What diseases are considered to be severe disabilities

What diseases are considered to be severe?Almost 8 million people in Germany are considered severely disabled. The number seems relatively high, it means that every tenth citizen of Germany is limited in everyday life or dependent on outside help. The number is rising steadily, and one reason for this is the increasing age of society. After all, almost half of the severely disabled people are between 55 and 75 years old. Causes of a severe disability can be a wide variety of diseases.

We have summarized for you a severe disability disease table including degree of disability clearly for you.

When is someone considered severely disabled?

A person is classified as severely disabled if he or she is determined to have a degree of disability of 50 or more. If diseases become chronic or are particularly severe, a high GdB rating is highly likely. For example, chronic intestinal diseases such as ulcerative colitis are assessed as having a GdB of 50 to 60 if symptoms persist, as is chronic hepatitis, which has strong inflammatory activity. Also sufferers of severe migraine, with only a few days break between attacks, can reach a degree of disability of 50 to 60.

A disease is always considered to be severely chronic if the affected person is dependent on medical treatment at least once every three months. Or if it has to be treated even permanently, because otherwise the disease would steadily worsen.

The possibility of recognizing a chronic disease as a disability, by the way, goes back to a judgment of the European Court of Justice with file numbers C-335/11 and C-337/11. It serves to protect affected persons from discrimination because of their health condition.

Many people associate the term “disability” with a physical or mental impairment, such as missing limbs or paralysis. And in fact, in the statistics of severe disability also physical limitations lead with more than 60 percent share. More than 11 percent is the figure for mental disabilities, such as brain damage or brain dysfunction, which are already discovered in childhood.

It is less known that the following diseases are also classified as severe disabilities, for example

– A cancer disease – A stroke – Various cardiovascular diseases – A diabetes disease – A rheumatic disease – An asthma disease – A depression disease – Tinnitus – Severe acne

More than one third of the German citizens suffer from one of the mentioned or even several diseases, whereby it is clear to see that with increasing age the number of affected persons also increases.

There are currently so many different forms of disability that even experts find it difficult to make an exact classification. Because a disability can always affect the body, but also the psyche, it can be both a learning disability as well as a consequence of an addictive disease.

If the sensory organs are impaired, this can also constitute a form of severe disability, for example, a hearing impairment, total deafness or a visual impairment. In addition, neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis or epilepsy can be. Mental illnesses such as schizophrenia are classified as severe disability.

Dementia as the cause of a severe disability

Dementia diseases have an enormous physical and psychological, but also social impact on the person affected. In almost 90 percent of cases, the disease is irreversible, meaning it can no longer be cured. There are about 50 different forms of dementia, with Alzheimer's accounting for more than 60 percent of cases. Forms that make it impossible for sufferers to control their emotions are also classified as severe disabilities. Likewise, dementia associated with aggression or depression and significant mood swings.

If you are severely disabled, be sure to apply for a degree of care

Many of the illnesses that are recognized as severe disabilities also mean that the affected person has an increased need for care and assistance. If a care degree is awarded in this context, various care services, such as 24-hour care, can be claimed, which not only make life much easier for the person concerned, but also for his relatives or his immediate environment. On the basis of the degree of disability table, you can see how serious the disability of the affected person is and the higher the degree of disability, the higher the degree of care and thus the care allowance.

Marks indicate the disease of severe disability

Severely disabled persons are entitled to the benefits of a severely disabled person's card. There are different marks, usually in letter form, which provide information about why the affected person is considered severely disabled.

The G mark, which stands for walking impaired, is also assigned to people who suffer from chronic renal insufficiency, for example. Children and adolescents receive the mark H, which stands for helpless, if they suffer, for example, from cystic fibrosis or cleft lip and palate.

The advantages of a severely disabled person's card include numerous financial reductions and tax benefits.

The application for a severe disability is submitted to the Office for Social Affairs or to the Social Welfare Office. be submitted to the so-called pension office. Whether the criteria for a positive completion of the application are present, is examined in each case individually and, if necessary, a corresponding notice is ied and in it the determined degree of disability and the characteristic sign can be found.


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