Help with vomitingVomiting and the nausea that precedes it arise at many different levels in the human body. The abdominal organs, the brain or metabolic processes are particularly often involved in causing the symptoms. For
Acute treatment you can find various medications that stop vomiting can. A gastrointestinal nutrition helps your body to recover quickly.
Vomiting is a protective function of the body
A sinking feeling of nausea usually precedes vomiting. Once the reflex is triggered, the person has no way to stop the vomiting. The body protects itself. Try to get rid of toxins in this way.
vomiting center directs process of vomiting
The control circuit of vomiting is coordinated by the vomiting center in the brain stem. If this gives the signal to the body to vomit, the autonomic nervous system triggers symptoms such as dizziness, sweating, pallor and increased salivation. The vomiting center regulates the interaction of the muscles of the intestines, stomach muscles, diaphragm, and esophagus, which use strong prere to move the stomach contents out of the body. To prevent life-threatening inhalation (aspiration) of vomit, breathing is briefly stopped and the trachea and nasopharynx close off.
Causes of vomiting
Vomiting can be triggered by numerous physical or psychological causes, one being certain illnesses:
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: Pain, infections, passage disorders, inflammatory diseases
Diseases outside the gastrointestinal tract: heart attack, renal colic, pedunculated ovarian cyst, testicular torsion, glaucoma attack, migraines
Diseases of the central nervous system: increased intracranial prere, meningitis, encephalitis Metabolic diseases: diabetes, uremia
On the other hand, by certain situations or circumstances:
– Travel nausea – poisoning, medications (e.g., drugs).B. chemotherapy) – pregnancy – high fever and severe pain in general – radiotherapy – mental illnesses (bulimia, anorexia) and conditions
Acetonemic vomiting – especially common in children
A special form of the symptomatology is acetonemic vomiting. It is an increased reaction of the metabolism to infections and vomiting. This gets into a kind of emergency mode by persistent vomiting, in which it produces ketone bodies. This substance further stimulates vomiting and thus the organism gets into a vicious circle, which can only be interrupted by sufficient fluid and mineral intake. Drinking a lot and sucking glucose can help.
Multiple vomiting is typical
Typical for this special form are several successive and sudden vomiting attacks without any underlying causal disease. Infants are particularly commonly affected, but acetonemic vomiting can also occur in school-age children.
Nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness
Many people suffer from motion sickness, also known as kinetosis, when they are in a car, plane, train or ship. Sufferers often feel nauseous, especially when driving backwards. Cold sweat breaks out, the pulse quickens, nausea sets in and in the worst case people also have to throw up.
Different movement stimuli as triggers
The unpleasant reaction is caused by the paradoxical interaction of contradictory movement stimuli in the brain. The eyes recognize on the way for example the movement from the car window, the organ of equilibrium registers however only the body sitting still in the car. All strands of information converge in the brain stem. Stimulate the vomiting center in susceptible people. For example, acuprere bracelets, preparations containing ginger or the active ingredient dimenhydrinate can help.
Diet for vomiting
Vomiting is not a disease, but a symptom. It indicates that the gastrointestinal tract needs acute relief.
Stop food intake at first
Therefore, a break in food intake should be taken at first. If the vomiting and nausea go away on their own or are treated with medication, you can slowly start to build up your diet. If possible, the stomach should not be irritated again immediately. Make sure you eat a low-fat diet. Take small meals. Cold foods smell much weaker than hot foods. Stimulate the vomiting center in the brain less strongly. Give preference when vomiting:
– tasteless foods such as crispbread, toast and potatoes – easily digestible vegetables such as carrots, fennel, zucchini and spinach – lean meat in chicken broth – rice – pasta – vegetable soups – peppermint candies to suck between meals
Eat only when you feel ready to do so. They tolerate meals in company. Positive atmosphere much better. Chew thoroughly. Eat slowly. Clear away leftover food immediately after the meal.
Beverages for vomiting
Drinking is an important ie when vomiting, as your fluid balance quickly becomes unbalanced. Caution is required here, especially with young children and older people. Take drinks only in sips at first. In infants, a teaspoon of liquid every five minutes is sufficient at the beginning of an acute vomiting episode to keep them from becoming dehydrated.
Suitable drinks are:
– still water – tea with a teaspoon of glucose and a pinch of salt – cooled, highly diluted fruit juice spritzers made from mild juices – ginger ale, carbon dioxide stirred out – ginger tea (3 times a day, a cup made from a teaspoon of grated ginger with 150 milliliters of boiling water brewed over it and left to steep for 10 to 15 minutes) – peppermint tea – chamomile tea – water with a tablespoon of lemon juice
These are the foods and drinks you should avoid if you are vomiting
Nausea is a highly subjective feeling, and your body uses this feeling to signal which foods you just can't tolerate. Pay attention and do not eat anything you have an aversion to at the moment: