Typical childhood diseases and their symptoms

A sick child is probably the biggest worry of every parent. Yet health care in Germany today is so good that most childhood diseases are no longer easily recognized. Of course not, because if you have never seen a child with chickenpox, you will not easily recognize the symptoms. The typical childhood diseases that accompanied today's generation of parents in their own childhood have become rare.

Measles, mumps, rubella, scarlet fever and chickenpox

Many children get the typical Childhood diseases not because they are vaccinated and immune to it. Other children do not get them because most of their peers are vaccinated and the diseases are no longer transmitted so frequently. Now one can counter that Vaccinations the outbreak of childhood diseases in infancy prevent, but the affected persons then often regard the illnesses as Adults and among the serious consequences suffer – this is true conditionally.

Adults, of course, can catch childhood diseases if they don't get Basic immunization and they can also infect children with them. However, a basic immunization is not only achieved by suffering from the corresponding disease, but also by a complete vaccination protection.

Most childhood diseases Catch in children quite harmlessFever, a bit of exhaustion, whining, bad mood and sleeping problems indicate a weakened immune system and should be checked by a doctor if the symptoms do not disappear after one day or if other symptoms appear.

Video: What are children's diseases??

Typical childhood diseases and their symptoms

A brief summary of the main diseases and their symptoms

Typical childhood diseases and their symptoms

Whooping cough: wheezing cough with very strong irritation of the cough up to shortness of breath, often associated with retching and vomiting. Highly contagious and for infants due to respiratory arrest life-threatening!

Measles: red spotted rash starting from face and ears, high fever, cough, cold, red swollen eyes. Highly contagious and often associated with life-threatening secondary diseases!

mumps: high fever, fat cheeks, difficulty swallowing, stiff neck, headache, vomiting and abdominal pain. Highly contagious, can lead to infertility in boys during and after puberty.

Newborn jaundiceyellowish coloration of the skin in newborns, child does not drink much, tiredness, fatigue, loss of appetite. Not contagious, is shown on the 3. up to 5. Day after birth.

ringworm: red rash on the face and body with circular marks, itching, fever, aching limbs. Highly contagious and very dangerous for pregnant women!

Rubella (Rubella): high fever, red rash starting from the ears, swollen lymph nodes. Highly contagious and especially for pregnant women very dangerous!

Rotavirusabdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, very high fever, resulting in fatigue, exhaustion, loss of appetite. Contagious! It is essential to treat, because the loss of fluids is life-threatening in infants.

Scarlet feverFever, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, white tongue (becomes bright red later), red rash on the groin and under the armpits. Highly contagious!

Tetanus: dirty open wound, muscle cramps near the injury, fatigue, irritability, headache. Only transmissible via wounds. Life-threatening!

Chickenpox: short-lived fever, itching, red spots on the skin and scalp. Highly contagious!

Always consult the doctor and give the child rest

The most common and dangerous children's illnesses are covered by this list, but there are, of course even more infections, which are typically caught by children. If a child longer than one day of fever or cold symptoms, should always have a Doctor should be consulted, in case of vomiting or diarrhoea as well.

Many childhood diseases can be prevented by appropriate Vaccinations avoided, but not all of them. And a sick child always and absolutely needs Rest.

It's not just about Risk of infection, if a sick child is not allowed to go to kindergarten or to school, but especially to Recovery of the childs: Bed rest is especially important in case of fever. Print form as well as online information about the most important childhood diseases. Their symptoms – parents are advised to read the following.

Cover picture: © PhotographyByMK – shutterstock.com Text image: © AntonioDiaz – shutterstock.com

About the author

Michaela Lieber

Since Maximilian on 12. When I saw the light of day in March 2010, a lot changed in my life. I like to share this experience. As an editor in my daily work, as in my personal life.

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