Dachshund diseaseMany typical dog diseases are very similar to those of humans. Four-legged friends often suffer from gastrointestinal, eye, ear, nose and throat or organ diseases, for example. Or at tumors. Parasites. The ten most common as well as the most dangerous dog diseases can be found here:
The 10 most common dog diseases
Many typical canine diseases are very similar to those of humans. Particularly often, quadrupeds suffer, for example, gastrointestinal, eye, ear, nose and throat or organ diseases. Or tumors. Parasites. The ten most common dog diseases are shown in this list:
1. Gastrointestinal disorders:
For canine diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract are
Vomiting, Diarrhea or Constipation typical symptoms. Dogs are omnivores. Therefore, it often happens that they eat something that they do not tolerate or that even harms them. Also Parasites can cause gastrointestinal problems. Gastric torsion in dogs is an acute emergency requiring immediate surgical intervention by a veterinarian. Symptoms include a bloated belly, retching and restless behavior.
Dogs are especially susceptible to ticks , fleas, worms and mites . As a rule, parasites for the four-legged friends not life-threatening. But they can transmit serious diseases such as Lyme disease. Fleas are often carriers of tapeworms. Tick, mite or flea infestation usually manifests itself with skin rashes. Intestinal parasites can be responsible for dog diseases like giardia. Such an infection in a dog can lead to Diarrhea and Vomiting lead.
When and why a dog develops allergies cannot be predicted. Among other things solve Fleas or mites allergies in the quadrupeds from. Also certain Food can cause allergic reactions such as skin rashes, hair loss or itching. But: Unlike humans, dogs develop no respiratory problems, if allergic. Hay fever, for example, manifests as hay itch in them.
4. skin rashes
Many dogs have sensitive skin. A widespread problem are especially Skin inflammations due to allergic reactions (atopic dermatitis). The cause is often contact with allergenic substances or an infestation with ectoparasites – parasites that live on the surface of the host. Also lack of coat care can cause skin rashes in dogs.
Without proper dental care, dogs also get dental problems, for example due to tartar . Although there are special chewing snacks and bones, which promise a prophylaxis. However, such "Dentastix" contain often contain a lot of sugar, which in turn Overweight can lead. To Brushing with a toothbrush dog owners do not come around therefore.
6. Weight problems
More often than emaciation, overweight occurs in dogs. This can lead to cardiovascular problems or diseases like diabetes mellitus lead. Important to know: Your dog will usually not stop eating if you keep putting food out for it. Therefore, it is important as an owner on a balanced dog diet and regular exercise of the animal.
7. Herniated disc
Smaller dogs in particular suffer from a herniated disc, which is when the so-called gelatinous core of an intervertebral disc breaks through the fibrous ring. Hence the well-known term "dachshund paralysis". If this gelatinous core presses on nerves, under certain circumstances severe pain the consequence. Dachshunds are predestined for herniated discs because of their long backs. Dachshund paralysis, however, occurs in all breeds of dog.
8. Hip joint dysplasia
This orthopedic dog disease, a malposition in the hip joint, is often a problem in larger breeds. It can lead to major symptoms in the animals Pain and movement restrictions lead.
Cataracts are one of the most common dog diseases in old age. The eye disease can be treated by the Surgical removal of the clouded lens. However, the decision for or against surgery should be carefully considered. Because dogs can manage very well with their other senses, which are much more pronounced than with us humans. For example, they hear and smell much better than we do. Therefore, the eye is not their primary sense organ.
10. Ear infection
A frequently occurring dog disease is the Otitis. In this case, the ears become inflamed due to Bacteria, fungi or Parasites. A dark brown mass forms in the inner ear, and the Ear smells unpleasant. Consult a veterinarian who will prescribe appropriate medication and show you how to clean your dog's ears .
Other common dog diseases
Osteoarthritis in dogs is chronic joint disease. Osteoarthritis is threatened, for example, by excessive wear or misalignment of limbs. Often affected are hocks, elbows and hips of the quadrupeds. Typical symptoms of the disease in dogs are:
– reluctance to move – difficulty getting up – lameness
2. pancreatitis in dogs
Pancreatitis or inflammation of the pancreas in dogs can be both acute and chronic occur. In a particularly severe case, damage to several organs can occur. There is often no clear cause for the disease. Factors such as a high fat diet, circulatory disorders Or diabetes but increase the likelihood of disease.
The disease symptoms Are in case of pancreatitis mostly unspecific. Can indicate a severe course:
– diarrhea – weakness – fever – vomiting – loss of appetite
In most cases, pancreatitis is accompanied by significant Changes in blood values accompanied by. A blood test is therefore a good indicator for a diagnosis.
3. Conjunctivitis in dogs
One of the most common eye diseases is conjunctivitis in dogs. It is caused by external stimuli or pathogens triggered. for example by foreign bodies or parasites in the eye, draught, viruses or bacteria. Often conjunctivitis is also genetically determined. Typical symptoms are:
– reddened eyes – itching – increased lacrimation – swelling – frequent blinking
An exact diagnosis by a veterinarian is necessary in order to select the appropriate therapy.
4. Cruciate ligament rupture in dogs
To the cruciate ligament tear with the dog it comes mostly by an increasing Wear of the anterior cruciate ligament. That is, the ligament is already significantly affected before it finally breaks. The symptoms of a cruciate ligament rupture are relatively clear: Your dog can not see the affected eye Leg no longer sitting up properly, takes a Strange sitting posture one and lame clearly. Particularly frequently affected are heavy or. overweight dogs. X-ray and MRI scans are necessary for a reliable diagnosis.
5. Addison's disease in dogs
Addison's disease in dogs is a relatively rare disease in which a Underfunction of the adrenal gland causes decreased hormone production. The most common trigger for the disease is a Disturbance of the immune system. The many possible symptoms of Addison's disease include:
– vomiting – diarrhea – decreased appetite and thirst – fatigue – weight loss
A good first indicator for a possible disease is a routine blood test in the dog.
6. Spondylosis in dogs
Spondylosis is a degenerative wear of the spine. Often spondylosis in dogs is genetic, but overwork in dogs can also be the cause. Symptoms of spondylosis often do not become apparent until elasticity of ligaments and intervertebral discs has already significantly diminished. Typical signs are:
– discomfort when standing up, walking and climbing stairs – fatigue – sensitive reaction to touch in the back area
Spondylosis is diagnosed by the veterinarian with the help of an X-ray and palpation examination.
8 dangerous dog diseases
Which dog disease is the most dangerous, can not be answered in general terms. Because there are several dog diseases that can be fatal if not detected and treated early enough.
Pavovirosis: highly contagious viral disease that can be fatal. In puppies, pavovirosis can attack the heart muscle. Trigger lifelong heart problems.
Gastric torsion: occurs when your dog devours food too quickly.
Kidney failure: can be chronic or acute. If the kidney failure is chronic, there is hardly anything that can be done about it. Acute kidney failure can be caused by poisoning or infection.
Heartworm: Parasite that lives in the heart and pulmonary arteries and damages arteries and vital organs of the dog.
Canine distemper: also a highly contagious viral disease. Usually arises from nose contact with an already sick dog.
Kennel cough: inflammation of the respiratory tract, which often affects unvaccinated dogs and puppies in the kennel.
Tick-borne diseases (Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, babesiosis and anaplasmosis): are usually noticeable in dogs by listlessness and fever.
Cancer: Especially dogs in old age often get cancer. cancers are one of the most common causes of death in dogs. Basically, even minor complaints can indicate a dangerous disease in your dog. That is why you should. Observe his behavior carefully. Regular preventive examinations and Vaccinations help prevent dangerous canine diseases. Because many diseases can end fatally for your quadruped. Some canine diseases also include contagious. If your four-legged friend has distemper or parvovirosis, for example, it can cause infection in another dog.