Typical diseases of guinea pigs

Learn more about rodents:Unfortunately, your guinea pigs may not be well at times. If they lie there apathetic or the beans become very mushy, then quick help is called for and you should go to your vet in any case.

Typical diseases in guinea pigs are:

In this article we have listed for you the most typical diseases of guinea pigs. Most of the time the guinea pigs have circular. Ring-shaped hair loss to complain. First, the limbs, nose and ears are affected by the fungus, and then it spreads to the back and abdomen.

Frequent and severe scratching is also a symptom of a fungal infection.

Due to a weakened immune system of your Meeries a fungal infection is favored. Also other diseases and a wrong nutrition (for example too much sugar in ready-made mixtures from the pet supplies) can facilitate a fungal infestation.

Likewise, too much stress due to constant moving or too much noise in the resting and sleeping times leads to a weakened immune system, which favors the fungal infection.

Be sure to take your guinea pig to the vet. Because only at the vet can your guinea pig be helped from the fungal infection. The veterinarian can tell you exactly what kind of fungal infection it is and prescribe a medication accordingly. Mostly the fungal infestation is treated by the drug antimycotics.

Colds:

Guinea pigs have almost the same symptoms of a cold as we humans do. A runny nose, shortness of breath, cough or sticky eyes in a guinea pig indicate a cold and should be treated and examined by a veterinarian.

The reason for a cold in guinea pigs could be that the cage is in the draught or the underground of the cage is too cold. But also by a cold human your guinea pig can easily get infected.

In addition, a lack of cage hygiene, too much stress as well as a weakened immune system quickly leads to a cold. What you should consider best when cleaning the enclosure, you can read in our current article When to clean the guinea pig enclosure.

Another cause may be due to teeth. If the teeth are not in an optimal position, your guinea pig cannot absorb enough vital substances, which in turn slows down the organism.

The guinea pig enclosure should always be cleaned thoroughly, so that your Meeries also feel well and have no stress.

First of all it is important to find the possible sources of trouble. In any case a visit to the vet is necessary.

In guinea pigs, a harmless sneeze can develop into a cold, which can then turn into pneumonia and any help can come too late.

Go sooner rather than later to the vet and get advice.

Diarrhea:

If your guinea pig has diarrhea, the beans it excretes will be very mushy or even too small or too big. The normal bean form is not to be recognized with the diarrhea.

Also your guinea pig may seem listless and may not play anymore.

The most common cause of diarrhea in guinea pigs is when they are infected by bacteria, fungi or viruses. Often this happens due to contaminated or moldy foods.

It can also happen that your guinea pig has accidentally ingested poisonous plants. This could be, for example, laburnum, broom, conifers, yew or oak.

Likewise, a common cause of diarrhea in guinea pigs is when they have a worm infestation. Infection often occurs through humans. Other animals or through food.

If your guinea pig gnaws on plastic, kitty litter or other chemically treated items, this often leads to diarrhea as well. But also stress can cause diarrhea in your guinea pig. The stress makes your guinea pig's immune system too weak. Is more easily susceptible to bacterial infections.

Likewise, it is too stressful for your guinea pig to be petted and handled by too many people. Changing cages too often due to moving can also weaken your guinea pigs' immune system and lead to infections.

It is important that the diarrhea in guinea pigs is not treated for more than 24 hours after discovery without a visit to the veterinarian. Diarrhea can quickly cause death in your loved one if prolonged. The nutrients are no longer optimally absorbed during diarrhea.

You should always wash off vegetables and fruits, and if they are rotten, throw away either the entire vegetable or the entire fruit. If your piggy doesn't eat some of your vegetables, try it, usually the piece left by the Meerie tastes really bitter. You should peel cucumber and carrot if possible, because the peels are injected and often contain toxic substances.

The best thing to do is to thoroughly clean the guinea pig enclosure once to remove possible contamination. Likewise, you should feed the food bowl. Clean the water bowl thoroughly.

Give your guinea pig only good quality hay for the time being, until the feces of your guinea pig have hardened again.

If you are changing your guinea pigs' food, do not change abruptly from one type of food to the next, but offer more hay. Hay is the be-all and end-all for your guinea pig and helps more than if you feed a lot of dry food now.

Meningitis:

Signsn:

Meningitis can occur in guinea pigs only in the first 5 months. The signs of meningitis are very similar to a normal cold with conjunctivitis. But also symptoms like sudden fever. Vomiting can indicate meningitis.

Causes of meningitis in guinea pigs are meningococcal or viral infections

In the case of meningitis, it should be noted that people can also become infected through feces, urine and saliva. It is absolutely important to take your guinea pig to the vet. A blood analysis is usually performed there. The chances of survival of your guinea pig in case of meningitis are relatively high and the healing time is usually 3 weeks.

Bladder infection:

If your guinea pig has a bladder infection, you can observe that it is difficult for it to urinate. You will also notice that the urine smells very strong and that your guinea pig no longer has an appetite.

The most common cause of bladder infections are bacterial infections. These are more common in females than in male guinea pigs.

A cure is done by the vet. This administers antibiotics or a booster injection to compensate for the lack of fluids.

Dental problems:

Another typical disease for guinea pigs is dental problems. These appear very often in guinea pigs. The signs can be various. The clearest sign is when your guinea pig does not eat as usual. Also, it does not come to you immediately when there is something tasty to eat. Teeth grow for a lifetime. Need to be rubbed off again and again. This is done by your guinea pigs eating primarily hay. If your piggy likes it, twigs, wood or other branches are also good to nibble on.

This happens naturally as the teeth are rubbed down over and over again. If your guinea pigs don't get enough to nibble on in the form of hay and twigs and branches, their teeth will not be able to wear down and difficult dental problems will occur.

What you should consider everything with the dental care of your guinea pigs, we have described to you in our great article dental care with guinea pigs very exactly.

Gnawing on branches and twigs can naturally wear down the teeth of your guinea pigs.

The teeth of guinea pigs grow throughout their lives and are constantly worn down by gnawing and chewing. Here it is important to contact your vet and get medical advice.

If your guinea pig continues to eat too little, it can have serious health consequences. In a pinch, you can also have your vet shorten their teeth as a preventative measure.

Mite infestation:

Signs of mite infestation or infestation of other parasites are often severe itching, hair loss or crusty skin.

In case of mite infestation it is often a lack of hygiene of the guinea pig enclosure. But too much stress also leads to a weakened immune system. At a much greater risk for mite infestation. The wrong diet can also promote mite infestation. The veterinarian should be notified in case of mite infestation. Thus medical advice should be sought. The guinea pig enclosure should also be cleaned very thoroughly in case of mite infestation.

Eye diseases such as keratoconjunctivitis

In case of eye diseases you can observe a strong lacrimation with later eye dryness in your guinea pig. Also are adhesions. to recognize incrustations in the eye area.

Too much dust and dirt particles in the bedding can cause the guinea pigs to get inflammations in the eye area. Since they brush themselves, it is impossible to prevent the dirt on their feet from getting to their eyes. Injuries near the eyes can also lead to eye diseases.

With all eye inflammations you should drive absolutely to the veterinary surgeon, because from a harmless inflammation a blind eye can develop in the worst case. The vet can examine your guinea pig in detail and will give you eye drops. In any case, a thorough cleaning of the cage is necessary. As long as your piggy has problems with his eyes, you should clean the cage more often.

Diabetes:

Signs:

The signs of diabetes in guinea pigs are increased drinking, weight loss and increased hunger. Also a sweet urine smell can. An increased activity to indicate diabetes.

Causes:

If too much sugar is supplied through the diet, it is also metabolized, which subsequently leads to permanently high blood sugar and obesity. Most dry food mixtures contain added sugar in the form of molasses or glucose, which is not a suitable diet for your guinea pig.

Diabetes can develop with a lack of exercise in combination with a sugary dry food diet.

Cure:

The veterinarian can determine the diabetes of your guinea pig by certain tests and also which type of diabetes it is. Through appropriate medication, the insulin level in your guinea pig can be regulated again.

Here we have compiled our best articles for you about your guinea pigs:

Summary – Typical diseases of guinea pigs

The most common diseases in guinea pigs are eye diseases, fungus and mite infestation, dental problems and also colds.

Most importantly, if you notice any symptoms of illness in your guinea pigs, call your vet immediately and seek medical advice. Because even small injuries can quickly become dangerous for your loved one.

The most consistent symptoms of illness in your guinea pigs are, for example, that your guinea pigs no longer eat properly, their eyes water, their feces or urine are different than usual, or your guinea pigs scratch themselves constantly. Often the immune system is also weakened by too much stress in guinea pigs. Make them more susceptible to diseases faster. Stress triggers can be constant moving, wrong location of the guinea pig enclosure or even too much noise.

With such characteristics you should observe your guinea pig steadily and go in any case to the veterinarian. Only your veterinarian can examine your guinea pig thoroughly and prescribe medication if necessary, so that your guinea pig will be well again quickly.

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