Vision problems mirror of the soul this is behind eye diseases augsburger allgemeine

When people suffer from eye diseases, it is sometimes also the soul that needs to be healed. What doctors experience.

"That's a thorn in my side," "I see black," or "He was blind with rage": sayings like these indicate that there is a connection between the eye, vision, and the psyche. In fact, there are such correlations, but they are extremely complex. How psychological stress affects certain eye diseases is difficult to determine. It is certain that there are vision problems that cannot be adequately explained organically. The most spectacular example of this is "psychogenic blindness": as a result of repressed emotional conflicts, patients can only see blurredly or not at all, even though their eyes are healthy.

"We have several cases of this type here per year," says Prof. Horst Helbig, Vice President of the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG). "Most of the time, these are girls between the ages of ten and 14." They would be immediately referred to a child psychologist. "However, it is important that everything else has been ruled out beforehand and that the children are not treated as 'malingerers,'" Helbig emphasizes.

"The eye works, but the brain does not allow the images," Gabriele Emmerich, spokesperson for the "Psychosomatics in Ophthalmology" department of the Professional Association of Ophthalmologists of Germany, explains psychogenic blindness. Psychologists ame that the phenomenon is based on unresolved conflicts or traumas, for example war experiences. These lead to the fact that the patients unconsciously fade out visual information, because they do not want to see the bad experiences – in the figurative sense. However, the phenomenon has not been well researched.

Symptoms and findings often do not match

It is rare that such severe vision problems have a purely psychological cause. According to Emmerich, much more frequent are cases in which the patient's complaints and what can be determined organically do not fit together. She reports: "I often have patients who describe their symptoms much more strongly than the organic findings would suggest." For example, they suffer severely from burning and pain as a result of dry eyes. Or they perceive "flying gnats" – which are harmless opacities in the vitreous body of the eyeball – unbearably clearly. "In such cases, it is important to find out: What is so disturbing? Why does the patient evaluate the symptoms so strongly?", says Emmerich.

In fact, it may be that psychological strain, such as persistent stress or bullying at work, is the main problem. Visual acuity can also suffer temporarily as a result of stress: As a result of strong tension, the ciliary muscles to which the lenses are attached tense up, so that the eye remains adjusted to near vision. One speaks of a "pseudo myopia", which is often accompanied by headaches.

In addition, there are tangible eye diseases in whose development and course the psyche obviously plays a role. The background is usually complicated, as Emmerich explains: "For example, unresolved conflicts can cause changes in the autonomic nervous system and hormones and thus promote the development of a disease or prolong its duration. A typical example is the mysterious eye disease "Retinopathia centralis serosa" (RCS), in which fluid accumulates under the central retina. The disease often affects men between the ages of 30 and 50 who are under a lot of prere at work, which is why it is also called "manager's eye disease.

How RCS develops is unclear. According to the DOG, researchers have long suspected a connection with the personality of patients: These often show a "type A behavior" – that is, they show an increased willingness to perform in competitive situations. Thus the autonomic nervous system is stimulated more strongly, which leads to an increased secretion of the stress hormone cortisol. This effect could be an important trigger for the disease.

Many factors are possible triggers

In addition, holistically oriented ophthalmologists ame that psychological factors can also play a role in inflammatory eye diseases. They explain this with multi-layered connections between psyche and immune system. On the one hand, psychological stress can inhibit the immune system. Lead to an increased susceptibility to infections. But stress can also cause activation of the immune system. This leads to the hypothesis that stress may promote the development of the autoimmune disease uveitis. Inflammations of the interior of the eye are summarized under this keyword, which are accompanied by eye redness, lacrimation, sensitivity to light, visual problems and eye pain. Many factors come into question as triggers.

Another disease for which the influence of the psyche has long been speculated is glaucoma (green star), in the course of which the optic nerve dies off. Psychological strain and stress can, among other things, change the intraocular prere, which is considered a risk factor for glaucoma. Conversely, studies have shown that "autogenic training and endurance sports have a favorable effect on intraocular prere," says Helbig. However, he warns against drawing further conclusions. For the DOG, drugs that lower eye prere are the first choice to stop the disease. Emmerich is also cautious on this subject. The effects that can be achieved by relaxation exercises are comparatively small. "Patients take such statements gladly in such a way that they must take no more drops. But they could also cause damage!", warns the ophthalmologist.

Emmerich does not want to give general tips concerning eyes and psyche. In addition the cases, with which it has to do it in practice, are too different. At best, she says, one can advise relaxation exercises. "Autogenic training or muscle relaxation according to Jacobson are often a useful addition to the treatment of stress-related physical illnesses," she says. This gives you more energy -. This also contributes to better vision.

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: