For centuries, rats were considered scruffy backyard animals and disease carriers. So completely they will probably not get rid of this image, because of course there are also today still enough free-living rats.

But as a very adaptable animal, the rat has a parallel career as a pet. And rightly so: domestic rats are people-oriented and playful and are therefore suitable as pets for both children and adults. But you should know that rats are mainly active at dusk and dawn. Like most rodents, the rat does not want to lead a solitary existence. Should absolutely be allowed to live together with at least one conspecific.

Acquisition of a rat

As already written, rats should be kept absolutely at least in pairs. Two animals are not much more expensive to keep than one and it is a real pleasure to see the animals interacting with each other.

Especially for babies. Infants good sleep is important. Babies recover during sleep. Process the experience of the day. In addition to a restful night's sleep, what counts most for parents-to-be is the aspect of the Safety around the crib. There are many mattresses for babies. The offer is difficult to manage. With so many manufacturers, models and features, it is easy to lose track of them all. In this regard, a baby mattress should fulfill certain characteristics, to be permanently safe. In this article you will learn which safety factors are important for baby mattresses.

Guide: Safe baby mattresses

DIN standard should increase safety of baby mattresses

the most important questions safety factors of baby mattresses

Photo by Enrique Hoyos from Pexels

Vomiting in cats: What to do?

Vomiting in cats is one of the most common health concerns for cat owners:inside. While the cause may be something as normal as a hairball or a simple stomach upset, cat vomiting could also indicate something more serious that requires veterinary attention.

In this post, we'll help you answer whether your cat needs to be presented to a:m veterinarian:in or how you can also treat your cat at home in mild cases.

What disability does our child have?You have been told that your child has a disability. But what does this mean for you and your child? And what is actually a handicap? We would like to enlighten and offer more detailed information on manifestations of mental retardation in children. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

What is a mental disability?

Parents often have a good sense of when something is wrong with their child. With it often go worries. Insecurities accompany. But what is a disability? Disability is often only understood as a medical diagnosis. In the case of mental retardation, for example, cognitive development is delayed and learning is difficult for the person. Often there are additional characteristics, for example, physical, speech or behavioral.

Help with vomitingVomiting and the nausea that precedes it arise at many different levels in the human body. The abdominal organs, the brain or metabolic processes are particularly often involved in causing the symptoms. For
Acute treatment you can find various medications that stop vomiting can. A gastrointestinal nutrition helps your body to recover quickly.

Vomiting is a protective function of the body

A sinking feeling of nausea usually precedes vomiting. Once the reflex is triggered, the person has no way to stop the vomiting. The body protects itself. Try to get rid of toxins in this way.

Viral diseases in snakes – Which pathogens are important??Correspondence address Dr. Annkatrin Neul Additional title Reptiles, Clinic for Birds and Reptiles, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 17, 04103 [email protected]

This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic or until permissions are revoked in writing. Upon expiration of these permissions, PMC is granted a perpetual license to make this article available via PMC and Europe PMC, consistent with existing copyright protections.

Ferlavirus infection

The disease with ferlaviruses is a highly contagious viral infection, which is often characterized by a fatal outcome. Ferlaviruses have been detected in snakes, but also in lizards and turtles. However, these pathogens play the most clinically relevant role in snakes, where the disease has a epidemic course can be amed. Ferlaviruses belong to the family Paramyxoviridae. Are also known as ophidian paramyxoviruses.

Scarlet fever is considered a classic childhood disease. Is one of the most common bacterial infectious diseases in this age group. The scarlet fever bacteria, so-called A-streptococci, occur worldwide and usually cause a sore throat and skin rash. The bacteria can form toxins. Once a patient has overcome the disease, he or she is protected in the future from the respective toxin of the pathogen. However, since the bacteria form different toxins, it is possible to contract scarlet fever more than once. Scarlet fever is highly contagious. Therefore, the disease occurs frequently in community facilities such as kindergartens or schools, especially in the colder season between October and March.

How is scarlet fever transmitted?

From person to person
Every fifth to tenth person is a carrier of the scarlet fever pathogens without falling ill themselves. Nevertheless, these people can pass on the bacteria to others. Mostly the pathogens are located in the throat area. When speaking, coughing or sneezing, the pathogens become airborne via the finest droplets of saliva and attach themselves to the mucous membrane of contact persons when inhaled.

The change of teeth in children takes place in different phases. There is a fixed sequence in which the milk teeth are replaced by the permanent teeth.

In the time of the change of teeth there is a change of the whole body, which is also accompanied by mental changes. In some cases, additional problems, such as teeth growing crooked or gum inflammation can be added.

The change of teeth in children is classically associated with the transition from infancy to school age . Although in most cases the change of teeth takes place without pain, many children have to struggle with their psyche during this time. Why is that?

Coronary heart disease: what's behind itCoronary heart disease, or CHD for short, is one of the most common heart diseases. It leads to circulatory disorders of the heart.


In Germany, around 5.5 million men and women are affected by. Prof. Dr. Michael Niehaus, head physician of the Medical Clinic I Cardiology and Rhythmology at the Helios Klinikum Gifhorn, explains what coronary heart disease is and which symptoms point to it.

What is coronary artery disease?

"Coronary artery disease is a serious disease of the heart that can lead to
Circulatory disorders of the heart muscle leads", says the chief physician. In CHD, there is vascular calcification (arteriosclerosis) in the coronary arteries, causing them to narrow. "Coronary arteries are arteries that supply oxygenated and nutrient-rich blood to the heart. 'They extend in a wreath shape around the heart,' says prof. Niehaus. Risk of atherosclerosis increases with age. This also increases the risk of coronary heart disease. Men are affected more often and earlier, Often from the age of 45. Year of life. Women are initially better protected by the female sex hormone estrogen. Only after menopause does this protection become weaker, so that women from the age of 55. The dentist must be aware of the fact that patients can develop coronary heart disease before they reach the age of 18. Coronary heart disease is widespread, especially in Western countries. Represents the most frequent cause of death there. The tricky thing: a CHD can remain asymptomatic for a long time proceed. If the symptoms of angina pectoris (chest tightness) then occur for the first time, for the first time at rest or more intensely than before, the risk of a heart attack has increased significantly.

Recognize and treat hedge diseasesWith hedge diseases, targeted action is required. This guide shows how to nurse your plants back to health.

– Diagnosis of hedge diseases – Preventing hedge diseases – Causes of hedge diseases – Detecting and controlling fungal infections in hedges – Detecting and controlling pests in hedges – Diseases specific to hedges – Summary

Correct diagnosis of hedge diseases

Healthy, dense hedges are a garden owner's dream. But like many other plants, hedge plants are not safe from fungal and pest attack. If discoloration, bald spots or holes occur, you should be able to identify the cause in good time, eliminate it and treat possible diseases. In this summary we will talk about the typical diseases of hedges and how to fight them.