Dogs have an excellent sense of smell. Excellent hearing. The eyes are somewhat weaker compared to these senses. Diseased, lack of vision therefore restricts the dog less. Nevertheless, good vision, along with smelling and hearing, is part of the overall package and thus one of the well-being factors of the dog.
The eyes – a sensitive sensory organ
A healthy dog eye has many natural protective mechanisms. Thus, surrounded by a layer of fat, the eyeball sits deep in the bony cavity of the dog's head and is supported by the two Eyelids protected. Lashes Are needed as protection for the eyeball from contact with foreign objects. The third eyelid, Nictitating skin called, wipes, comparable to a windshield wiper, dirt particles from the cornea. The clear Tear fluid protects the dog's eye from infections, prevents dehydration and thus ensures clear vision for the dog's eyes.
However, the eyes are exposed to a variety of external influences due to their exposed position. Eye reach. Irritate the eye. When sniffing in the undergrowth exists Risk of injury, also rank fights do not always remain without bruises. Likewise Draught, bacteria or viruses cause inflammation of the eye. Other causes have immune mediated eye diseases. The immune system mistakenly recognizes the body's own tie as foreign and fights against it. Diabetes mellitus or kidney disease can increase the risk of certain eye diseases.