily amount, divided into 6-8 servings – Day 2 and 3: 75% divided into 4-6 servings – Day 4 and 5: 100% divided into 3-4 servings – Supplement the food with electrolytes and probiotics for dogs, following the manufacturer's instructions. You can get these preparations from your family veterinarian's office. – Dogs need ca. 50 ml of fluid per kg of body weight per day. This is about 500 ml for a dog with a body weight of 10 kg, but in case of vomiting and/or diarrhea this value is considerably higher. Be sure to keep the dog adequately hydrated.
A sick dog may well need a few quieter days to fully recover, with short walks on leash and few activities. It is important not to socialize with other dogs until your dog has fully recovered. How can vomiting. diarrhea treated in dogs?Treatment is focused on replacing the fluid lost from. Indeed, in severe cases, dehydration can lead to shock and damage internal organs, such as z.B. the kidneys, damage. Blood tests are also performed at the veterinarian's office, if needed, to check the dog's red and white blood cell levels, internal organ function, and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride). In addition, it is important to determine the cause of vomiting or diarrhea. For example, radiographs and/or an ultrasound of the abdomen may be required if the dog has swallowed an object or a foreign body is suspected. Sometimes surgery may also be required to correct the cause. If your dog is a scavenger, we recommend sending a stool sample for laboratory analysis periodically to determine if intestinal parasites are causing the symptoms
Symptomatic treatment is given while clinical symptoms subside. An easily digestible food is given in small portions as needed, along with anti-nausea medications, gastric acid inhibitors, pain medications and probiotics to replace normal gut bacteria. Antibiotics are rarely indicated in the treatment of vomiting or diarrhea because they can further disrupt the normal bacterial flora in the gut.