Types of leave at the workplace you should know

When we talk about "vacation speak, we first think of paid vacation. In reality, however, there is a Variety of different types of vacation, some of which are very well known, others less so. What are the different types of vacation in Germany? We have created a list for you with a short definition for each type of vacation.

Statutory annual leave

Almost all employees in Germany are entitled to at least 4 weeks paid recreational leave during the year. In other words, most workers* who work a 5-day week must get at least 24 workdays of vacation per year.

Note that the employer can also count holidays toward the statutory annual leave. All in all, the amount of paid vacation is calculated on the basis of accumulated vacation days.

Different regulations apply to young people, as these are based on the Youth Employment Protection Act (Jugendarbeitsschutzgesetz). Depending on age, young people are entitled to 25 to 30 working days. Another exception: Employees with a severely disabled pass have an additional entitlement of 5 days of vacation.

Sick leave

Workers can take time off work when they are sick until they are well again. If they are sick shortly before or during their paid vacation become healthy again, they can take these days instead as sick leave. Employers can require a medical certificate from the first day of work. As for statutory sick pay, employers must pay full wages for up to 6 weeks.

Sabbatical leave (sabbatical year)

Unlike sick or annual leave, a sabbatical is a benefit offered by companies, not a right. Sabbatical leave is a benefit that allows employees*, in addition to paid vacation and sick leave, to take a additional time off from work while continuing to be employed by the company.

Employees can take a sabbatical year for a variety of reasons, e.g., to take a sabbatical. B. in order to travel, acquire new skills, engage in volunteer work or simply to recover from work. Whether a sabbatical year is paid or unpaid is at the discretion of the company.

types of leave at the workplace these you should know

Parental leave

Parental leave in Germany is up to 3 years. It ends at the latest with the 8. Birthday of the child. In the case of the mother, the following is deducted from the 3 years the period after the birth, Deducted from the time she spent on maternity leave. If only after the 3. If parental leave is taken on the child's 60th birthday, it can last a maximum of 24 months.

For each full calendar month of parental leave, the employer may pay the Reduce vacation entitlement by one-twelfth.

Residual leave however, does not expire. During parental leave, employees do not receive wages, but they can apply for parental allowance. Basic parental allowance is paid up to 12 months paid for a long time – if both parents apply for parental leave, this is even up to 14 months possible.

Paternity leave

Paternity leave is a form of parental leave in which the father takes time off from work after the birth of his child. The most common model is still "dad months – in this model, the father takes two months of parental leave and the mother takes 12 months of. Thus, parental allowance can be taken for up to 14 months.

Maternity leave

Maternity leave applies to employees who are pregnant or breastfeeding. This includes Health protection at work, protection from Termination, a Employment ban in the weeks before and after the birth to secure income during the employment ban.

Special leave

Special leave is a type of paid leave granted to employees* when they have z. B. a Losing loved ones or having children care for their parents.

Bad weather conditions cannot be a reason for special leave, as they are not "inherent in the person", as provided for in BGB § 616. The difficult thing is that the duration of this leave is not regulated by law.

Educational leave

Educational leave laws vary by state. In Baden-Wurttemberg, Bavaria, Saxony and Thuringia there are also no Educational leave law.

Generally, this form of leave relates to political and vocational education and is usually five working days per year.

Unpaid leave

Unpaid leave refers to a period of time agreed between the employer and employee during which the employee is released from work and therefore receives no pay from the employer. In Germany, there is no entitlement to unpaid leave under labor law. The employee's secondary obligations (fiduciary duty, non-competition clause, etc.) are not limited.) continue to exist during this period.

How to keep track of all types of leave?

Are you responsible for the day-to-day management of your employees* leave? Feel regularly overwhelmed by the paperwork to fill out, confirmation emails to send, and spreadsheets? A vacation planner software like kiwiHR would surely be a good solution for you.

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